0.857
IF5
0.900
IF
Q3
JCR
0.92
CiteScore
0.405
SJR
Q2
SJR
20
MNiSW
165.24
ICV
SHORT COMMUNICATION
 
CC-BY 4.0
 
 

The influence of extrusion of faba bean seeds and supplementation of sulphur amino acids on performance, pancreatic trypsin activity, and morphological parameters of the jejunum in rats

M. Leontowicz 1,  
H. Leontowicz 1,  
M. Biernat 2,  
M. A. Gralak 1,  
H. Kostyra 3,  
 
1
Department of Physiology, Biochemistry, Pharmacology and Toxicology, Warsaw Agricultural University, Nowoursynowska 166, 02-787 Warszawa, Poland
2
Department of Anatomy, Histology and Embryology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Warsaw Agricultural University, Nowoursynowska 166, 02-787 Warszawa, Poland
3
Division of Food Science, Institute of Animal Reproduction and Food Research, Polish Academy of Sciences, Tuwima 10, 10-718 Olsztyn, Poland
J. Anim. Feed Sci. 2001;10(Suppl. 2):323–329
Publish date: 2001-06-28
KEYWORDS
ABSTRACT
The effect of extrusion of faba bean seeds and supplementation of sulphur amino acids (AA) on trypsin inhibitor (TI) and lectin activity, and the histology and microbiology of the jejunum were studied. Male Wistar rats were fed semi-purified diets containing 10% faba bean seeds, either raw (R) or extruded at 160°C (E); the diets were either unsupplemented or supplemented with 0.3% sulphur AA (met + cys, 1:1). Extrusion reduced TI activity of seeds from 1.8 (FR) to 0.5 with TlU/mg (FE) and completely eliminated agglutination activity against human red blood cells (RBC). Extrusion of faba bean seeds did not affect rat performance or pancreatic trypsin activity (5255 vs 4065 U/ 100 g protein), and decreased (P < 0.05) dry matter digestibility (89.7 vs 92.9%). Supplementing sulphur amino acids improved performance of rats fed both raw and extruded seeds. Extrusion of faba bean and supplementing sulphur amino acids significantly improved intestinal crypt depth, villi length and width
 
CITATIONS (1):
1. Influence of a low dose of dietary soybean on bone properties and mineral status in young rats
Agnieszka Wanda Piastowska-Ciesielska, Mikolaj Antoni Gralak
BioFactors
ISSN:1230-1388