The effect of different dietary sodium levels on the growth performance of broiler chickens, gastrointestinal function, excreta moisture and tibia mineralization
More details
Hide details
University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn, Department of Poultry Science, Oczapowskiego 5, 10-718 Olsztyn, Poland
Institute of Animal Reproduction and Food Research, Polish Academy of Sciences, Tuwima 10, 10-747 Olsztyn, Poland
Publication date: 2011-03-12
Corresponding author
J. Jankowski   

University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn, Department of Poultry Science, Oczapowskiego 5, 10-718 Olsztyn, Poland
J. Anim. Feed Sci. 2011;20(1):93-106
The objective of this study was to determine the response of broiler chickens to different dietary sodium (Na) levels. The experiment was performed on 432 male Ross 308 chickens, kept in three-tier battery cages, each with a floor area of 0.5 m2. The chickens were divided into six experimental groups of eight replicates, each of nine birds. Six experimental diets were prepared: a basal diet without additional Na source and diets supplemented with NaCl in the amount of 0.52, 1.03, 1.54, 2.05 and 2.54 g/kg in the starter period (1-14 days) and 1.27, 2.54, 3.82, 5.09 and 6.36 g/kg in the grower period (15-35 days). The dietary Na, Cl and K content was 0.22-2.61, 1.11-4.81 and 8.76-9.61 g/kg, respectively. Dietary electrolyte balance (DEB), defined as Na+ + K+ - Cl-, averaged 210 mEq/kg in all diets. The Na content of basal diets was very low (0.33 g/kg in starter diets and 0.22 g/kg in grower diets). It inhibited the growth of broilers despite a high DEB resulting from a high K content (about 9 g/kg). The addition of NaCl to starter diets significantly increased the body weight (BW) of chickens, but only to the amount of 1.1 g Na per kg feed. The addition of 2.54 g NaCl per kg grower diets increased the Na and Cl content of the diet to 1.16 g/kg and 2.68 g/kg, respectively, leading to a significant improvement in overall production results, slaughter value and tibia mineralization, without negative effect on excreta moisture. A further increase in the Na content of grower diets (to 1.69, 2.18 and 2.61 g/kg, respectively), accompanied by an increase in Cl concentrations (to 3.38, 4.11 and 4.81 g/kg, respectively) did not increase the BW of chickens, feed conversion efficiency and slaughter value, while it increased excreta moisture and decreased parameters characterizing the mineralization and elasticity of the tibia in birds fed a diet with the highest Na content (2.61 g/kg). As compared to the group fed the basal diet, the medium and highest Na dosages significantly decreased pH and dry matter concentration of small intestine contents; the treatment with the highest dietary Na levels stimulated bacterial β-glucosidase and β-glucuronidase, yet it did not increase the caecal short-chain fatty acids concentration.
Tolerance and safety evaluation of N, N-dimethylglycine, a naturally occurring organic compound, as a feed additive in broiler diets
Isabelle D. Kalmar, Martin W. A. Verstegen, Klaus Maenner, Jurgen Zentek, Godelieve Meulemans, Geert P. J. Janssens
British Journal of Nutrition
Effect of different levels of dietary sodium from sodium chloride on gastrointestinal tract response, tibia mineralization, and footpad dermatitis incidence in young turkeys
J. Jankowski, Z. Zdu czyk, K. Lichtorowicz, J. Juskiewicz
The Journal of Applied Poultry Research
Electrolytes, dietary electrolyte balance and salts in broilers: an updated review on growth performance, water intake and litter quality
World's Poultry Science Journal
Physiological effects of the dietary application of quark produced with enzyme transglutaminase as a sole protein source in growing rats
Jerzy Juskiewicz, Zenon Zdunczyk, Krzysztof Bohdziewicz, Maria Baranowska
International Dairy Journal
Effects of the dietary level and source of sodium on growth performance, gastrointestinal digestion and meat characteristics in turkeys
J. Jankowski, J. Juśkiewicz, K. Lichtorowicz, Z. Zduńczyk
Animal Feed Science and Technology
Electrolytes, dietary electrolyte balance and salts in broilers: an updated review on acid-base balance, blood and carcass characteristics
World's Poultry Science Journal
Moisture content in broiler excreta is influenced by excreta nutrient contents1
E. van der Hoeven-Hangoor, N. D. Paton, I. B. van de Linde, M. W. A. Verstegen, W. H. Hendriks
Journal of Animal Science
The effect of different dietary sodium levels on blood mineral concentrations and tibia mineralization in turkeys
J. Jankowski, K. Lichtorowicz, Z. Zduńczyk, J. Juśkiewicz
Polish Journal of Veterinary Sciences
Effect of threonine and potassium carbonate supplementation on performance, immune response and bone parameters of broiler chickens
Sh. Zarrin-Kavyani, A. Khatibjoo, F. Fattahnia, K. Taherpour
Journal of Applied Animal Research
Handbook of nutrition and diet in therapy of bone diseases
J. Jankowski, Z. Zdunczyk
Effect of light intensity adjusted for species-specific spectral sensitivity on blood physiological variables of male broiler chickens1
H A Olanrewaju, J L Purswell, S D Collier, S L Branton
Poultry Science
Sodium and chloride requirements of yellow-feathered chickens between 22 and 42 days of age
S. Jiang, M. Azzam, H. Yu, Q. Fan, L. Li, Z. Gou, X. Lin, M. Liu, Z. Jiang
Which source and level of dietary sodium is appropriate for broiler chickens reared in a high‐altitude area?
Hamid Taheri, Hadi Nasiri, Rasoul Ahmadkhani
Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
Effect of different magnesium sources on digesta and excreta moisture content and production performance in broiler chickens
der van, de van, N.D. Paton, M.W.A. Verstegen, W.H. Hendriks
Poultry Science
The effect of different dietary levels of sodium and chloride on performance and blood parameters in goslings (1-28 days of age)
Yuanjing Chen, Haiming Yang, Xiaoli Wan, Yu Wan, Hang Zhang, Shuai Gong, Zhiyue Wang
Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
Effect of threonine and potassium carbonate on broiler chicken performance, immunity, carcass traits, and small intestine morphology
Shahin Zarrin-Kavyani, Ali Khatibjoo, Farshid Fattahnia, Kamran Taherpour
Tropical Animal Health and Production
Tolerance and safety evaluation of sodium sulfate: A subchronic study in laying hens
Bing Liu, Jiaming Zhu, Qin Zhou, Dongyou Yu
Animal Nutrition
The effect of different dietary levels of sodium and chloride on performance, blood parameters and excreta quality in goslings at 29 to 70 days of age
Yuanjing Chen, Zhiyue Wang, Zhi Yang, Yu Yang, Jinjin Yang, Houming Han, Haiming Yang
Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
Analysis of performance, bone characteristics, and expression of genes involved in the balance of ionic concentrations in broilers subjected to dietary electrolyte balance levels
André Araujo, Renan Araújo, Leilane Dourado, Jamille Machado, Geraldo Bayão, Lizandra Amoroso, Silvana Artoni, Antônio Shimano, Sousa Silva
British Poultry Science
Dietary requirements of sodium and chloride for slow-growing broiler breeds during finisher phase of production
H. Yu, M.M. Azzam, Y. Wang, X. Lin, A.H. Alqhtani, A. Al-Abdullatif, I.A. Alhidary, S. Jiang
Journal of Applied Poultry Research
An optimal dietary sodium chloride supplemental level of broiler chicks fed a corn-soybean meal diet from 1 to 21 days of age
Weiyun Zhang, Bingxin Wu, Wei Wu, Xiaoyan Cui, Ding Li, Feiyu Gao, Tingting Li, Ling Zhu, Yanqiang Geng, Liyang Zhang, Yun Hu, Xugang Luo
Frontiers in Veterinary Science
Effects of Dietary Sodium and Chloride on Slaughter Performance, Digestive Tract Development and Tibia Mineralization of Geese
Yuanjing Chen, Zhiyue Wang, Haiming Yang
Journals System - logo
Scroll to top