ORIGINAL PAPER
Performance, body nitrogen conversion and nitrogen emission from manure of dairy cows fed diets supplemented with different plant extracts
 
More details
Hide details
1
Institute of Animal Sciences, Animal Nutrition, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (ETH) Zurich, ETH Centre/LFW, CH-8092 Zurich, Switzerland
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
M. Kreuzer   

Swiss Centre for Agricultural Extension (LBL), CH-8315 Lindau, Switzerland
Publication date: 2004-01-14
 
J. Anim. Feed Sci. 2004;13(1):73–91
 
KEYWORDS
ABSTRACT
In two experiments with lactating cows the effect of supplemented small doses of essential oils (0.1 g extract/kg; experiment I), Yucca schidigera saponin (0.1 g extract/kg) or Castanea sativa wood tannin (4.9 g extract/kg) were compared with unsupplemented diets and a soyabean meal-supplemented diet (only experiment II). Performance (liveweight change, milk yield and composition) was not affected although, in order to provoke effects, diets were deficient in protein by ≤10%. An exception was the soyabean meal-supplemented diet which also showed only non-significant trends towards higher persistencies of milk and milk protein synthesis. Effects of the extracts rich in saponins and tannins occurred in nitrogen conversion in the animal (less urinary and milk urea nitrogen excretion) and in manure. Nitrogen emissions from 8-weeks stored manure were lower relative to the unsupplemented diet. The main field of application of the extracts rich in tannins and saponins seems to be the mitigation of ammonia emission.
 
CITATIONS (23):
1.
Effect of fat supplementation on nitrogen utilisation of lambs and nitrogen emission from their manure
A. Machmüller, D.A. Ossowski, M. Kreuzer
Livestock Science
 
2.
Nitrogen transformations and greenhouse gas emissions during composting of manure from cattle fed diets containing corn dried distillers grains with solubles and condensed tannins
Xiying Hao, Mônica B. Benke, Chunli Li, Francis J. Larney, Karen A. Beauchemin, Tim A. McAllister
Animal Feed Science and Technology
 
3.
Effects of tannins on ruminal degradation and excretory pattern of N and implications for the potential N emission from the manure
H.D. Hess, T.T. Tiemann, Ch.D. Stürm, J.E. Carulla, C.E. Lascano, M. Kreuzer
International Congress Series
 
4.
Effect of different levels of raisin waste on performance, nutrients digestibility and protozoal population of Mehraban growing lambs
Vahid Saremi, Daryoush Alipour, Arash Azarfar, Reza Sedighi
Spanish Journal of Agricultural Research
 
5.
Effect of the tropical tannin-rich shrub legumes Calliandra calothyrsus and Flemingia macrophylla on methane emission and nitrogen and energy balance in growing lambs
T. T. Tiemann, C. E. Lascano, H.-R. Wettstein, A. C. Mayer, M. Kreuzer, H. D. Hess
animal
 
6.
Value Addition of Feed and Fodder by Alleviating the Antinutritional Effects of Tannins
T. K. Bhat, A. Kannan, Birbal Singh, O. P. Sharma
Agricultural Research
 
7.
Supplementation ofAcacia mearnsiitannins decreases methanogenesis and urinary nitrogen in forage-fed sheep
J. E. Carulla, M. Kreuzer, A. Machmüller, H. D. Hess
Australian Journal of Agricultural Research
 
8.
The effect and mode of action of saponins on the microbial populations and fermentation in the rumen and ruminant production
A. K. Patra, J. Saxena
Nutrition Research Reviews
 
9.
The effect of triterpenoid saponins from Saponaria officinalis on some blood hormones, metabolic parameters and fatty acid composition in dairy cows
K. SZKUDELSKA, M. SZUMACHER-STRABEL, J. SZCZECHOWIAK, M. BRYSZAK, E. PERS-KAMCZYC, A. STOCHMAL, A. CIESLAK
The Journal of Agricultural Science
 
10.
Effect of quebracho-chestnut tannin extracts at 2 dietary crude protein levels on performance, rumen fermentation, and nitrogen partitioning in dairy cows
M.J. Aguerre, M.C. Capozzolo, P. Lencioni, C. Cabral, M.A. Wattiaux
Journal of Dairy Science
 
11.
Effects of Antidesma thwaitesianum  Muell. Arg. pomace as a source of plant secondary compounds on digestibility, rumen environment, hematology, and milk production in dairy cows
Pongsatorn Gunun, Nirawan Gunun, Pichad Khejornsart, Thanaporn Ouppamong, Anusorn Cherdthong, Metha Wanapat, Srisuda Sirilaophaisan, Chalermpon Yuangklang, Sineenart Polyorach, Wootichai Kenchaiwong, Sungchhang Kang
Animal Science Journal
 
12.
Unravelling the conundrum of tannins in animal nutrition and health
Irene Mueller-Harvey
Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
 
13.
The effect of organic diets on the performance of pullets maintained under semi-organic conditions
T. Acamovic, V. Sandilands, I. Kyriazakis, N. Sparks
animal
 
14.
Invited review: Nitrogen in ruminant nutrition: A review of measurement techniques
A.N. Hristov, A. Bannink, L.A. Crompton, P. Huhtanen, M. Kreuzer, M. McGee, P. Nozière, C.K. Reynolds, A.R. Bayat, D.R. Yáñez-Ruiz, J. Dijkstra, E. Kebreab, A. Schwarm, K.J. Shingfield, Z. Yu
Journal of Dairy Science
 
15.
Do supplements of Acacia mearnsii and grapeseed extracts alone or in combination alleviate metabolic nitrogen load and manure nitrogen emissions of lambs fed a high crude protein diet?
Susanne Sinz, Annette Liesegang, Michael Kreuzer, Svenja Marquardt
Archives of Animal Nutrition
 
16.
Effect of Different Tannin Sources on Nutrient Intake, Digestibility, Performance, Nitrogen Utilization, and Blood Parameters in Dairy Cows
Zhang, Xu, Cao, Wang, Yang, Azarfar, Li
Animals
 
17.
Growth Performance, Carcass Characteristics, Fatty Acid Composition, and Blood Biochemical Parameters of Lamb Fed Diet with the Addition of Lingonberry Leaves and Oak Bark
Małgorzata Majewska, Barbara Kowalik
European Journal of Lipid Science and Technology
 
18.
Altered rumen fermentation patterns in lactating dairy cows supplemented with phytochemicals improve milk production and efficiency
R.C.B. Grazziotin, J. Halfen, F. Rosa, E. Schmitt, J.L. Anderson, V. Ballard, J.S. Osorio
Journal of Dairy Science
 
19.
Effects of feeding a quebracho–chestnut tannin extract on lactating cow performance and nitrogen utilization efficiency
M.J. Aguerre, B. Duval, J.M. Powell, P.A. Vadas, M.A. Wattiaux
Journal of Dairy Science
 
20.
Effect of dietary tannins on milk yield and composition, nitrogen partitioning and nitrogen use efficiency of lactating dairy cows: A meta-analysis
Sophie Herremans, Frédéric Vanwindekens, Virginie Decruyenaere, Yves Beckers, Eric Froidmont
Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
 
21.
Graded supplementation of chestnut tannins to dairy cows fed protein-rich spring pasture: effects on indicators of protein utilization
A. Kapp-Bitter, U. Dickhoefer, E. Suglo, L. Baumgartner, M. Kreuzer, F. Leiber
Journal of Animal and Feed Sciences
 
22.
Dietary mitigation of enteric methane emissions from ruminants: A review of plant tannins mitigation options☆
Byeng Min, Sandra Solaiman, Heidi Waldrip, David Parker, Richard Todd, David Brauer
Animal Nutrition
 
23.
The Fate of Tannins from Birdsfoot Trefoil and Their Effect on the Nitrogen Balance in Growing Lambs Fed Diets Varying in Protein Level
Eleonora Seoni, Myriam Rothacher, Yves Arrigo, Kragten Ampuero, Giuseppe Bee, Frigga Dohme-Meier
Animals
 
ISSN:1230-1388