Effect of dietary supplementation of trace elements on the lipid peroxidation in broiler meat assessed after a refrigerated and frozen storage
V. Petrovič 1  
,   S. Marcinčák 2,   P. Popelka 2,   L. Nollet 3,   G. Kováč 1
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University of Veterinary Medicine, Clinic of Ruminants, 041 81 Košice, Slovak Republic
University of Veterinary Medicine, Department of Food Hygiene and Technology, 041 81 Košice, Slovak Republic
Alltech Netherlands BV, Gensesteenweg 190, 9800 Deinze, Belgium
V. Petrovič   

University of Veterinary Medicine, Clinic of Ruminants, 041 81 Košice, Slovak Republic
Publication date: 2009-06-24
J. Anim. Feed Sci. 2009;18(3):499–507
The aim of this study was to determine the effect of dietary supplementation of Cu, Zn, Fe, Mn and Se on the lipid peroxidation in broiler meat assessed after the refrigerated and frozen storage. Broiler chicks Ross 308 were randomly divided at the day of hatching into 4 groups and fed for 42 days with the diets containing a different amount and form of Cu, Fe, Zn, Mn and Se. The diets for the 1st and 2nd group of birds were supplemented with the equivalent amounts of trace elements in an inorganic form (Cu sulphate, 5 mg/kg; Fe sulphate, Zn oxide and Mn oxide, 50 mg/kg), however sodium selenite or selenized yeast were given in a dose of Se 0.3 mg/kg, respectively. The 3rd and 4th group received the same feed as chickens in the 1st and 2nd group but with the highly reduced amount of supplemented nutrients in the organic “proteinated” form (Bioplex Cu, 2.5 mg/kg; Bioplex Fe, Bioplex Zn and Bioplex Mn, 10 mg/kg), except of selenium which was given in a dose of Se 0.3 mg/kg as sodium selenite or selenized yeast, respectively. The diet supplemented with the trace elements in the proteinated forms that were restricted to 50% (Cu), 20% (Fe, Zn and Mn) and on its regular level (Se) had the same effect on the carcass weight, weight of breast and thigh parts and the concentration of trace minerals in a muscle (except of Se) as the feeding of diet with the recommended dose of inorganic nutrients. The selenized yeast was shown to be more effective in the formation of Se deposit in the muscle of broilers than sodium selenite. On the other hand, the feeding of diet supplemented only with inorganic forms of Cu, Fe, Zn, Mn and Se influenced the quality of broiler meat assessed after the refrigerated and frozen storage. The peroxide value and malondialdehyde value increased significantly in breast and thigh muscle of chickens in this group, what could be possibly explained by the negative interactions between sodium selenite and transition metal ions when supplemented in the form of inorganic salts.
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