The influence of phytogenic extracts on performance, nutrient digestibility, carcass characteristics, and gut microbial status in broiler chickens
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Department of Animal Nutrition and Feed Quality, Wrocław Agricultural University, Chełmońskiego 38D, 51-630 Wrocław, Poland
Axiss France SAS, Site D’Archamps-Immeuble ABC 1, Archamps, Allee A, F-74160, France
Publication date: 2003-07-15
J. Anim. Feed Sci. 2003;12(3):583-596
One thousand five hundred and forty Hybro HI-YR broilers were used in the study. One-day-old chickens were allocated to four groups; in the pen trial each group comprised 5 replications with 56 birds, in the digestibility trial there were 7 replications with 15 birds. The dietary treatments were as follows: unsupplemented control wheat-barley diet or the same diet supplemented with 10 ppm avilamycin, 150 ppm or 300 ppm of plant extract (XT) containing capsaicin (1.98 g/100 g), carvacrol (4.95 g/100 g) and cinnamic aldehyde (2.97 g/100 g). Performance was determined on days 21 and 48. After slaughter the rectum content was collected for E. coli and Clostridium perfringens assay; slaughter yield and sensorial evaluation of breast and thigh muscles were performed on 16 birds per group. In the digestibility trial, on days 21 and 32 of life, after slaughter the apparent ileal digestibility of nutrients and amino acids was estimated on 28 birds per group. In comparison with the control group, up to day 21 of life the administration of feed antibiotic and 150 ppm or 300 ppm of plant extract enhanced body weight by 4.7, 5.4 and 8.1% (P<0.01) and improved the feed conversion ratio by 5.8, 3.1 and 7.1%, respectively (P<0.05). The mortality and culling rate was low (1.8-2.5%). At 48 days of age, performance in groups as well as carcass characteristics were less diversified, only a slightly higher breast muscle share was obtained in the experimental groups. Sensorial characteristics of the breast and thigh meat were best in the group receiving 300 ppm XT. In all supplemented groups the number of E. coli and Clostridium perfringens in rectal contents was significantly lower than in the control group; supplementation of the diet with 300 ppm XT and feed antibiotic had a similar effect on the number of evaluated microorganisms. Apparent ileal digestibility of nitrogen, nutrients, and amino acids, particularly of threonine, serine, asparagine, phenylalanine, histidine and lysine, in 21-day-old chickens was positively affected by XT supplementation. The coefficients of apparent ileal digestibility of nutrients in older birds (32-day-old) in groups fed diets with XT or feed antibiotic were similar.
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Alireza Seidavi, Masoomeh Tavakoli, Fariborz Asroosh, Colin Scanes, El-Hack Abd, Mohammed Naiel, Ayman Taha, Lotfi Aleya, Khaled El-Tarabily, Ayman Swelum
Environmental Science and Pollution Research
Essential Oil Delivery Route: Effect on Broiler Chicken’s Growth Performance, Blood Biochemistry, Intestinal Morphology, Immune, and Antioxidant Status
Samson Oladokun, Janice MacIsaac, Bruce Rathgeber, Deborah Adewole
A review of hot and sweet pepper added in animal nutrition: alternative against the use of antibiotics
L.B Flores-Tejeida, G.M Soto-Zarazua, R.G Guevara-Gonzalez, A. Escamilla-Garcia, J.G Gomez-Soto
2018 XIV International Engineering Congress (CONIIN)
Nature-identical compounds as feed additives in aquaculture
Beltrán García, María Esteban
Fish & Shellfish Immunology
Analysis of the phytochemicals of Coriandrum sativum and Cichorium intybus aqueous extracts and their biological effects on broiler chickens
Hanaa Gazwi, Magda Mahmoud, Enas Toson
Scientific Reports
Encapsulation of essential oils of rosemary (
Ali Mousapour, Mohamad Salarmoini, Mohsen Afsharmanesh, Hadi Ebrahimnejad, Amir Meimandipour, Negin Amiri, Kris Angkanaporn
Animal Production Science
Use of ginger and cinnamon oils mixture as a natural alternative to antibiotics in quail feed
Etab Al-Ghamdi
Rendiconti Lincei. Scienze Fisiche e Naturali
Effect of dual herb combinations on the growth performance, benefit cost ratio, blood profile, meat sensory qualities of broiler chickens
The Indian Journal of Animal Sciences
Effects of dietary supplementation with a blend of functional oils to fecal microbiota, and inflammatory and oxidative responses, of dogs submitted to a periodontal surgical challenge
Santos dos, Nayara Soares, Taís Bastos, Gislaine Kaelle, Oliveira de, Felix Félix
Animal Feed Science and Technology
Impact of Supplementing Phytobiotics as a Substitute for Antibiotics in Broiler Chicken Feed on Growth Performance, Nutrient Digestibility, and Biochemical Parameters
Anastasiya Zaikina, Nikolai Buryakov, Maria Buryakova, Artem Zagarin, Artem Razhev, Dmitrii Aleshin
Veterinary Sciences
The influence of baical skullcap root (Scutellaria baicalensis radix) in the diet of broiler chickens on the chemical composition of the muscles, selected performance traits of the animals and the sensory characteristics of the meat
B. Kroliczewska, W. Zawadzki, T. Skiba, W. Kopec, J. Kroliczewski
Veterinární medicína
Application of herbs and their derivatives in broiler chickens: a review
Majid Rafeeq, Rana Bilal, Fiza Batool, Kashif Yameen, Mayada Farag, Mahmoud Madkour, Shaaban Elnesr, Nahed El-Shall, Kuldeep Dhama, Mahmoud Alagawany
World's Poultry Science Journal
Effect of citrus-coconut electrolyte blend on growth performance, haemato-biochemical status, organs development and intestinal morphology of broiler chickens
Kamorudeen Safiyu, Kehinde Akinsola, Abuchi Ibedu, Chibuike Ariwodo, Rahman Onabanjo, Olajide Sogunle
Tropical Animal Health and Production
Safety assessment of the functional feed additive phenylcapsaicin in a commercial broiler diet
Torbjørn Paulsen, Knut Jensen, Harn van, Teun Veldkamp
Toxicology Research and Application
Effects of microencapsulated carvacrol and cinnamaldehyde on feed digestibility, intestinal mucosa, and biochemical and antioxidant parameters in broilers
Caroline Facchi, Fernanda Valentini, Heloísa Pagnussatt, Felipe Leite, Alicia Santo, Edemar Aniecevski, Gabriel Rossato, Gustavo Zaccaron, Davi Alba, Carine Milarch, Rafaella Petrolli, Gabriela Galli, Aleksandro Silva, Fernando Tavernari, Tiago Petrolli
Revista Brasileira de Zootecnia
Feasibility of Replacing Ethanolic Extract of Echinophora platyloba with Antibiotic Growth Promoter in Broilers
Fazlollah Papi, Milad Manafi, Meysam Abbasi
Research on Animal Production
Effect of sun dried whole bulb garlic powder on nutrient utilization, blood parameters, duodenum morphology and faecal microbial load in broiler chickens
The Indian Journal of Animal Sciences
Nutrient digestibility, gut microflora, carcass yield, and meat microbiology of broilers fed diets supplemented Ethiopian pepper (Xylopia aethiopica), cloves (Syzygium aromaticum), and their composite
Gabriel Williams, Abimbola Oso, Ayotunde Mafimidiwo, Wasiu Olayemi, Obafemi Akinjute, Adebayo Isaque, Oluwaseyi Williams, Joshua Ogunrombi
Tropical Animal Health and Production
Bıldırcın Rasyonlarına Nane Yağı İlavesinin Besi Performansı, Et Kalitesi, Karkas Kompozisyonu ve Oksidadif Stres Belirleyicileri Üzerine Etkisi
DAŞ DOĞAN, Aydın DAŞ, İsmail KOYUNCU, Osman BİLAL, Mehmet ÇETİN, Nurcan KIRAR, Tuncay TUFAN, Ahmet ŞENGÜL
Türk Tarım ve Doğa Bilimleri Dergisi
Animal Nutrition - Annual Volume 2023 [Working Title]
Ipçak Hüseyin
Effect of Adding a Phytogenic Plant Additive (PFA) in some Productive Traits of Broiler Chickens
Magareb Jader, Jafer Jassim
IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science
The potential of Spirulina platensis to substitute antibiotics in Japanese quail diets: impacts on growth, carcass traits, antioxidant status, blood biochemical parameters, and caecal microorganisms
Mashail Alghamdi, Fayiz Reda, Hemat Mahmoud, Safia Bahshwan, Heba Salem, Wafaa Alhazmi, Abel-Fattah Soror, Nadeen Mostafa, Sally Attia, Mazhar Mohamed, Ahmed Saad, Khaled El-Tarabily, Asmaa Abdelgeliel
Poultry Science
Does dietary supplementation with lettuce seed oil enhance broiler performance, immunity, lipid profile, liver and kidney functions, antioxidant parameters and intestinal microbiota?
Mohamed Soliman, Shaza Qattan, Fayiz Reda, Laila Mohamed, Samir Mahgoub, Sarah Othman, Ahmed Allam, Guillermo Tellez-Isaias, Mahmoud Alagawany
Poultry Science
Insoluble fibre and enzyme supplementation in mash or pellets diets on growth performance, apparent ileal digestibility and intestinal morphology of broiler chickens fed barley containing diets
Zeinab Pourazadi, Somayyeh Salari, Mohammad Reza Tabandeh, Mohammad Reza Abdollahi
Veterinary Medicine and Science
Validating the use of a newly developed cinnamaldehyde product in commercial broiler production
Heng Kang, Qi Wang, Hai Yu, Qian Guo, LIoyd Weber, Wendy Wu, Dion Lepp, Steve W. Cui, Moussa S. Diarra, Huaizhi Liu, Suqin Shao, Joshua Gong
Poultry Science
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