The effect of age of introducing whole sorghum grain on performance of broiler chickens
More details
Hide details
University of South Africa, Department of Agriculture and Animal Health, Christiaan de Wet Rd & Pioneer Ave,1724, Rooderpoort, South Africa
University of KwaZulu Natal, 31 Golf Rd, Scottsville, 3201, Pietermaritzburg, South Africa
AB Vista, Woodstock Ct, SN8 4AN, Marlborough, United Kingdom
Fiji National University, Kings Rd, 7222 Nasinu, Fiji
Publication date: 2020-06-30
Corresponding author
M. Mabelebele   

University of South Africa, Department of Agriculture and Animal Health, Christiaan de Wet Rd & Pioneer Ave,1724, Rooderpoort, South Africa
J. Anim. Feed Sci. 2020;29(2):151-157
The aim of this study was to assess the influence of age of whole sorghum grain introduction on productivity of male broiler chickens. In total, 324 one-day-old broiler chickens were assigned in a completely randomized design to 3 treatments (age of introduction of whole sorghum grain: 0, 11 and 25 days) with 9 replicates in each. Animals were offered 50% pre-pelleted whole sorghum at different growing ages. Body weight and feed intake were measured on a pen basis at 10, 25 and 35 day of age, and feed conversion ratio (FCR) was calculated. Birds introduced to whole sorghum grain feeding from day 0 and from 25 day of age, at 35 day of age were heavier and had better FCR (P < 0.05) than those to which whole grain was introduced from day 11. The relative visceral organ weights, meat parts yield, meat colour and pH were not influenced (P > 0.05) by the age of introduction of whole sorghum. The digestibility of gross energy, crude protein and starch were also not affected (P < 0.05). The age of introduction influenced certain performance parameters in broiler chickens. So, early feeding whole grain (at post-hatch) marginally improved body weight and FCR in broiler chickens.
The authors would like to acknowledge and appreciate the funding from National Research Foundation (NRF- GUN no: 97095), South Africa and AB Vista Marlborough, UK for making this work possible.
AOAC International, 2010. Official Methods of Analysis of AOAC. 18th Edition. 3rd Revision. Gaithersburg, MD (USA).
Aviagen, 2014. Ross 308 Broiler Chicken’s Performance Objectives. Aviagen. Huntsville, AL (USA), www.aviagen.com.
Biggs P., Parsons C.M., 2009. The effects of whole grains on nutrients digestibilities, growth performance, and caecal short-chain in young chicks fed ground corn-soybean meal diets. Poult. Sci. 88, 1893−1905, https://doi.org/10.3382/ps.200....
Fernandes E.A., Pereira W.J.S., Hackenhaar L., Rodrigues R.M., Terra R., 2013. The use of whole grain sorghum in broiler feeds. Braz. J. Poult. Sci. 15, 217–22, https://doi.org/10.1590/S1516-....
Gabriel I., Mallet S., Leconte M., 2006. Differences in the digestive tract characteristics of broiler chickens fed on complete pelleted diet or on whole wheat added to pelleted protein concentrate. Br. Poult. Sci. 44, 283–290, https://doi.org/10.1080/000716....
Gabriel I., Mallet S., Leconte M., Travel A., Lalles J.P., 2008. Effects of whole wheat feeding on the development of the digestive tract of broiler chickens. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol. 142, 144–162, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.anif....
Garcia R.G., Mendes A.A., Almeida Paz I.C.L., Komiyama C.M., Caldara F.R., Nääs I.A., Mariano W.S., 2013. Implications of the use of sorghum in broiler production. Braz. J. Poult. Sci. 15, 257–262, https://doi.org/10.1590/S1516-....
Hetland H., Svihus B., Krogdahl Å., 2003. Effects of oat hulls and wood shavings on digestion in broilers and layers fed diets based on whole or ground wheat. Br. Poult. Sci. 44, 275–282, https://doi.org/10.1080/000716....
Hetland H., Svihus B., Olaisen V., 2002. Effect of feeding whole cereals on performance, starch digestibility and duodenal particle size distribution in broiler chickens. Br. Poult. Sci. 43, 416–423, https://doi.org/10.1080/000716....
Jones G.P.D., Taylor R.D., 2001. The incorporation of whole grain into pelleted broiler chicken diets: production and physiological responses. Br. Poult. Sci. 42, 477–483, https://doi.org/10.1080/000716....
Liu S.Y., Truong H.H., Khoddami A., et al., 2016. Comparative performance of broiler chickens offered ten equivalent diets based on three grain sorghum varieties as determined by response surface mixture design. Anim. Feed. Sci. Technol. 218, 70–83, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.anif....
Mabelebele M., Gous R.M., O’neil H.V.M., Iji P.A., 2018. Whole sorghum inclusion and feed form on performance and nutrient digestibility of broiler chickens. J. Appl. Anim. Nutr. 6, 1–8, https://doi.org/10.1017/JAN.20....
Moss A.F., Sydenham C.J., Truong H.H., Liu S.Y., Selle P.H., 2017. The interactions of exogenous phytase with whole grain feeding and effects of barley as the whole grain component in broiler diets based on wheat, sorghum and wheat-sorghum blends. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol. 227, 1–12, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.anif....
Plavnik I., Macovsky B., Sklan D., 2002. Effect of feeding whole wheat on performance of broiler chickens. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol. 96, 229–236, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0377-....
SAS Institute, 2010. The SAS System version 9.4. Statistical Analysis System Institute Inc. Cary, NC (USA).
Selle P.H., Gill R.J., Downing J.A., 2010. The vulnerability of sorghum to ‘Moist-Heat’. In: Proceedings of the 21st Australian Poultry Science Symposium on Broiler Nutrition. Sydney (Australia), APSS publication No. 21, 68–71.
Short F.J., Gorton P., Wiseman J., Boorman K.N., 1996. Determination of titanium dioxide added as an inert marker in chicken digestibility studies. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol. 59, 215–221, https://doi.org/10.1016/0377-8....
Singh Y., 2013. Whole grain inclusion in poultry diets: effects on performance, nutrient utilisation, gut development, caecal microflora profile and coccidiosis challenge. PhD Thesis. Institute of Veterinary, Animal and Biomedical Sciences. Massey (New Zealand).
Singh Y., Amerah A.M., Ravindran V., 2014. Whole grain feeding: methodologies and effects on performance, digestive tract development and nutrient utilisation of poultry. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol. 190, 1–18, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.anif....
Svihus B., Juvik E., Hetland H., Krogdahl Å., 2004. Causes for improvement in nutritive value of broiler chicken diets with whole wheat instead of ground wheat. Br. Poult. Sci. 45, 55–60, https://doi.org/10.1080/000716....
Svihus B., Newman R.K., Newman C.W., 1997. Effect of soaking, germination, and enzyme treatment of whole barley on nutritional value and digestive tract parameters of broiler chickens Br. Poult. Sci. 38, 390–396, https://doi.org/10.1080/000716....
Sweeney R.A., 1989. Generic combustion method for determination of crude protein in feeds: a collaborative study. J. Assoc. Off. Anal. Chem. 72, 770–774, https://doi.org/10.1093/jaoac/....
Taylor R.D., Jones G.P.D., 2004. The incorporation of whole grain into pelleted broiler chicken diets. II. Gastrointestinal and digesta characteristics. Br. Poult. Sci. 45, 237–246, https://doi.org/10.1080/000716....
Thomas D.V., Ravindran V., 2008. Effect of cereal type on performance, gastrointestinal tract development and intestinal morphology of the newly hatched chick. J. Poult. Sci. 45, 46–50, https://doi.org/10.2141/jpsa.4....
Truong H.H., Moss A.F., Liu S.Y., Selle P.H., 2017. Pre- and post-pellet whole grain inclusions enhance feed conversion efficiency, energy utilisation and gut integrity in broiler chickens offered wheat-based diets. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol. 224, 115–123, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.anif....
Uddin M.S., Rose S.P., Hiscock T.A., Bonnet S., 1996. A comparison of the energy availability for chickens of ground and whole grain samples of two wheat varieties. Br. Poult. Sci. 37, 347–357, https://doi.org/10.1080/000716....
Wu Y.B., Ravindran V., 2004. Influence of whole-wheat inclusion and xylanase supplementation on the performance, digestive tract measurements and carcass characteristics of broiler chickens. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol. 116, 129–139, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.anif....
Wu Y.B., Ravindran V., Hendricks W.H., 2004. Influence of exogenous enzyme supplementation on energy utilisation and nutrient digestibility of cereals for broilers. J. Sci. Food Agric. 84, 1817–1822, https://doi.org/ https://doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.1....
Latent Anti-nutrients and Unintentional Breeding Consequences in Australian Sorghum bicolor Varieties
Hayden Hodges, Heather Walker, Aaron Cowieson, Robert Falconer, Duncan Cameron
Frontiers in Plant Science
Journals System - logo
Scroll to top