ORIGINAL PAPER
Effects of fermented products on performance, faecal pH, Enterobacteriaceae and lactic acid bacteria counts and interrelationships, and plasma cholesterol concentration in rats
T. C. Loh 1  
,   H. L. Foo 2,   S. H. Tan 3,   Y. M. Goh 3,   M. H. Shukriyah 1,   C. N. Kufli 3
 
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1
Department of Animal Science, 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia
2
Department of Biotechnology, 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia
3
Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
T. C. Loh   

Department of Animal Science, 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia
Publication date: 2003-07-15
 
J. Anim. Feed Sci. 2003;12(3):633–644
 
KEYWORDS
ABSTRACT
Fermented products (FP), a mixed product of raw fish, sea weed, rice bran, sugar cane juice, were obtained in a process of fermentation using combination of cultures of lactic acid bacteria (LAB). The objectives of this study were to assess the effects of diets with different levels of FP on performance, faecal pH, Enterobacteriaceae and LAB counts and their relationships, and plasma cholesterol concentration in rats. A total of 24 Sprague Dawley (10 weeks of age) female rats were assigned individually into three groups of 8 rats per treatment. The three dietary treatments were: 1. control diet (basal diet), 2. basal diet + 10% FP and 3. basal diet + 20% FP. The final liveweight, growth rate, total feed intake and feed conversion ratio were not significantly different for all the treatment groups. Addition of FP to the diets reduced the Enterobacteriaceae population in faeces of the rats and significantly (P<0.05) increased numbers of LAB as compared with control rats. The faecal pH in rats fed with FP was more acidic than in rats fed with basal diet. The correlation analyses between LAB counts and Enterobacteriaceae counts, LAB counts and faecal pH and Enterobacteriaceae counts and faecal pH, suggest that FP provides an acidic environment, which encourages the growth of LAB and then leads to the inhibition of Enterobacteriaceae growth. The plasma cholesterol concentrations for rats fed with FP were significantly lower than that of control rats.
 
CITATIONS (8):
1.
Feeding of different levels of metabolite combinations produced byLactobacillus plantarumon growth performance, fecal microflora, volatile fatty acids and villi height in broilers
Teck C. LOH, Nguyen T. THANH, Hooi L. FOO, Mohd HAIR-BEJO, Bin K. AZHAR
Animal Science Journal
 
2.
Effects of feeding metabolite combinations from lactobacillus plantarum on plasma and breast meat lipids in Broiler Chickens
TC Loh, NT Thanh, HL Foo, M Hair-Bejo
Revista Brasileira de Ciência Avícola
 
3.
Effects of feeding fermented fish on egg cholesterol content in hens
Teck-Chwen LOH, Fang-Ling LAW, Yong-Meng GOH, Hooi-Ling FOO, Idrus ZULKIFLI
Animal Science Journal
 
4.
Strain-Specific Quantification of Native Probiotic Bacillus spp. and Their Effect on Liver Function and Gut Microflora of Experimental Rats
Papanna Shobharani, Serva P Muthukumar, Dhanya Kizhakayil, Prakash M Halami
Probiotics and Antimicrobial Proteins
 
5.
Effects of feeding metabolite combinations produced byLactobacillus plantarumon growth performance, faecal microbial population, small intestine villus height and faecal volatile fatty acids in broilers
N.T. Thanh, T.C. Loh, H.L. Foo, M. Hair-bejo, B.K. Azhar
British Poultry Science
 
6.
Growth Performance and Fecal Microflora of Rats Offered Metabolites from Lactic Acid Bacteria
T. Loh, T. Lee, H. Foo, F. Law, M. Ajion
Journal of Applied Animal Research
 
7.
Gut microflora and intestinal morphology changes of broiler chickens fed reducing dietary protein supplemented with lysine, methionine, and threonine in tropical environment
Nurhazirah Shazali, Teck Loh, Hooi Foo, Anjas Samsudin
Revista Brasileira de Zootecnia
 
8.
Is Palm Kernel Cake a Suitable Alternative Feed Ingredient for Poultry?
Mohammad Azizi, Teck Loh, Hooi Foo, Chung Teik
Animals
 
ISSN:1230-1388