1.054
IF5
1.150
IF
Q3
JCR
1.7
CiteScore
0.396
SJR
Q2
SJR
40
MNiSW
148.75
ICV
ORIGINAL PAPER
 
CC-BY 4.0
 
 

Improved performance due to dietary supplementation with selected herbal extracts of broiler chickens infected with Eimeria spp.

 
1
National Research Institute of Animal Production, Department of Animal Nutrition and Feed Science, Krakowska 1, 32-083 Balice, Poland
J. Anim. Feed Sci. 2013;22(3):257–263
Publication date: 2013-09-02
KEYWORDS
ABSTRACT
The aim of the study was to investigate the effect of dietary herbal extracts derived from garlic (Allium sativum), rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis), sage (Salvia officinalis), oregano (Origanum vulgare), nettle (Urtica dioica), purple coneflower (Echinacea purpurea), or thyme (Thymus vulgaris) on the performance indices and oocyst output in broilers experimentally infected with 190 000 oocysts of Eimeria spp. on day 12 of age. A total of 400 one-day-old Ross 308 broiler chicks was randomly allocated into 10 groups with 5 replicates (cages) of 8 chickens per replicate. Two of the groups, one challenged and the other not, were given a basal maize-soyabean meal diet without any additives; one of the challenged groups was administered a basal diet with the coccidiostat diclazuril (1 mg · kg−1) and the remaining birds of the infected groups were given a diet supplemented with one of the tested herbal extracts at a level of 750 mg · kg−1. Throughout the 42 days of the experiment, performance parameters, mortality, oocyst output, and slaughter indices were recorded. Among the tested herbal extracts, in the first rearing period (9 d post infection), only garlic and sage extracts alleviated the negative effect of infection, as shown by the increase in body weight gain to the level recorded in the coccidiostat-supplemented group and, in the case of garlic extract, by lower mortality. In the second and entire experimental period, dietary supplementation with the herbal extracts improved the growth performance of infected chickens to the level obtained in the groups infected and fed the coccidiostat or the uninfected and unsupplemented ones, but there was no positive effect of extracts on oocyst output. It is concluded that the herbal extracts tested in the current study do not prevent coccidiosis induced by high-pathogenic field Eimeria spp., although they have a beneficial effect on recovery after infection, which was expressed by the favourable impact on compensatory growth and, thus, on the final performance indices.
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
A. Arczewska-Włosek   
National Research Institute of Animal Production, Department of Animal Nutrition and Feed Science, Krakowska 1, 32-083 Balice, Poland
 
CITATIONS (9):
1. Herbal Remedies for Coccidiosis Control: A Review of Plants, Compounds, and Anticoccidial Actions
Thangarasu Muthamilselvan, Tien-Fen Kuo, Yueh-Chen Wu, Wen-Chin Yang
Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine
2. The potential of antioxidant rich essential oils against avian coccidiosis
M. IDRIS, R.Z. ABBAS, S. MASOOD, T. REHMAN, U. FAROOQ, W. BABAR, R. HUSSAIN, A. RAZA, U. RIAZ
World's Poultry Science Journal
3. Antioxidant Enzyme Activity and Meat Quality of Meat Type Ducks Fed with Dried Oregano (Origanum vulgare L.) Powder
J. H. Park, S. N. Kang, D. Shin, K. S. Shim
Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
4. The Effect of Amaranth Seeds, Sea Buckthorn Pomace and Black Chokeberry Pomace in Feed Mixtures for Broiler Chickens on Productive Performance, Carcass Characteristics and Selected Indicators of Meat Quality
Sylwia Orczewska-Dudek, Mariusz Pietras, Joanna Nowak
Annals of Animal Science
5. Bacillus amyloliquefaciens CECT 5940 alone or in combination with antibiotic growth promoters improves performance in broilers under enteric pathogen challenge
Oliveira de, Nilva Sakomura, Paula de, Kiran Doranalli, Letícia Soares, Gabriel Viana
Poultry Science
6. Effect of thymol on the broiler chicken antioxidative defence system after sustained dietary thyme oil application
I. Placha, V. Ocelova, R. Chizzola, G. Battelli, F. Gai, K. Bacova, S. Faix
British Poultry Science
7. Efficacy of a commercial herbal formula in chicken experimental coccidiosis
Loredana Pop, Erzsébet Varga, Mircea Coroian, Maria Nedișan, Viorica Mircean, Mirabela Dumitrache, Lénárd Farczádi, Ibolya Fülöp, Mircea Croitoru, Mihaly Fazakas, Adriana Gyӧrke
Parasites & Vectors
8. Dietary use of Rosmarinus officinalis and Thymus vulgaris as anticoccidial alternatives in poultry
Lahlou Aitfella, Mustapha Bounechada, Arezki Mohammedi, Luís Silva, Gilberto Alves
Animal Feed Science and Technology
9. Effect of feed supplementation with three different probiotic Bacillus strains and their combination on the performance of broiler chickens challenged with Clostridium perfringens
Dorthe Sandvang, Line Skjoet-Rasmussen, Mette Cantor, Greg Mathis, Brett Lumpkins, Alfred Blanch
Poultry Science
ISSN:1230-1388