Influence of solid residue from alcoholic extraction of brown propolis on intake, digestibility, performance, carcass and meat characteristics of lambs in feedlot
More details
Hide details
Federal University of Mato Grosso do Sul (UFMS), Faculty of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Science (FAMEZ), Av. Senador Filinto Müller 2443, Cidade Universitária, 79070-900 Campo Grande, Brazil
Publication date: 2019-05-31
Corresponding author
C. C. B.F. Ítavo   

Federal University of Mato Grosso do Sul (UFMS), Faculty of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Science (FAMEZ), Av. Senador Filinto Müller 2443, Cidade Universitária, 79070-900 Campo Grande, Brazil
J. Anim. Feed Sci. 2019;28(2):149-158
Propolis can be an alternative to the use of ionophores in ruminants due to presence of compounds like flavonoids, fenolic acids, esters, fenolic aldehydes and ketones. In this study the impact of solid residue from alcoholic extraction of brown propolis (RBP) added to the diet for feedlot lambs on nutrients intake and digestibility, productive performance, body morphometric measures, carcass characteristics and meat fatty acid profile was determined. Twenty-four Texel × Suffolk crossbred castrated male lambs (19.83 ± 2.07 kg) were fed diet with 0 (negative control), 5, 10 g RBP per kg dry matter (DM) or monensin (positive control, 26 mg/kg DM), in total ration with roughage:concentrate ratio of 400:600 (w/w). RBP addition regardless used dose positively influenced (P < 0.05) productive performance parameters (final weight and daily weight gain). However, diet with 5 g RBP/kg DM lowered feed conversion ratio in comparison to negative control. Nutrient intake, digestibility of DM (684 g/kg), organic matter (701 g/kg) and fibre (695 g/kg) were similar among treatments. Live body length (78.89 cm), external carcass length (75.4 cm) and carcass compactness (0.253 kg/cm) also did not differ between groups. Moreover, diet supplementation with RBP did not affect hot and chilled carcass yields (451 and 447 g/kg, respectively). The addition of 5 g RBP/kg DM caused lower concentration of stearic acid (C18:0) and higher of oleic (C18:1n-9) and linoleic acids (C18:2n-6) in longissimus muscle of lambs in comparison to muscle from animals fed diet with monensin or control one. So, RBP can be used as nutritional additive to lamb feed to increase animal performance and modify meat fatty acid profile.
American Meat Science Association, 2015. Research Guidelines for Cookery, Sensory Evaluation, and Instrumental Tenderness Measurements of Fresh Meat. American Meat Science Association. Champaign, IL (USA).
AOAC International, 2000. Official Methods of Analysis of AOAC International. 17th Edition. Gaithersburg, MD (USA).
Cartaxo F.Q., Cezar M.F., de Sousa W.H., Gonzaga Neto S., Pereira Filho J.M., Cunha M.G.G., 2009. Quantitative traits of carcass from lambs finished in feedlot system and slaughtered at different body conditions. Rev. Bras. Zootecn. 38, 697–704, https://doi.org/10.1590/S1516-....
da Silva J.A., Ítavo C.C.B.F., Ítavo L.C.V., Morais M.G., Franco G.L., Zeoula L.M., Heimbach N.S., 2014. Effects of dietary brown propolis on nutrient intake and digestibility in feedlot lambs. Rev. Bras. Zootecn. 43, 376–381, https://doi.org/10.1590/S1516-....
da Silva J.A., Ítavo C.C.B.F., Ítavo L.C.V., da Graça Morais M., da Silva P.C.G., Ferelli K.L.S.M., de Souza Arco T.F.F., 2019. Dietary addition of crude form or ethanol extract of brown propolis as nutritional additive on behaviour, productive performance and carcass traits of lambs in feedlot. J. Anim. Feed Sci. 28, 31–40, https://doi.org/10.22358/jafs/....
de Aguiar S.C., Zeoula L.M., Franco S.L., Peres L.P., Arcuri P.B., Forano E., 2013. Antimicrobial activity of Brazilian propolis extracts against rumen bacteria in vitro. World J. Microbiol. Biotechnol. 29, 1951–1959, https://doi.org/10.1007/s11274....
Funari C.S., Ferro V.O., 2006. Propolis analysis. Ciencia Tecnol. Aliment. 26, 171–178, https://doi.org/10.1590/S0101-....
Ghisalberti E.L., 1979. Propolis: a review. Bee World 60, 59–84, https://doi.org/10.1080/000577....
Gomes M.F.F., Ítavo C.C.B.F., Leal C.R.B., Ítavo L.C.V., Lunas R.C., 2016. In vitro biological activity of brown propolis. Pesqui. Vet. Bras. 36, 279–282, https://doi.org/10.1590/S0100-....
Gomes M.F.F., Ítavo C.C.B.F., Ítavo L.C.V., Leal C.R.B., da Silva J.A., Heimbach N.S., Leal E.S., 2017. In vitro fermentation characteristics of ruminant diets using ethanol extract of brown propolis as a nutritional additive. Rev. Bras. Zootecn. 46, 599–605, https://doi.org/10.1590/s1806-....
Heimbach N.S., Ítavo C.C.B.F., Ítavo L.C.V., Franco G.L., Leal C.R.B., Leal E.S., Silva P.C.G., Rezende L.C., da Silva J.A., 2014. Residue from extraction of brown propolis in the diet to ruminants: in vitro digestibility and gas production. Arch. Zootecn. 63, 259–267, https://doi.org/10.4321/S0004-....
Heimbach N.S., Ítavo C.C.B.F., Leal C.R.B., Ítavo L.C.V., Silva J.A., Silva P.C.G., Rezende L.C., Gomes M.F.F., 2016. Propolis extraction residue like bacterial inhibitor “in vitro”. Rev. Bras. Saúde Prod. Anim. 17, 65–72, https://doi.org/10.1590/S1519-....
Ítavo C.C.B.F., Morais M.G., Costa C., Ítavo L.C.V., Macedo F.A.F., Tomich T.R., 2009. Carcass characteristics, non-components and yield of retail products from lambs in feedlot system receiving diets with propolis or sodic monensin as additive. Rev. Bras. Zootecn. 38, 898–905, https://doi.org/10.1590/S1516-....
Ítavo C.C.B.F., Morais M.G., Costa C., Ítavo L.C.V., Franco G.L., da Silva J.A., Reis F.A., 2011a. Addition of propolis or monensin in the diet: behavior and productivity of lambs in feedlot. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol. 165, 161–166, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.anif....
Ítavo C.C.B.F., Morais M.G., Ramos C.L., Ítavo L.C.V., Tomich T.R., da Silva J.A., 2011b. Green propolis extract as additive in the diet for lambs in feedlot. Rev. Bras. Zootecn. 40, 1991–1996, https://doi.org/10.1590/S1516-....
Ítavo L.C.V., de Souza A.D.V., Fávaro S.P. et al., 2016. Intake, digestibility, performance, carcass characteristics and meat quality of lambs fed different levels of crambe meal in the diet. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol. 216, 40–48, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.anif....
Lima A.G.V.O., Silva T.M., Bezerra L.R., Pereira E.S., Barbosa A.M., Ribeiro R.D.X., Rocha T.C., Trajano J.S., Oliveira R.L., 2018. Intake, digestibility, nitrogen balance, performance and carcass traits of Santa Ines lamb fed with sunflower cake from biodiesel production. Small Ruminant Res. 168, 19–24, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.smal....
Lock A.L., Preseault C.L., Rico J.E., DeLand K.E., Allen M.S., 2013. Feeding a C16:0-enriched fat supplement increased the yield of milk fat and improved conversion of feed to milk. J. Dairy Sci. 96, 6650–6659, https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.20....
Madruga M.S., Sousa W.H., Rosales M.D., Cunha M.G.G., Ramos J.L.F., 2005. Quality of Santa Ines lamb meat terminated with different diets. Rev. Bras. Zootecn. 34, 309–315, https://doi.org/10.1590/S1516-....
Mansbridge R.J., Blake J.S., 1997. Nutritional factors affecting the fatty acid composition of bovine milk. Br. J. Nutr. 78, S37–S47, https://doi.org/10.1079/BJN199....
Mathew A.G., Beckmann M.A., Saxton A.M., 2001. A comparison of antibiotic resistance in bacteria isolated from swine herds in which antibiotics were used or excluded. J. Swine Health Prod. 9, 125–129.
Mirzoeva O.K., Grishanin R.N., Calder P.C., 1997. Antimicrobial action of propolis and some of its components: the effects on growth, membrane potential and motility of bacteria. Microbiol. Res. 152, 239–246, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0944-....
NRC (National Research Council), 2007. Nutrient Requirements of Small Ruminants: Sheep, Goats, Cervids, and New World Camelids. The National Academies Press. Washington, DC (USA), https://doi.org/10.17226/11654.
Olagaray K.E., Bradford B.J., 2019. Plant flavonoids to improve productivity of ruminants – a review. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol. 251, 21–36, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.anif....
Osório J.C., de Oliveira N.M., Jardim P.O., Monteiro E.M., 1996a. Meat production in sheep of five genotypes: 2. Live weight components. Cienc. Rural. 26, 471–475, https://doi.org/10.1590/S0103-....
Osório J.C., de Oliveira N.M., Nunes A.P., Pouey J.L., 1996b. Meat production in sheep of five genotypes: 3. Losses and morphology. Cienc. Rural. 26, 477–481, https://doi.org/10.1590/S0103-....
Ríspoli T.B., Rodrigues I.L., Martins Neto R.G., Kazama R., Prado O.P.P., Zeoula L.M., Arcuri P.B., 2009. Ruminal ciliate protozoa of cattle and buffalo fed on diet supplemented with monensin or extracts from propolis. Pesqui. Agropecu. Bras. 44, 92–97, https://doi.org/10.1590/S0100-....
Russell J.B., Strobel H.J., 1989. Effect of ionophores on ruminal fermentation. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 55, 1–6.
Santana A.F., Costa G.B., Fonseca L.S., 2001. Correlations between body and measures weight in young sheep of breed Santa Inés. Rev. Bras. Saúde Prod. Anim. 1, 74–77.
Stradiotti Júnior D., Queiroz A.C., Lana R.P., Pacheco C.G., Eifert E.C., Nunes P.M.M., 2004. Effect of the propolis on amino acids deamination and ruminal fermentation. Rev. Bras. Zootecn. 33, 1086–1092, https://doi.org/10.1590/S1516-....
Yoshimura E.H., Santos N.W., Machado E., Agustinho B.C., Pereira L.M., de Aguiar S.C., Franzolin R., Gasparino E., dos Santos G.T., Zeoula L.M., 2018. Effects of dairy cow diets supplied with flaxseed oil and propolis extract, with or without vitamin E, on the ruminal microbiota, biohydrogenation, and digestion. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol. 241, 163–172, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.anif....
Zawadzki F., Prado I.N., Marques J.A., Zeoula L.M., Rotta P.P., Sestari B.B., Valero M.V., Rivaroli D.C., 2011. Sodium monensin or propolis extract in the diets of feedlotfinished bulls: effects on animal performance and carcass characteristics. J. Anim. Feed Sci. 20, 16–25, https://doi.org/10.22358/jafs/....
Carcass traits and meat quality of Texel lambs raised in Brachiaria pasture and feedlot systems
Pâmila Silva, Ferreira Brandão, Ítavo Vinhas, Bonin Nadai, Feijó Dias, Ferelli Monteiro, Heimbach Silva, Jonilson Silva, Gleice Melo, Pereira Filgueira
Animal Science Journal
Supplementation of lamb ewes with different protein sources in deferred marandu palisadegrass (Brachiaria brizantha cv. marandu) pasture
A.L.C. Gurgel, G.S. Difante, Neto Emerenciano, M.G. Costa, J.L.S. Dantas, L.C.V. Ìtavo, C.C.B.F. Ìtavo, M.G. Pereira, J.G. Rodrigues, I.L.S. Oliveira, J.I.G. Bezerra
Arquivo Brasileiro de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia
Effect of dietary addition of phenolic compounds from propolis on growth performance, carcass traits, and meat fatty acid profile of feedlot beef cattle
Sílvia Aguiar, Erica Machado, Fabiano Simioni, Solange Cottica, Eduardo Paula, Júnior Costa, Emerson Yoshimura, Lucia Zeoula
Semina: Ciências Agrárias
The influence of the dietary propolis on the fatty acid profile and the hematological parameters of seabream (Sparus aurata L. 1758)
Çağlayan Kaplan, Mete Erdoğan, Fatime Erdoğan, Özgür Aktaş, Faruk Pak
Ege Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences
Intake, digestibility, ruminal parameters, and performance in lamb fed with increasing levels of red propolis extract
Tarcísio Paixão, Almeida de, Aline Oliveira, Silva da, João Silva, Laize Santos, Lima de, Robério Silva
Tropical Animal Health and Production
Effects of pasture management and supplementation on the productive performance of recently lambed ewes
Thais Fernanda Farias de Souza Arco, Camila Celeste Brandão Ferreira Ítavo, Luís Carlos Vinhas Ítavo, Fernando de Almeida Borges, Vanessa Zirondi Longhini, Evelyn Silva de Melo Soares, Dyego Gonçalves Lino Borges, Aline Aparecida da Silva Miguel, Camila de Godoy, Priscila Bernardo de Andrade, Gleice Kelli Ayardes de Melo
Tropical Animal Health and Production
Journals System - logo
Scroll to top