The purpose of the present study was to determine the chemical composition and in vitro ruminal fermentation capacity of potato pulp (PP), potato pulp with peel (PPp) and potato peel (Pp), i.e. potato starch by-products. PP and PPp were applied at 5.0, 7.5 and 10.0% (on a dry matter basis) instead of corn flake and barley grain in dairy cow total mixed ration (TMR). The volumes of in vitro total gas and methane production, and metabolisable energy (ME) values of PP and PPp were higher compared to Pp (P < 0.001). The in vitro true dry matter digestion (tDMd) and in vitro true organic matter digestion (tOMd) values of PP using at 7.5% and 10% rates in TMR were decreased linearly according to that of control TMR value (P < 0.05). Therefore, the use of potato starch by-products in ruminant diet can be suggested due to the high and rapid fermentation potential, especially of potato pulp without peel. The study showed that PP could be applied at up to 5% and PPp at a level of up to 10% in dairy cattle TMR (on a DM basis). Further in vitro studies should be carried out using dried potato starch by-products.
We would like to thank the Unit for financial support of this study under the project No. TSA- 2018-8111 supported by the Erciyes University Scientific Research Projects Unit. Thanks to the Kara research group for their teamwork. Part of this study was presented at the 2nd International Animal Nutrition Congress (Antalya, Türkiye, November 01–04, 2018) and 5th International Agriculture Congress (Istanbul, Türkiye, August 21–24, 2019).
The Authors declare that there is no conflict of interest.
Abolfazl A.G., Sis N.M., Doust-Nobar R.S., Ebrahimnezhad Y., Ghorbani A., 2020. Estimating nutritional value of wheat and barley grains by in vitro gas production technique using rumen and faeces liquor of Gezel rams. J. Anim. Environment. 12, 45–52, https://doi.org/10.22034/aej.2...
An V., Evelien D., Katrien B., 2012. Life cycle assessment study of starch products for the European starch industry association (AAF): sector study. 2011/TEM/R/104, August 2012. Boeretang (Belgium), https://www.starch.eu/wp-conte....
AOAC International, 1990. Official methods of analysis. 15th Edition. Association of Official Analytical Chemists, Inc. Arlington, VA (USA)
Dhingra D., Michael M., Rajput H., Chopra S., 2013. Utilization of potato processing waste for compound cattle feed. Agr. Eng. Today 37, 40–45
Duynisveld J.L., Charmley E., 2018. Potato processing waste in beef finishing diets; effects on performance, carcass and meat quality. Anim. Prod. Sci. 58, 546–552, https://doi.org/10.1071/AN1623...
Fiems L.O., De Boever J.L., Vanacker J.M., De Brabander D.L., 2013. Effect of cull potatoes in the diet for finishing Belgian Blue double-muscled cows. Animal 7, 93–100, https://doi.org/10.1017/S17517...
Gélinas P., Barrette J., 2007. Protein enrichment of potato processing waste through yeast fermentation. Bioresour. Technol., 98, 1138–1143, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bior...
Grommers H.E., van der Krogt D.A., 2009. Potato Starch: Production, Modifications and Uses. In: J. BeMiller, R. Whistler (Editors). Starch Chemistry and Technology. Food Science and Technology (Third Edition). Academic Press. Cambridge, MA (USA), pp. 511–539, https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0...
Kara K., 2015. In vitro methane production and quality of maize silage treated with maleic acid. Italian J. Anim. Sci. 14, 714–722, https://doi.org/10.4081/ijas.2...
Kasapidou E., Sossidou E., Mitlianga P., 2014. Fruit and vegetable processing by-co-products: can they be used as functional feed ingredients in animal nutrition to produce novel value-added products. In: 3rd International ISEKI Food Conference. May 21–23, 2014. Athens (Greece)
Kowalczewski P.Ł., Olejnik A., Białas W., Rybicka I., Zielińska-Dawidziak M., Siger A., Kubiak P., Lewandowicz G., 2019. The nutritional value and biological activity of concentrated protein fraction of potato juice. Nutrients 11, 1523, https://doi.org/10.3390/nu1107...
Li Y., Liu B., Song J., Jiang C., Yang Q., 2015. Utilization of potato starch processing wastes to produce animal feed with high lysine content. J. Microbiol. Biotechnol. 25, 178–184, https://doi.org/10.4014/jmb.14...
Makkar H.P.S., Becker K., 1996. Nutritional value and antinutritional components of whole and ethanol extracted Moringa oleifera leaves. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol. 63, 211–228, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0377-...
Mayer F., 1998. Potato pulp: Properties, physical modification and applications. Polym. Degrad. Stab. 59, 231–235, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0141-...
Menke H.H., Steingass H., 1988. Estimation of the energetic feed value obtained from chemical analysis and in vitro gas production using rumen fluid. Anim. Res. Develop. 28, 7–55
Menke K.H., Raab L., Salewski A., Steingass H., Fritz D., Schneider W., 1979. The estimation of the digestibility and metabolizable energy content of ruminant feedstuffs from the gas production when they are incubated with rumen liquor. J. Agr. Sci. 93, 217–222, https://doi.org/10.1017/S00218...
NRC (National Research Council), 2001. Nutrient Requirements of Dairy Cattle. 7th Revised Edition. The National Academies Press. Washington, DC (USA), https://doi.org/10.17226/9825
Ozdemir P., Basmacıoglu-Malayoglu H., 2017. Potato processing industry by-products and their evaluation in animal nutrition. Turk. J. Agr. Food Sci. Tech. 5, 93–97, https://doi.org/10.24925/turja...
Pandey P., Sirohi S.K., Goel N., Mohini M., 2012. Effect of addition of propionic acid on in vitro dry matter digestibility, methane production and rumen fermentation in mixed diets containing wheat straw with sorghum or berseem as roughage source. Wayamba J. Anim. Sci. 4, 282–288, https://wayambajournal.com/pap...
Pęksa A., Miedzianka J., 2021. Potato industry by-products as a source of protein with beneficial nutritional, functional, health-promoting and antimicrobial properties. Appl. Sci. 11, 3497, https://doi.org/10.3390/app110...
Ratnayake W.S., Jackson D.S., 2003. Starch: Sources and Processing. In: B. Caballero (Editor). Encyclopedia of Food Sciences and Nutrition (Second Edition). Academic Press. Cambridge, MA (USA), pp. 5567–5572, https://doi.org/10.1016/B0-12-...
S.P.S.S., 2017. IBM SPSS Statistics for Windows, Version 17.0. IBM Co., Armonk, NY (USA)
Şenyüz H.H., Karslı M.A., 2020. The substitution of maize silage with potato pulp silage at differing level in dairy cows on milk yield, composition and rumen volatile fatty acids. Erciyes Univ. Vet. Fak. Derg. 18, 1–10, https://doi.org/10.32707/erciv...
Stearns L.D., Petry T.A., Krause M.A., 1994. Potential food and non-food utilization of potatoes and related by-products in North Dakota. Agr. Eco. Rep. 322, 1–60
Van den Broek L.A.M., Pouvreau L., Lommerse G., Shipper B., van Koningsveld G.A., Gruppen H., 2004. Structural characterization of potato protease inhibitor I (cv. Bintje) after expression in Pichia pastoris. J. Agric. Food Chem. 52, 4928–4934, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf0498...
Van Soest P.J., Robertson J.B., Lewis B.A., 1991. Methods for dietary fiber, neutral detergent fiber and non starch polysaccharides in relation to animal nutrition. J. Dairy Sci. 74, 3583–3597, https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.S0...
Comparative Analysis of In Vitro Fermentation Parameters in Total Mixed Rations of Dairy Cows with Varied Levels of Defatted Black Soldier Fly Larvae (Hermetia illucens) as a Substitute for Soybean Meal
Oğuzhan Kahraman, Nurettin Gülşen, Fatma İnal, Mustafa Alataş, Zekeriya İnanç, İbrar Ahmed, Deniz Şişman, Atalay Küçük
Comparison between Organic and Inorganic Zinc Forms and Their Combinations with Various Dietary Fibers in Respect of the Effects on Electrolyte Concentrations and Mucosa in the Large Intestine of Pigs
Marcin Barszcz, Kamil Gawin, Anna Tuśnio, Adrianna Konopka, Ewa Święch, Marcin Taciak, Jacek Skomiał, Katarina Tokarčiková, Klaudia Čobanová, Ľubomira Grešáková
International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Journals System - logo
Scroll to top