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ICV
ORIGINAL PAPER
 
CC-BY 4.0
 
 

Performance, body nitrogen conversion and nitrogen emission from manure of dairy cows fed diets supplemented with different plant extracts

M. Kreuzer 1  ,  
F. Sutter 1,  
 
1
Institute of Animal Sciences, Animal Nutrition, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (ETH) Zurich, ETH Centre/LFW, CH-8092 Zurich, Switzerland
J. Anim. Feed Sci. 2004;13(1):73–91
Publish date: 2004-01-14
KEYWORDS
ABSTRACT
In two experiments with lactating cows the effect of supplemented small doses of essential oils (0.1 g extract/kg; experiment I), Yucca schidigera saponin (0.1 g extract/kg) or Castanea sativa wood tannin (4.9 g extract/kg) were compared with unsupplemented diets and a soyabean meal-supplemented diet (only experiment II). Performance (liveweight change, milk yield and composition) was not affected although, in order to provoke effects, diets were deficient in protein by ≤10%. An exception was the soyabean meal-supplemented diet which also showed only non-significant trends towards higher persistencies of milk and milk protein synthesis. Effects of the extracts rich in saponins and tannins occurred in nitrogen conversion in the animal (less urinary and milk urea nitrogen excretion) and in manure. Nitrogen emissions from 8-weeks stored manure were lower relative to the unsupplemented diet. The main field of application of the extracts rich in tannins and saponins seems to be the mitigation of ammonia emission.
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
M. Kreuzer   
Swiss Centre for Agricultural Extension (LBL), CH-8315 Lindau, Switzerland
 
CITATIONS (13):
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A. Machmüller, D.A. Ossowski, M. Kreuzer
Livestock Science
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Xiying Hao, Mônica B. Benke, Chunli Li, Francis J. Larney, Karen A. Beauchemin, Tim A. McAllister
Animal Feed Science and Technology
3. Effects of tannins on ruminal degradation and excretory pattern of N and implications for the potential N emission from the manure
H.D. Hess, T.T. Tiemann, Ch.D. Stürm, J.E. Carulla, C.E. Lascano, M. Kreuzer
International Congress Series
4. Effect of different levels of raisin waste on performance, nutrients digestibility and protozoal population of Mehraban growing lambs
Vahid Saremi, Daryoush Alipour, Arash Azarfar, Reza Sedighi
Spanish Journal of Agricultural Research
5. Effect of the tropical tannin-rich shrub legumes Calliandra calothyrsus and Flemingia macrophylla on methane emission and nitrogen and energy balance in growing lambs
T. T. Tiemann, C. E. Lascano, H.-R. Wettstein, A. C. Mayer, M. Kreuzer, H. D. Hess
animal
6. Value Addition of Feed and Fodder by Alleviating the Antinutritional Effects of Tannins
T. K. Bhat, A. Kannan, Birbal Singh, O. P. Sharma
Agricultural Research
7. Supplementation ofAcacia mearnsiitannins decreases methanogenesis and urinary nitrogen in forage-fed sheep
J. E. Carulla, M. Kreuzer, A. Machmüller, H. D. Hess
Australian Journal of Agricultural Research
8. The effect and mode of action of saponins on the microbial populations and fermentation in the rumen and ruminant production
A. K. Patra, J. Saxena
Nutrition Research Reviews
9. The effect of triterpenoid saponins from Saponaria officinalis on some blood hormones, metabolic parameters and fatty acid composition in dairy cows
K. SZKUDELSKA, M. SZUMACHER-STRABEL, J. SZCZECHOWIAK, M. BRYSZAK, E. PERS-KAMCZYC, A. STOCHMAL, A. CIESLAK
The Journal of Agricultural Science
10. Effect of quebracho-chestnut tannin extracts at 2 dietary crude protein levels on performance, rumen fermentation, and nitrogen partitioning in dairy cows
M.J. Aguerre, M.C. Capozzolo, P. Lencioni, C. Cabral, M.A. Wattiaux
Journal of Dairy Science
11. Effects of Antidesma thwaitesianum  Muell. Arg. pomace as a source of plant secondary compounds on digestibility, rumen environment, hematology, and milk production in dairy cows
Pongsatorn Gunun, Nirawan Gunun, Pichad Khejornsart, Thanaporn Ouppamong, Anusorn Cherdthong, Metha Wanapat, Srisuda Sirilaophaisan, Chalermpon Yuangklang, Sineenart Polyorach, Wootichai Kenchaiwong, Sungchhang Kang
Animal Science Journal
12. Unravelling the conundrum of tannins in animal nutrition and health
Irene Mueller-Harvey
Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
13. The effect of organic diets on the performance of pullets maintained under semi-organic conditions
T. Acamovic, V. Sandilands, I. Kyriazakis, N. Sparks
animal
ISSN:1230-1388