ORIGINAL PAPER
Effect of milk replacer feeding frequency and level on concentrate intake and rearing performance of calves
 
More details
Hide details
1
Department of Animal Nutrition, Research Institute of Animal Production, 32-083 Balice, Poland
2
The Kielanowski Institute of Animal Physiology and Nutrition, Polish Academy of Sciences, 05-110 Jabłonna, Poland
3
Department of Animal Nutrition, Zootechnical Experimental Station, Research Institute of Animal Production, 32-083 Balice, Poland
Publication date: 2001-08-07
 
J. Anim. Feed Sci. 2001;10(3):413–420
 
KEYWORDS
ABSTRACT
Fifty-four Black-and-White bull calves divided into 5 groups of 10-11 animals aged from 6-8 to 120 days, were used to study the effect of liquid feeding frequency and the amount of milk replacer on concentrate intake and rearing performance. The milk replacer contained: dried skim milk, whey, buttermilk, and processed soya protein. The liquid feed was fed from 7 to 56 days of age once (S), twice (D) or three (T) times a day at limited feeding (L and L1/2), or feeding to appetite (V). The intake of milk replacer per calf in the experimental period was: 54 kg (groups SL, DL, TL), 27 kg (group SL1/2) or 87 kg of dried milk replacer (group TV). In groups SL, DL, TL, SL1/2 and TV, the liquid feed contained 155.5 g of solid milk replacer per kg of solution, and in group SV, 262 g of milk replacer per kg solution. All of the calves received concentrate to appetite and meadow hay (0.1-0.3 kg/day). It was found that at a similar intake of milk replacer (51 kg DM/calf), and once-daily liquid feeding compared with feeding twice and three times a day, daily weight gains were lower during the liquid feeding period, decreasing by 23% (594 g/day) despite an approximately 20% higher intake of concentrate. For the whole experimental period, these differences were insignificant at 7 and 4%, respectively. Calves of group SL1/2 consumed a similar amount of concentrate and achieved similar weight gains as those from group SL, which received twice as much milk replacer. In the other groups, calves consumed less concentrate but had higher daily liveweight gains. Feeding liquid feed (83 kg DM/calf) to appetite did not significantly affect daily concentrate intake and weight gains of calves in group TV compared with groups DL and TL, both during the liquid feeding period (838, 754 and 788 g/day, respectively) and during the whole experimental period (1080, 1026 and 1065 g/day, respectively). In all the groups after weaning, compensatory growth resulted in high daily weight gains of calves above 1200 g/day (P>0.05). The highest compensatory growth was found in groups SL and SL1/2.
 
CITATIONS (10):
1.
Effects of Feeding Rate and Concentrations of Protein and Fat of Milk Replacers Fed to Neonatal Calves
T.M. Hill, J.M. Aldrich, R.L. Schlotterbeck, H.G. Bateman
The Professional Animal Scientist
 
2.
Effects of Feeding Rate of Milk Replacers and Bedding Material for Calves in a Cold, Naturally Ventilated Nursery
T.M. Hill, H.G. Bateman, J.M. Aldrich, R.L. Schlotterbeck
The Professional Animal Scientist
 
3.
Methods of reducing milk replacer to prepare dairy calves for weaning when large amounts of milk replacer have been fed
T.M. Hill, H.G. Bateman, J.M. Aldrich, R.L. Schlotterbeck
The Professional Animal Scientist
 
4.
Effects of the Feeding Rate of High Protein Calf Milk Replacers
T.M. Hill, H.G. Bateman, J.M. Aldrich, R.L. Schlotterbeck
The Professional Animal Scientist
 
5.
Effect of Weaning Age of Dairy Calves Fed a Conventional or More Optimum Milk Replacer Program
T.M. Hill, H.G. Bateman, J.M. Aldrich, R.L. Schlotterbeck
The Professional Animal Scientist
 
6.
Effect of milk replacer program on digestion of nutrients in dairy calves
T.M. Hill, H.G. Bateman, J.M. Aldrich, R.L. Schlotterbeck
Journal of Dairy Science
 
7.
Effects of Feeding Calves Different Rates and Protein Concentrations of Twenty Percent Fat Milk Replacers on Growth During the Neonatal Period
T.M. Hill, J.M. Aldrich, R.L. Schlotterbeck, H.G. Bateman
The Professional Animal Scientist
 
8.
Feeding a calf starter containing highly digestible corn may improve calf growth1
David Casper, Shruti Srivastava, Brittney Strayer
Translational Animal Science
 
9.
Differing planes of pre- and postweaning phase nutrition in Holstein heifers: I. Effects on feed intake, growth efficiency, and metabolic and development indicators
J.P. Rosadiuk, T.C. Bruinjé, F. Moslemipur, A.J. Fischer-Tlustos, D.L. Renaud, D.J. Ambrose, M.A. Steele
Journal of Dairy Science
 
10.
Milk feeding quantity and feeding frequency: effects on growth performance, rumen fermentation and blood metabolites of Holstein dairy calves
Azam Jafari, Arash Azarfar, Gibson Alugongo, Gholam Ghorbani, Mehdi Mirzaei, Amir Fadayifar, Hossein Omidi-Mirzaei, Zhijun Cao, James Drackley, Ghaffari Hossieni
Italian Journal of Animal Science
 
ISSN:1230-1388