Effect of dilution of broiler chicken diet with cracked maize on performance and intestinal morphology
K. Jelveh 1,   B. Rasouli 1,   A. Seidavi 1  
,   P. Makovicky 2,   E. Hatzigiannakis 3,   C. Milis 4
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Rasht Branch, Islamic Azad University, Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Animal Science Pole-Taleshan, Rasht, P.O. Box: 41335-3516, Iran
J. Selye University, Department of Biology, Bratislava 3322, 94501 Komárno, Hradná 21, Slovakia
National Agricultural Research Foundation, Soil and Water Resources Institute, 57400, Sindos Thessaloniki, Greece
Hellenic Ministry of Rural Development and Foods, Department of Agricultural Applications of Central Macedonia 57400, Sindos Thessaloniki, Greece
A. Seidavi   

Rasht Branch, Islamic Azad University, Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Animal Science Pole-Taleshan, Rasht, P.O. Box: 41335-3516, Iran
Publication date: 2020-09-30
J. Anim. Feed Sci. 2020;29(3):250–257
The aim of the study was to evaluate the effects of dilution of broiler diet with cracked maize on performance and intestinal morphology. In total 576 male Ross 308 broiler chickens (10 day old) were used in the study. Animals according to a completely randomized trial were assigned to four treatment groups with 8 replications each. Diets differing in cracked maize levels were: 1) control (CON) – without cracked maize, 2) low dilution rate (LDR) – CON + 4 (day 10–20 of age, 1st period), 8 (days 21–30 of age, 2nd period) and 12% (day 31–42 of age, 3rd period) of cracked maize, 3) medium dilution rate (MDR) – CON + 6 (1st period), 12 (2nd period) and 20% (3rd period) of cracked maize, 4) high dilution rate (HDR) – CON + 6 (1st period), 15 (2nd period) and 25% (3rd period) of cracked maize. Body weight gain and feed intake did not differ between treatments. Feed conversion ratio was positively affected in the treatments diluted with cracked maize. These effects were visible in the higher relative weight of gizzard and villi height in the duodenum and ileum (P < 0.05) in groups fed LDR, MDR and HDR diets in comparison to those fed CON diet.
Financial support by Rasht Branch, Islamic gratefully acknowledged.
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