Pro- and prebiotics in pig nutrition - potential modulators of gut health?
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Institute of Animal Nutrition, Hohenheim University, D-70593 Stuttgart, Germany
Publication date: 2001-01-31
J. Anim. Feed Sci. 2001;10(1):47-56
The stressful physiological and environmental conditions experienced in particular by young pigs promote the proliferation of pathogens in the digestive tract. Probiotics, such as lactic acid-producing bacteria, Bacillus spp. and yeast have been reported to improve microbial balance in the gastrointestinal tract through bacterial antagonisms, competitive exclusion and immune stimulation. Prebiotics which include non-digestible oligosaccharides may control or manipulate microbial composition and/or activity, thereby assisting to maintain a beneficial microflora that suppresses through different regulatory mechanisms the growth of pathogens. The combination of probiotics and prebiotics, also referred to as synbiotics, may improve the survival rate of probiotics during their passage through the digestive tract, thus contributing to the stabilization and/or enhancement of the probiotic effects.
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