REVIEW PAPER
A review of starch digestion in the lactating dairy cow and proposals for a mechanistic model: 2. Postruminal starch digestion and small intestinal glucose absorption
 
More details
Hide details
1
The University of Reading, Centre for Dairy Research, Department of Agriculture, Earley Gate, PO Box 236, Reading RG6 6AT, UK
2
WlAS Animal Nutrition, Wageningen Agricultural University, Marijkeweg 40, PO Box 338, 6700 AH Wageningen, The Netherlands
Publication date: 1999-10-07
 
J. Anim. Feed Sci. 1999;8(4):451–481
 
KEYWORDS
ABSTRACT
The objective of this paper is to review the literature concerning postruminal starch digestion and glucose absorption in the lactating dairy cow and to propose the framework for a mechanistic model representing these processes. Postruminal starch digestion is of particular importance where high levels of rumen escape starch flow from the rumen. However, the digestion of starch and absorption of the resulting glucose within the small intestine may be limited by pancreatic secretion of α-amylase and the distribution of SGLT1 glucose transporters respectively. During the investigation, use is made of data gathered from both in vivo and in vitro studies concerning mainly lactating dairy cows. The relative importance of ruminal and postruminal starch digestion is discussed along with the significance of dietary starch source and processing method as factors affecting postruminal starch digestion. Postruminal starch digestion and intestinal glucose uptake becomes increasingly important at high starch intakes. Other factors influencing the nature of starch digestion are also presented in order to allow the interpretation of experimental data and hence the development of a conceptual model of starch digestion. The review subsequently examines postruminal starch digestion as it is represented in extant models of ruminant digestion and discusses the essential elements of a digestion model that would have the required capability to accurately account for the fate of rumen escape starch in a range of practical feeding situations. Whilst the digestion of starch within the rumen is well represented in several working models presented in the literature, postruminal starch digestion and glucose uptake has been largely ignored. Finally, a proposed framework is presented as a scheme upon which a future model of starch digestion in the dairy cow may be built.
 
CITATIONS (29):
1.
Simulating the effects of grassland management and grass ensiling on methane emission from lactating cows
A. BANNINK, M. C. J. SMITS, E. KEBREAB, J. A. N. MILLS, J. L. ELLIS, A. KLOP, J. FRANCE, J. DIJKSTRA
The Journal of Agricultural Science
 
2.
Effect of maize starch concentration in the diet on starch and cell wall digestion in the dairy cow
A. M. Van Vuuren, V. A. Hindle, A. Klop, J. W. Cone
Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
 
3.
Late gestation undernutrition can predispose for visceral adiposity by altering fat distribution patterns and increasing the preference for a high-fat diet in early postnatal life
M. O. Nielsen, A. H. Kongsted, M. P. Thygesen, A. B. Strathe, S. Caddy, B. Quistorff, W. Jørgensen, V. G. Christensen, S. Husted, A. Chwalibog, K. Sejrsen, S. Purup, E. Svalastoga, F. J. McEvoy, L. Johnsen
British Journal of Nutrition
 
4.
Site and extent of starch degradation in the dairy cow - a comparison between in vivo, in situ and in vitro measurements
V. A. Hindle, A. M. Vuuren van, A. Klop, A. A. Mathijssen-Kamman, A. H. van Gelder, J. W. Cone
Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
 
5.
Starch digestion in the rumen, small intestine, and hind gut of dairy cows – A meta-analysis
A. Moharrery, M. Larsen, M.R. Weisbjerg
Animal Feed Science and Technology
 
6.
Glucose transporters and enzymes related to glucose synthesis in small intestinal mucosa of mid-lactation dairy cows fed 2 levels of starch
A.-K. Lohrenz, K. Duske, U. Schönhusen, B. Losand, H.M. Seyfert, C.C. Metges, H.M. Hammon
Journal of Dairy Science
 
7.
Assessment of the mobile bag method for estimation of in vivo starch digestibility
T. Ghoorchi, P. Lund, M. Larsen, T. Hvelplund, J. Hansen-Møller, M. R. Weisbjerg
animal
 
8.
Effect of temperature and duration of ensiling onin vitrodegradation of maize silages in rumen fluid
M. Ali, J. W. Cone, N. A. Khan, W. H. Hendriks, P. C. Struik
Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
 
9.
Adaptation of the rumen microbial population to native potato starch degradation determined with the gas production technique and the nylon bag technique
J. W. Cone, A. H. van Gelder
Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
 
10.
A mechanistic model of small intestinal starch digestion and glucose uptake in the cow
J.A.N. Mills, J. France, J.L. Ellis, L.A. Crompton, A. Bannink, M.D. Hanigan, J. Dijkstra
Journal of Dairy Science
 
11.
Estimation of the in situ degradation of the washout fraction of starch by using a modified in situ protocol and in vitro measurements
L. H. de Jonge, H. van Laar, J. Dijkstra
animal
 
12.
Metabolic trajectories based on 1H NMR spectra of urines from sheep exposed to nutritional challenges during prenatal and early postnatal life
Nils T. Nyberg, Mette Olaf Nielsen, Jerzy W. Jaroszewski
Metabolomics
 
13.
Effects of dietary starch content and rate of fermentation on methane production in lactating dairy cows
B. Hatew, S.C. Podesta, H. Van Laar, W.F. Pellikaan, J.L. Ellis, J. Dijkstra, A. Bannink
Journal of Dairy Science
 
14.
Effect of abomasally infused casein on post-ruminal digestibility of total non-structural carbohydrates and milk yield and composition in dairy cows
S. M. Abramson, I. Bruckental, S. Zamwel, A. Arieli
Animal Science
 
15.
Influence of prolonged adaptation periods on starch degradation in the digestive tract of dairy cows
A Matthé, P Lebzien, I Hric, G Flachowsky
Animal Feed Science and Technology
 
16.
An integrated mathematical model to evaluate nutrient partition in dairy cattle between the animal and its environment
E Kebreab, J.A.N Mills, L.A Crompton, A Bannink, J Dijkstra, W.J.J Gerrits, J France
Animal Feed Science and Technology
 
17.
Effect of Corn Particle Size on Site and Extent of Starch Digestion in Lactating Dairy Cows
D. Rémond, J.I. Cabrera-Estrada, M. Champion, B. Chauveau, R. Coudure, C. Poncet
Journal of Dairy Science
 
18.
Site of Nutrient Digestion by Dairy Cows Fed Corn of Different Particle Sizes or Steam-Rolled
S.L. Callison, J.L. Firkins, M.L. Eastridge, B.L. Hull
Journal of Dairy Science
 
19.
Technical Note: Assessment of Recovery Site of Mobile Nylon Bags for Measuring Ileal Digestibility of Starch in Dairy Cows
E. Norberg, H. Volden, O.M. Harstad
Journal of Dairy Science
 
20.
The effect of silage type on animal performance, energy utilisation and enteric methane emission in lactating dairy cows
M. Günal, A. McCourt, Y. Zhao, Z. G. Yan, T. Yan
Animal Production Science
 
21.
Dietary Energy Source in Dairy Cows in Early Lactation: Energy Partitioning and Milk Composition
A.T.M. van Knegsel, H. van den Brand, J. Dijkstra, W.M. van Straalen, M.J.W. Heetkamp, S. Tamminga, B. Kemp
Journal of Dairy Science
 
22.
Effect of starch granule structure, associated components and processing on nutritive value of cereal starch: A review
B. Svihus, A.K. Uhlen, O.M. Harstad
Animal Feed Science and Technology
 
23.
Starch digestion site : influence of ruminal and abomasal starch infusion on starch digestion and utilization in dairy cows
S. M. Abramson, I. Bruckental, L. Lipshitz, U. Moalem, S. Zamwel, A. Arieli
Animal Science
 
24.
Production and metabolic effects of site of starch digestion in dairy cattle
C.K. Reynolds
Animal Feed Science and Technology
 
25.
Effect of starch application into the proximal duodenum of ruminants on starch digestibility in the small and total intestine
A. Matthé, P. Lebzien, I. Hric, G. Flachowsky, A. Sommer
Archiv für Tierernaehrung
 
26.
Digestion site of starch from cereals and legumes in lactating dairy cows
M. Larsen, P. Lund, M.R. Weisbjerg, T. Hvelplund
Animal Feed Science and Technology
 
27.
Application of a dynamic mechanistic model of small intestinal starch digestion in the dairy cow
J. Mills, E. Kebreab, L. Crompton, J. Dijkstra, J. France
Proceedings of the British Society of Animal Science
 
28.
Effects of substitution of beet pulp for barley or corn in the diet of high-producing dairy cows on feeding behavior, performance, and ruminal fermentation
M. Nemati, F. Hashemzadeh, G.R. Ghorbani, E. Ghasemi, M. Khorvash, M.H. Ghaffari, S.M. Nasrollahi
Journal of Dairy Science
 
29.
Effect of Hybrid Rye and Maize Grain Processing on Ruminal and Postruminal Digestibility Parameters
Patrycja Rajtar, Paweł Górka, Tomasz Schwarz, Piotr Micek
Annals of Animal Science
 
ISSN:1230-1388