0.906
IF5
0.875
IF
Q3
JCR
1.0
CiteScore
0.374
SJR
Q2
SJR
20
MNiSW
165.24
ICV
ORIGINAL PAPER
 
CC-BY 4.0
 
 

Influence of solid residue from alcoholic extraction of brown propolis on intake, digestibility, performance, carcass and meat characteristics of lambs in feedlot

C. C. B.F. Ítavo 1  ,  
 
1
Federal University of Mato Grosso do Sul (UFMS), Faculty of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Science (FAMEZ), Av. Senador Filinto Müller 2443, Cidade Universitária, 79070-900 Campo Grande, Brazil
J. Anim. Feed Sci. 2019;28(2):149–158
Publish date: 2019-05-31
KEYWORDS
TOPICS
ABSTRACT
Propolis can be an alternative to the use of ionophores in ruminants due to presence of compounds like flavonoids, fenolic acids, esters, fenolic aldehydes and ketones. In this study the impact of solid residue from alcoholic extraction of brown propolis (RBP) added to the diet for feedlot lambs on nutrients intake and digestibility, productive performance, body morphometric measures, carcass characteristics and meat fatty acid profile was determined. Twenty-four Texel × Suffolk crossbred castrated male lambs (19.83 ± 2.07 kg) were fed diet with 0 (negative control), 5, 10 g RBP per kg dry matter (DM) or monensin (positive control, 26 mg/kg DM), in total ration with roughage:concentrate ratio of 400:600 (w/w). RBP addition regardless used dose positively influenced (P < 0.05) productive performance parameters (final weight and daily weight gain). However, diet with 5 g RBP/kg DM lowered feed conversion ratio in comparison to negative control. Nutrient intake, digestibility of DM (684 g/kg), organic matter (701 g/kg) and fibre (695 g/kg) were similar among treatments. Live body length (78.89 cm), external carcass length (75.4 cm) and carcass compactness (0.253 kg/cm) also did not differ between groups. Moreover, diet supplementation with RBP did not affect hot and chilled carcass yields (451 and 447 g/kg, respectively). The addition of 5 g RBP/kg DM caused lower concentration of stearic acid (C18:0) and higher of oleic (C18:1n-9) and linoleic acids (C18:2n-6) in longissimus muscle of lambs in comparison to muscle from animals fed diet with monensin or control one. So, RBP can be used as nutritional additive to lamb feed to increase animal performance and modify meat fatty acid profile.
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
C. C. B.F. Ítavo   
Federal University of Mato Grosso do Sul (UFMS), Faculty of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Science (FAMEZ), Av. Senador Filinto Müller 2443, Cidade Universitária, 79070-900 Campo Grande, Brazil
 
REFERENCES (32):
1. American Meat Science Association, 2015. Research Guidelines for Cookery, Sensory Evaluation, and Instrumental Tenderness Measurements of Fresh Meat. American Meat Science Association. Champaign, IL (USA).
2. AOAC International, 2000. Official Methods of Analysis of AOAC International. 17th Edition. Gaithersburg, MD (USA).
3. Cartaxo F.Q., Cezar M.F., de Sousa W.H., Gonzaga Neto S., Pereira Filho J.M., Cunha M.G.G., 2009. Quantitative traits of carcass from lambs finished in feedlot system and slaughtered at different body conditions. Rev. Bras. Zootecn. 38, 697–704, https://doi.org/10.1590/S1516-....
4. da Silva J.A., Ítavo C.C.B.F., Ítavo L.C.V., Morais M.G., Franco G.L., Zeoula L.M., Heimbach N.S., 2014. Effects of dietary brown propolis on nutrient intake and digestibility in feedlot lambs. Rev. Bras. Zootecn. 43, 376–381, https://doi.org/10.1590/S1516-....
5. da Silva J.A., Ítavo C.C.B.F., Ítavo L.C.V., da Graça Morais M., da Silva P.C.G., Ferelli K.L.S.M., de Souza Arco T.F.F., 2019. Dietary addition of crude form or ethanol extract of brown propolis as nutritional additive on behaviour, productive performance and carcass traits of lambs in feedlot. J. Anim. Feed Sci. 28, 31–40, https://doi.org/10.22358/jafs/....
6. de Aguiar S.C., Zeoula L.M., Franco S.L., Peres L.P., Arcuri P.B., Forano E., 2013. Antimicrobial activity of Brazilian propolis extracts against rumen bacteria in vitro. World J. Microbiol. Biotechnol. 29, 1951–1959, https://doi.org/10.1007/s11274....
7. Funari C.S., Ferro V.O., 2006. Propolis analysis. Ciencia Tecnol. Aliment. 26, 171–178, https://doi.org/10.1590/S0101-....
8. Ghisalberti E.L., 1979. Propolis: a review. Bee World 60, 59–84, https://doi.org/10.1080/000577....
9. Gomes M.F.F., Ítavo C.C.B.F., Leal C.R.B., Ítavo L.C.V., Lunas R.C., 2016. In vitro biological activity of brown propolis. Pesqui. Vet. Bras. 36, 279–282, https://doi.org/10.1590/S0100-....
10. Gomes M.F.F., Ítavo C.C.B.F., Ítavo L.C.V., Leal C.R.B., da Silva J.A., Heimbach N.S., Leal E.S., 2017. In vitro fermentation characteristics of ruminant diets using ethanol extract of brown propolis as a nutritional additive. Rev. Bras. Zootecn. 46, 599–605, https://doi.org/10.1590/s1806-....
11. Heimbach N.S., Ítavo C.C.B.F., Ítavo L.C.V., Franco G.L., Leal C.R.B., Leal E.S., Silva P.C.G., Rezende L.C., da Silva J.A., 2014. Residue from extraction of brown propolis in the diet to ruminants: in vitro digestibility and gas production. Arch. Zootecn. 63, 259–267, https://doi.org/10.4321/S0004-....
12. Heimbach N.S., Ítavo C.C.B.F., Leal C.R.B., Ítavo L.C.V., Silva J.A., Silva P.C.G., Rezende L.C., Gomes M.F.F., 2016. Propolis extraction residue like bacterial inhibitor “in vitro”. Rev. Bras. Saúde Prod. Anim. 17, 65–72, https://doi.org/10.1590/S1519-....
13. Ítavo C.C.B.F., Morais M.G., Costa C., Ítavo L.C.V., Macedo F.A.F., Tomich T.R., 2009. Carcass characteristics, non-components and yield of retail products from lambs in feedlot system receiving diets with propolis or sodic monensin as additive. Rev. Bras. Zootecn. 38, 898–905, https://doi.org/10.1590/S1516-....
14. Ítavo C.C.B.F., Morais M.G., Costa C., Ítavo L.C.V., Franco G.L., da Silva J.A., Reis F.A., 2011a. Addition of propolis or monensin in the diet: behavior and productivity of lambs in feedlot. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol. 165, 161–166, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.anif....
15. Ítavo C.C.B.F., Morais M.G., Ramos C.L., Ítavo L.C.V., Tomich T.R., da Silva J.A., 2011b. Green propolis extract as additive in the diet for lambs in feedlot. Rev. Bras. Zootecn. 40, 1991–1996, https://doi.org/10.1590/S1516-....
16. Ítavo L.C.V., de Souza A.D.V., Fávaro S.P. et al., 2016. Intake, digestibility, performance, carcass characteristics and meat quality of lambs fed different levels of crambe meal in the diet. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol. 216, 40–48, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.anif....
17. Lima A.G.V.O., Silva T.M., Bezerra L.R., Pereira E.S., Barbosa A.M., Ribeiro R.D.X., Rocha T.C., Trajano J.S., Oliveira R.L., 2018. Intake, digestibility, nitrogen balance, performance and carcass traits of Santa Ines lamb fed with sunflower cake from biodiesel production. Small Ruminant Res. 168, 19–24, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.smal....
18. Lock A.L., Preseault C.L., Rico J.E., DeLand K.E., Allen M.S., 2013. Feeding a C16:0-enriched fat supplement increased the yield of milk fat and improved conversion of feed to milk. J. Dairy Sci. 96, 6650–6659, https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.20....
19. Madruga M.S., Sousa W.H., Rosales M.D., Cunha M.G.G., Ramos J.L.F., 2005. Quality of Santa Ines lamb meat terminated with different diets. Rev. Bras. Zootecn. 34, 309–315, https://doi.org/10.1590/S1516-....
20. Mansbridge R.J., Blake J.S., 1997. Nutritional factors affecting the fatty acid composition of bovine milk. Br. J. Nutr. 78, S37–S47, https://doi.org/10.1079/BJN199....
21. Mathew A.G., Beckmann M.A., Saxton A.M., 2001. A comparison of antibiotic resistance in bacteria isolated from swine herds in which antibiotics were used or excluded. J. Swine Health Prod. 9, 125–129.
22. Mirzoeva O.K., Grishanin R.N., Calder P.C., 1997. Antimicrobial action of propolis and some of its components: the effects on growth, membrane potential and motility of bacteria. Microbiol. Res. 152, 239–246, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0944-....
23. NRC (National Research Council), 2007. Nutrient Requirements of Small Ruminants: Sheep, Goats, Cervids, and New World Camelids. The National Academies Press. Washington, DC (USA), https://doi.org/10.17226/11654.
24. Olagaray K.E., Bradford B.J., 2019. Plant flavonoids to improve productivity of ruminants – a review. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol. 251, 21–36, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.anif....
25. Osório J.C., de Oliveira N.M., Jardim P.O., Monteiro E.M., 1996a. Meat production in sheep of five genotypes: 2. Live weight components. Cienc. Rural. 26, 471–475, https://doi.org/10.1590/S0103-....
26. Osório J.C., de Oliveira N.M., Nunes A.P., Pouey J.L., 1996b. Meat production in sheep of five genotypes: 3. Losses and morphology. Cienc. Rural. 26, 477–481, https://doi.org/10.1590/S0103-....
27. Ríspoli T.B., Rodrigues I.L., Martins Neto R.G., Kazama R., Prado O.P.P., Zeoula L.M., Arcuri P.B., 2009. Ruminal ciliate protozoa of cattle and buffalo fed on diet supplemented with monensin or extracts from propolis. Pesqui. Agropecu. Bras. 44, 92–97, https://doi.org/10.1590/S0100-....
28. Russell J.B., Strobel H.J., 1989. Effect of ionophores on ruminal fermentation. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 55, 1–6.
29. Santana A.F., Costa G.B., Fonseca L.S., 2001. Correlations between body and measures weight in young sheep of breed Santa Inés. Rev. Bras. Saúde Prod. Anim. 1, 74–77.
30. Stradiotti Júnior D., Queiroz A.C., Lana R.P., Pacheco C.G., Eifert E.C., Nunes P.M.M., 2004. Effect of the propolis on amino acids deamination and ruminal fermentation. Rev. Bras. Zootecn. 33, 1086–1092, https://doi.org/10.1590/S1516-....
31. Yoshimura E.H., Santos N.W., Machado E., Agustinho B.C., Pereira L.M., de Aguiar S.C., Franzolin R., Gasparino E., dos Santos G.T., Zeoula L.M., 2018. Effects of dairy cow diets supplied with flaxseed oil and propolis extract, with or without vitamin E, on the ruminal microbiota, biohydrogenation, and digestion. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol. 241, 163–172, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.anif....
32. Zawadzki F., Prado I.N., Marques J.A., Zeoula L.M., Rotta P.P., Sestari B.B., Valero M.V., Rivaroli D.C., 2011. Sodium monensin or propolis extract in the diets of feedlotfinished bulls: effects on animal performance and carcass characteristics. J. Anim. Feed Sci. 20, 16–25, https://doi.org/10.22358/jafs/....
ISSN:1230-1388