1.054
IF5
1.150
IF
Q3
JCR
1.7
CiteScore
0.396
SJR
Q2
SJR
40
MNiSW
148.75
ICV
ORIGINAL PAPER
 
CC-BY-NC 4.0
 
 

Rapid responses in bovine milk fatty acid composition and phenol content to various tanniferous forages

A. Birkinshaw 1,  
A. Schwarm 2,  
S. Marquardt 3,  
M. Kreuzer 1,  
M. Terranova 4  
 
1
ETH Zurich, Institute of Agricultural Sciences, Universitätstrasse 2, 8092 Zurich, Switzerland
2
Norwegian University of Life Sciences, Department of Animal and Aquacultural Sciences Arboretveien 6, 1433 Ås, Norway
3
International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI), Mazingira Centre, Nairobi 00100, Kenya
4
ETH Zurich, AgroVet-Strickhof, Eschikon 27, 8315 Lindau, Switzerland
J. Anim. Feed Sci. 2020;29(4):297–305
Publication date: 2020-12-19
KEYWORDS
TOPICS
ABSTRACT
Milk and dairy products considerably contribute to the nutritional value of human diets. In order to benefit human nutrition bovine milk fatty acid composition and phenol content are effectively manipulated by the cow’s diet. However, response times taken for these alterations to occur have not been quantified. In the present study, fatty acid composition and phenol content of the milk were evaluated after three days of feeding six cows six different diets, supplemented with six different tanniferous plants (hazel, silver birch, blackcurrant, grape vine, wood avens and rosebay willow with total tannin concentrations of 26, 36, 42, 52, 55 and 79 g/kg dry matter, respectively). Lucerne was applied as the low-phenol control diet. Substantial changes in total phenols and fatty acids were found in milk samples after just three days. Proportions of cis-9 trans-11 C18:2 and trans-11 C18:1 declined by 29 and 68%, respectively, in comparison to milk from cows fed lucerne, indicating a definitive ruminal biohydrogenation response. However, there were no significant effects between test plants and lucerne when comparing C18:3 n-3 and C18:2 n-6 proportions in milk fat. So, it was demonstrated that phenols and certain individual fatty acids in bovine milk can be rapidly modified by adding specific tanniferous plants to the diet.
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
M. Terranova   
ETH Zurich, AgroVet-Strickhof, Eschikon 27, 8315 Lindau, Switzerland
 
REFERENCES (31):
1. Alenisan M.A., Alqattan H.H., Tolbah L.S., Shori A.B., 2017. Antioxidant properties of dairy products fortified with natural additives: A review. J. Assn. Arab. Univ. Basic Appl. Sci. 24, 101‒106, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jaub....
2. Białek M., Czauderna M., Białek A., 2017. Conjugated linolenic acid (CLnA) isomers as new bioactive lipid compounds in ruminant-derived food products. A review. J. Anim Feed. Sci. 26, 354‒358, https://doi.org/10.22358/jafs/....
3. Calder P., 2015. Functional roles of fatty acids and their effects on human health. J. Parenteral Enteral Nutr. 39, S1, 18S‒32S, https://doi.org/10.1177/014860....
4. Castro T., Martinez D., Isabel B., Cabezas A., Jimeno V., 2019. Vegetable oils rich in polyunsaturated fatty acids supplementation of dairy cows' diets: Effects on productive and reproductive performance. Animals 9, 205, http://doi.org/10.3390/ani9050....
5. Chilliard Y., Glasser F., Ferlay A., Bernard L., Rouel J., Doreau M., 2007. Diet, rumen biohydrogenation and nutritional quality of cow and goat milk fat. Europ. J. Lipid Sci. Technol. 109, 82‒55, https://doi.org/10.1002/ejlt.2....
6. Collomb M., Bühler T., 2000. Analysis of the fatty acid composition of milk fat. Optimisation and validation of a general high resolution method (in French). Travaux de chimie alimentaire et d’hygiène 91, 306‒332.
7. Denninger T.M., Schwarm A., Birkinshaw A., et al., 2020. Immediate effect of Acacia mearnsii tannins on methane emissions and milk fatty acid profiles of dairy cows. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol. 261, 114338, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.anif....
8. Frutos P., Hervás G., Giráldez F.J., Mantecón A.R., 2004. Review. Tannins and ruminant nutrition. Span. J. Agric. Res. 2, 191‒202, https://doi.org/10.5424/sjar/2....
9. German J.B., Dillard C.J., 2006. Composition, structure and absorption of milk lipids: A source of energy, fat-soluble nutrients and bioactive molecules. Crit. Rev. Food Sci. Nutr. 46, 57‒92, https://doi.org/10.1080/104086....
10. Hanuš O., Samková E., Křížová L., Hasoňová L., Kala R., 2018. Role of fatty acids in milk fat and the influence of selected factors on their variability-A review. Molecules 23, 1636, http://doi.org/10.3390/molecul....
11. IUPAC Method 2.301, 1987. Standard Methods for Analysis of Oils, Fats and Derivatives in Report of IUPAC Working Group WG 2/87 7th ed. by Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford.
12. Jayanegara A., Wina E., Soliva C.R., Marquardt S., Kreuzer M., Leiber F., 2011. Dependence of forage quality and methanogenic potential of tropical plants on their phenolic fractions as determined by principal component analysis. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol. 163, 231–243, http://doi.org/10.1016/j.anife....
13. Khiaosa-Ard R., Bryner S.F., Scheeder M.R.L., Wettstein H-R., Leiber F., Kreuzer M., Soliva C.R., 2009. Evidence for the inhibition of the terminal step of ruminal α-linolenic acid biohydrogenation by condensed tannins. J. Dairy Sci. 92, 177‒188, https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.20....
14. Leparmarai P.T., Sinz S., Liesegang A., Ortmann S., Kreuzer M., Marquardt S., 2019. Transfer of total phenols from a grape-seed supplemented diet to dairy sheep and goat milk, and effects on performance and milk quality. J. Anim. Sci. 97, 1840‒1851, https://doi.org/10.1093/jas/sk....
15. Lourenço M., Ramos-Morales E., Wallace R.J., 2010. The role of microbes in rumen lipolysis and biohydrogenation and their manipulation. Animal 4, 1008‒1023, https://doi.org/10.1017/s17517....
16. Majewska P., Kowalik B., 2020. Growth performance, carcass characteristics, fatty acid composition, and blood biochemical parameters of lamb fed diet with the addition of lingonberry leaves and oak bark. Europ. J. Lipid Sci. Technol., 122, 1900273, http://doi.org/10.1002/ejlt.20....
17. Makkar H.P.S., 2003. Quantification of tannin measurement in tree and shrub foliage: A laboratory manual. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, the Netherlands.
18. Månsson H.L., 2008. Fatty acids in bovine milk fat. Food Nutr. Res. 52, https://doi.org/10.3402/fnr.v5....
19. Morales R., Ungerfeld E.M., 2015. Use of tannins to improve fatty acids profile of meat and milk quality in ruminants: A review. Chilean J. Agric. Res. 75, 239‒248, https://doi.org/10.4067/S0718-....
20. Palmquist D.R., Jenkins T.C., 2017. A 100 year review: fat feeding of dairy cows. J. Dairy Sci. 100, 10061‒10077, https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.20....
21. Petit H.V., Dewhurst R.J., Scollan N.D., Proulx J.D., Khalid M., Haresign W., Twagiramungu H., Mann G.E., 2002. Milk production and composition, ovarian function and prostaglandin secretion of dairy cows fed omega-3 fats. J. Dairy Sci. 85, 889‒899, https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.s0....
22. Singh A., Nayak S., Baghel R.P.S., Khare A., Malapure C.D., Thakur D.S, Sharma P., Singh B.P, 2018. Dietary manipulations to alter milk fat composition. J. Entomol. Zool. 6, 176‒181.
23. Soberon A., Cherney J.H., Liu R.H., Ross D.A., Cherney D.J.R., 2012. Free ferulic acid uptake in lactating cows. J. Dairy Sci. 95, 6563‒6570, https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.20....
24. Suter B., Grob K., Pacciarelli B., 1997. determination of fat content and fatty acid composition though 1-min transesterification in the food sample: principles, Z. Lebensm Unters Forsch A 204, 252–258, https://doi.org/10.1007/s00217....
25. Terranova M., Wang S., Eggerschwiler L., Braun U., Kreuzer M., Schwarm A., 2019. Dose-response effect of woody and herbaceous forage plants to in vitro ruminal methane and ammonia formation, and their short-term palatability in lactating cows. Animal 14, 538–548, http://doi.org/10.1017/S175173....
26. Vasta V., Daghio M., Cappucci A., Buccioni A., Serra A., Vitti C., Mele, M., 2019. Invited review: Plant polyphenols and rumen microbiota responsible for fatty acid biohydrogenation, fiber digestion, and methane emission: Experimental evidence and methodological approaches. J. Dairy Sci. 102, 3781–3804, https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.20....
27. Vasta V., Mele M., Serra A., Scerra M., Luciano G., Lanza M., Priolo, A., 2009. Metabolic fate of fatty acids involved in ruminal biohydrogenation in sheep fed concentrate or herbage with or without tannins. J. Anim. Sci. 87, 2674–2684, https://doi.org/10.2527/jas.20....
28. Vázquez C.V., Rojas M.G.V., Ramírez C.A., et al., 2015. Total phenolic compounds in milk from different species. Design of an extraction technique for quantification using the Folin–Ciocalteu method. Food Chem. 176:480-486, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.food....
29. Vuazour D., Rodriguez-Mateous A., Corona G., Oruna-Concha M.J., Spencer J.P.E., 2010. Polyphenols and human health: Prevention of disease and mechanisms of action. Nutrients 2, 1106‒1131, https://doi.org/10.3390/nu2111....
30. Wettstein H-R., Scheeder M.R.L., Sutter F., Kreuzer M., 2001. Effect of lecithins partly replacing rumen-protected fat on fatty acid digestion and composition of cow milk. Eur J Lipid Sci. Technol. 103, 12–22, https://doi.org/10.1002/1438-9....
31. Willcox J.K., Ash S.L., Catignani G.L., 2004. Antioxidants and prevention of chronic disease. Crit. Rev. Food Sci. Nutr. 44, 275‒295, https://doi.org/10.1080/104086....
Copy url
Share
 
 
ISSN:1230-1388