0.857
IF5
0.900
IF
Q3
JCR
0.92
CiteScore
0.405
SJR
Q2
SJR
20
MNiSW
142.18
ICV
ORIGINAL PAPER
 
CC-BY 4.0
 
 

Impact of different dietary protein sources on performance, litter quality and foot pad dermatitis in broilers

A. Abd El-Wahab 1, 2,  
C. Visscher 1  ,  
 
1
University of Veterinary Medicine Hannover, Foundation, Institute for Animal Nutrition, D-30173 Hanover, Germany
2
Mansoura University, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Department of Nutrition and Nutritional Deficiency Diseases, 35516 Mansoura, Egypt
J. Anim. Feed Sci. 2018;27(2):148–154
Publish date: 2018-06-15
KEYWORDS:
TOPICS:
ABSTRACT:
The aim of this study was to evaluate potential influences of different dietary protein sources on performance, litter quality and health of foot pads in broilers. In total, 160 one-day-old chickens were divided into four dietary groups at day 8. Four different diets were prepared as follows: the level of soyabean meal in the control diet amounted 32.5% (SBM), while in other diets soyabean meal was partly replaced by rapeseed meal 14.5% (RSM); haemoglobin meal 4.5% (HBM) or algae meal 4.0% (ALG). Body weight was measured weekly. Measurement of dry matter content of litter and excreta as well as external assessment of foot pads were performed weekly. Birds fed the RSM diet had the highest body weight at day 44 in comparison to animals fed other experimental diets. Broilers fed the HBM diet had the lowest body weight at the end of the trials. Foot pad dermatitis (FPD) severity was significantly higher in birds fed RSM and ALG diets in comparison with those fed SBM or HBM diets at day 44 of life. In conclusion, using RSM could be the most suitable alternative protein source due to higher body weight gains. However, further studies are required to optimize the diet composition which could simultaneously improve foot pad health.
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR:
C. Visscher   
University of Veterinary Medicine Hannover, Foundation, Institute for Animal Nutrition, D-30173 Hanover, Germany
 
REFERENCES (37):
1. Abd El-Wahab A., Beineke A., Beyerbach M., Visscher C.F., Kamphues J., 2011. Effects of floor heating and litter quality on the development and severity of foot-pad dermatitis in young turkeys. Avian Dis. 55, 429–434, https://doi.org/10.1637/9684-0....
2. Abd El-Wahab A., Visscher C.F., Beineke A., Beyerbach M., Kamphues J., 2012a. Experimental studies on the effects of different litter moisture contents and exposure time to wet litter on development and severity of foot pad dermatitis in young fattening turkeys. Arch. Geflugelkd. 76, 55–62.
3. Abd El-Wahab A., Visscher C.F., Wolken S., Reperant J.-M., Beineke A., Beyerbach M., Kamphues J., 2012b. Foot-pad dermatitis and experimentally induced coccidiosis in young turkeys fed a diet without anticoccidia. Poult. Sci. 91, 627–635, https://doi.org/10.3382/ps.201....
4. Abd El-Wahab A., Visscher C.F., Beineke A., Beyerbach M., Kamphues J., 2013a. Effects of high electrolyte contents in the diet and using floor heating on development and severity of foot pad dermatitis in young turkeys. J. Anim. Physiol. Anim. Nutr. 97, 39–47, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1439....
5. Abd El-Wahab A., Visscher C.F., Wolken S., Reperant L.-M., Beineke A., Beyerbach M., Kamphues J., 2013b. Outcome of an artificial coccidial infection in poults under the influence of floor heating. Poult. Sci. 92, 629–637, https://doi.org/10.3382/ps.201....
6. Becker W., 2004. Microalgae in human and animal nutrition. In: A. Richmond (Editor). Handbook of Microalgal Culture: Biotechnology and Applied Phycology. Blackwell Publishing Ltd. Hoboken, NJ (USA), pp. 312–351, https://doi.org/10.1002/978047....
7. Becker E.W., 2007. Micro-algae as a source of protein. Biotechnol. Adv. 25, 207–210, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biot....
8. Beski S.S.M., Swick R.A., Iji P.A., 2015. Specialized protein products in broiler chicken nutrition: a review. Anim. Nutr. 1, 47–53, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.anin....
9. Choct M., 1997. Enzymes in animal nutrition: the unseen benefits. in: R.R. Marquardt, Z. Han (Editors). Enzyme in Poultry and Swine Nutrition. International Development Research Centre. Ottawa (Canada), pp. 45–51.
10. Choct M., Dersjant-Li Y., McLeish J., Peisker M., 2010. Soy oligosaccharides and soluble non-starch polysaccharides: a review of digestion, nutritive and anti-nutritive effects in pigs and poultry. Asian-Australas. J. Anim. Sci. 23, 1386–1398, https://doi.org/10.5713/ajas.2....
11. Clandinin D.R., 1967. Nutrient composition of expeller, prepress-solvent and solvent processed rapeseed meals. Poult. Sci. 46, 1596–1597, https://doi.org/10.3382/ps.046....
12. Donkoh A., Anang D.M., Atuahene C.C., Koomson B., Oppong H.G., 2001. Further studies on the use of solar-dried blood meal as a feed ingredient for poultry. J. Anim. Feed. Sci. 10, 159–167, https://doi.org/10.22358/jafs/....
13. Ekstrand C., Algers B., Svedberg J., 1997. Rearing conditions and footpad dermatitis in Swedish broiler chickens. Prev. Vet. Med. 31, 167–174, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0167-....
14. Evans A.M., Smith D.L., Moritz J.S., 2015. Effects of algae incorporation into broiler starter diet formulations on nutrient digestibility and 3 to 21 d bird performance. J. Appl. Poult. Res. 24, 206–214, https://doi.org/10.3382/japr/p....
15. FAO, 2013. Dietary Protein Quality Evaluation in Human Nutrition. Report of an FAO Expert Consultation. FAO Food and Nutrition Paper 92. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome (Italy).
16. FAO, 2016. FAOSTAT. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome (Italy), http://www.fao.org/faostat/.
  WWW
17. Kamphues J., Youssef I., Abd El-Wahab A., Üffing B., Witte M., Tost M., 2011. Influences of feeding and housing on foot pad health in hens and turkeys (in German). Übers. Tierernähr. 39, 147–193.
18. Kermanshahi H., Abbasi Pour A.R., 2006. Replacement value of soybean meal with rapeseed meal supplemented with or without a dietary NSP-degrading enzyme on performance, carcass traits, and thyroid hormones of broiler chickens. Int. J. Poult. Sci. 5, 932–937, https://doi.org/10.3923/ijps.2....
19. Khawaja T., Ansari N.N., Hassan Khan S., 2007. Effect of different levels of blood meal on broiler performance during two phases of growth. Int. J. Poult. Sci. 6, 860–865, https://doi.org/10.3923/ijps.2....
20. Kocher A., Choct M., Porter M.D., Broz J., 2002. Effects of feed enzymes on nutritive value of soyabean meal fed to broilers. Br. Poult. Sci. 43, 54–63, https://doi.org/10.1080/000716....
21. Kölln M., Köpping M., Kamphues J., 2014. Partial substituting soybean meal in broiler diets by rapeseed meal: performance, composition of the litter and foot pad health. Proc. Soc. Nutr. Physiol. 23, 91.
22. Laudadio V., Tufarelli, V., 2011. Dehulled-micronised lupin (Lupinus albus L. cv. Multitalia) as the main protein source for broilers: influence on growth performance, carcass traits and meat fatty acid composition. J. Sci. Food Agric. 91, 2081–2087, https://doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.4....
23. March B.E., Biely J., 1971. An evaluation of the supplementary protein and metabolizable energy value of rapeseed meals for chicks. Can. J. Anim. Sci. 51, 749–756, https://doi.org/10.4141/cjas71....
24. Mayne R.K., Else R.W., Hocking P.M., 2007. High litter moisture alone is sufficient to cause footpad dermatitis in growing turkeys. Br. Poult. Sci. 48, 538–545, https://doi.org/10.1080/000716....
25. Mikulski D., Jankowski J., Zdunczyk Z., Juskiewicz J., Slominski B.A., 2012. The effect of different dietary levels of rapeseed meal on growth performance, carcass traits, and meat quality in turkeys. Poult. Sci. 91, 215–223, https://doi.org/10.3382/ps.201....
26. Nagel F., Slawski H., Adem H., Tressel R.-P., Wysujack K., Schulz C., 2012. Albumin and globulin rapeseed protein fractions as fish meal alternative in diets fed to rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss W.). Aquaculture 354–355, 121–127, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aqua....
27. Nahashon S.N., Adefope N., Amenyenu A., Wright D., 2006. Effect of varying metabolisable energy and crude protein concentrations in diets of pearl gray guinea fowl pullets 1. Growth performance. Poult. Sci. 85, 1847–1854, https://doi.org/10.1093/ps/85.....
28. Pulz O., Gross W., 2004. Valuable products from biotechnology of microalgae. Appl. Microbiol. Biotechnol. 65, 635–648, https://doi.org/10.1007/s00253....
29. Spolaore P., Joannis-Cassan C., Duran E., Isambert A., 2006. Commercial applications of microalgae. J. Biosci. Bioeng. 101, 87–96, https://doi.org/10.1263/jbb.10....
30. Taherparvar G., Seidavi A., Asadpour L., Payan-Carreira R., Laudadio V., Tufarelli V., 2016. Effect of litter treatment on growth performance, intestinal development, and selected cecum microbiota in broiler chickens. Rev. Bras. Zootecn. 45, 257–264, https://doi.org/10.1590/S1806-....
31. Toghyani M., Mohammedsalehi A., Gheisari A., Tabeidian S.A., 2009. The effect of low-glucosinolate rapeseed meal in diets with multi-enzyme supplement on performance and protein digestibility in broiler chicks. J. Anim. Feed Sci. 18, 313–321, https://doi.org/10.22358/jafs/....
32. Tufarelli V., Dario M., Laudadio V., 2007. Effect of xylanase supplementation and particle-size on performance of guinea fowl broilers fed wheat-based diets. Int. J. Poult. Sci. 4, 302–307, https://doi.org/10.3923/ijps.2....
33. van der Spiegel M., Noordam M.Y., van der Fels-Klerx H.J., 2013. Safety of novel protein sources (insects, microalgae, seaweed, duckweed, and rapeseed) and legislative aspects for their application in food and feed production. Compr. Rev. Food Sci. Food Saf. 12, 662–678, https://doi.org/10.1111/1541-4....
34. VDLUFA, 2012. VDLUFA Method Book. Volume III – The Chemical Analysis of Feed. 8th Supplement (in German). VDLUFA-Verlag, Darmstadt (Germany).
35. Yaakob Z., Ali E., Zainal A., Mohamed M., Takriff M.S., 2014. An overview: biomolecules from microalgae for animal feed and aquaculture. J. Biol. Res. (Thessalon) 21, 6, https://doi.org/10.1186/2241-5....
36. Youssef I.M.I., Beineke A., Rohn K., Kamphues J., 2011. Effects of high dietary levels of soybean meal and its constituents (potassium, oligosaccharides) on foot pad dermatitis in growing turkeys housed on dry and wet litter. Arch. Anim. Nutr. 65, 148–162, https://doi.org/10.1080/174503....
37. Zeb A., 1998. Possibilities and limitations of feeding rapeseed meal to broiler chicks. Ph.D. Thesis. Georg August University of Göttingen, Göttingen (Germany).
ISSN:1230-1388