ORIGINAL PAPER
Effects of feeding a fermented product on egg production, faecal microflora and faecal pH in laying hens
T. C. Loh 1  
,   F. L. Law 1,   H. L. Foo 2, 3,   Y. M. Goh 2,   I. Zulkifli 1
 
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1
University Putra Malaysia, Department of Animal Science, 43300 Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia
2
University Putra Malaysia, Department of Veterinary Preclinical Sciences, 43300 Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia
3
University Putra Malaysia, Institute of Bioscience, 43300 Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
T. C. Loh   

University Putra Malaysia, Department of Animal Science, 43300 Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia
Publication date: 2007-09-06
 
J. Anim. Feed Sci. 2007;16(3):452–462
 
KEYWORDS
ABSTRACT
This study was conducted to investigate the effects of feeding fermented product (FP) to layers on laying performance, faecal microflora and pH. A total of 96, 13-week-old Babcock B380 pullets were used in the study. They were randomly assigned to four numerically equal groups with eight replicates per treatment, three birds per replicate. All the birds were caged individually. The treatments consisted of Diet 1 (Control), without FP, Diet 2 (FP3) contained 3% (w/w) FP (30g FP/kg diet), Diet 3 (FP6) contained 6% (w/w) FP (60 g FP/kg diet) and Diet 4 (FP9) contained 9% (w/w) FP (90 g FP/kg diet). The study was conducted for 14 weeks with 2 weeks of acclimatization. Fresh faecal samples were collected fortnightly started from 15 weeks of age. The feed intake, egg production, feed conversion ratio (feed intake, g/egg mass, g), egg mass (egg x egg production/100) and egg weight were not affected by the addition of FP at any level in the diets. However, the egg weight for FP6 was significantly higher than FP9. The faeces samples were cultured for lactic acid bacteria (LAB) and Enterobacteriaceae. The results obtained from this study showed that FP reduced (P<0.05) the faecal Enterobacteriaceae and pH value. Higher (P<0.05) counts of faecal LAB in layers fed with FP were observed. In conclusions, these results indicate that FP could be included up to 6% in the diets of layers contributed to heavier egg weight and shifting the microflora composition of the layers’ gastrointestinal tract toward a beneficial balance.
 
CITATIONS (8):
1.
Effect of yeast with bacteriocin from rumen bacteria on laying performance, blood biochemistry, faecal microbiota and egg quality of laying hens
H. T. Wang, W. Y. Shih, S. W. Chen, S. Y. Wang
Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
 
2.
Feeding of different levels of metabolite combinations produced byLactobacillus plantarumon growth performance, fecal microflora, volatile fatty acids and villi height in broilers
Teck C. LOH, Nguyen T. THANH, Hooi L. FOO, Mohd HAIR-BEJO, Bin K. AZHAR
Animal Science Journal
 
3.
Recent advances in fermented feeds towards improved broiler chicken performance, gastrointestinal tract microecology and immune responses: A review
Sugiharto Sugiharto, Samir Ranjitkar
Animal Nutrition
 
4.
Fermented feed for laying hens: effects on egg production, egg quality, plumage condition and composition and activity of the intestinal microflora
R.M. Engberg, M. Hammersh⊘j, N.F. Johansen, M.S. Abousekken, S. Steenfeldt, B.B. Jensen
British Poultry Science
 
5.
Effects of feeding metabolite combinations produced byLactobacillus plantarumon growth performance, faecal microbial population, small intestine villus height and faecal volatile fatty acids in broilers
N.T. Thanh, T.C. Loh, H.L. Foo, M. Hair-bejo, B.K. Azhar
British Poultry Science
 
6.
Egg production, faecal pH and microbial population, small intestine morphology, and plasma and yolk cholesterol in laying hens given liquid metabolites produced byLactobacillus plantarumstrains
D.W. Choe, T.C. Loh, H.L. Foo, M. Hair-Bejo, Q.S. Awis
British Poultry Science
 
7.
Is Palm Kernel Cake a Suitable Alternative Feed Ingredient for Poultry?
Mohammad Azizi, Teck Loh, Hooi Foo, Chung Teik
Animals
 
8.
Hematological and Intestinal Responses of Broilers to Dietary Supplementations of Lactic Fermented Turmeric, Black Pepper or a Mixture of Both
Sugiharto Sugiharto, Endang Widiastuti, Pratama Robby, Hanny Wahyuni, Turrini Yudiarti, Sartono Agus
Acta Universitatis Agriculturae et Silviculturae Mendelianae Brunensis
 
ISSN:1230-1388