ORIGINAL PAPER
Performance, egg quality, blood profile, immune function, and antioxidant enzyme activities in laying hens fed diets with thyme powder
 
More details
Hide details
1
Zagazig University, Poultry Department, Faculty of Agriculture, Zagazig 44111, Egypt
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
M. Alagawany   

Zagazig University, Poultry Department, Faculty of Agriculture, Zagazig 44111, Egypt
Publication date: 2015-06-14
 
J. Anim. Feed Sci. 2015;24(2):127–133
 
KEYWORDS
ABSTRACT
This study evaluated the effect of thyme (Thymus vulgaris L.) on productive performance, egg quality, blood profile, immune function and antioxidant enzyme activity in laying hens. A total of 96 thirty-six-week-old laying hens were assigned to a basal control diet or a diet supplemented with 3, 6, or 9 g · kg–1 of thyme fed from 36 to 52 weeks of age. Hens were divided into four equal groups replicated six times with four hens per replicate. No significant differences were observed among the dietary treatments in body weight change, feed consumption, or feed conversion ratio. Supplementation of thyme up to 6 g · kg–1 in the diet led to an increase in egg weight compared with the basal diet. Egg number was not (P > 0.05) influenced by thyme supplementation, except from 36 to 40 weeks of age. Birds fed diets with 3 or 6 g · kg–1 of thyme had greater (P < 0.05) egg mass than those fed the unsupplemented diet or that with 9 g · kg–1 of thyme. Dietary supplementation with thyme exhibited a significantly positive effect on parameters related to immunity and lipid profile. Serum superoxide dismutase activity and reduced glutathione concentration were significantly increased in groups fed diets with thyme (P = 0.010 and P < 0.001, respectively). The malondialdehyde concentration was decreased (P = 0.048) in experimental groups in comparison with the control. In conclusion, thyme supplemented up to 9 g · kg–1 diet can be used as an effective feed additive to improve productive performance, blood profile and antioxidant enzyme activities in laying hens.
 
CITATIONS (26):
1.
Beneficial impacts of thymol essential oil on health and production of animals, fish and poultry: a review
Mohamed Ezzat Abd El-Hack, Mahmoud Alagawany, Mayada Ragab Farag, Ruchi Tiwari, Kumaragurubaran Karthik, Kuldeep Dhama, Jalil Zorriehzahra, Milad Adel
Journal of Essential Oil Research
 
2.
Impact of thyme powder (Thymus vulgaris L.) supplementation on gene expression profiles of cytokines and economic efficiency of broiler diets
Fardos A. M. Hassan, Ashraf Awad
Environmental Science and Pollution Research
 
3.
Efficacy of phytogenic feed additive on performance, production and health status of monogastric animals – a review
Santi Devi Upadhaya, In Ho Kim
Annals of Animal Science
 
4.
Effect of gradual substitution of soyabean meal by Nigella sativa meal on growth performance, carcass traits and blood lipid profile of growing Japanese quail
M. Abd El-Hack, M. Alagawany, M. Saeed, M. Arif, M. Arain, Z. Bhutto, S. Fazlani
Journal of Animal and Feed Sciences
 
5.
Influences of dietary supplementation of peanut skin powder (Arachis Hypogaea) on growth performance, carcass traits, blood chemistry, antioxidant activity and meat quality of broilers
M. E. Abd El-Hack, E. A. Ashour, Gh. M. Elaraby, A. O. Osman, M. Arif
Animal Production Science
 
6.
Phytochemistry and beneficial impacts of cinnamon (Cinnamomum zeylanicum) as a dietary supplement in poultry diets
M. SAEED, A.A. KAMBOH, S.F. SYED, D. BABAZADEH, I. SUHERYANI, Q.A. SHAH, M. UMAR, I. KAKAR, M. NAVEED, M.E. ABD EL-HACK, M. ALAGAWANY, S. CHAO
World's Poultry Science Journal
 
7.
Effects of clove (Syzygium aromaticum) oil on quail growth, carcass traits, blood components, meat quality, and intestinal microbiota
Mohamed M A Hussein, Mohamed E Abd El-Hack, Samir A Mahgoub, Islam M Saadeldin, Ayman A Swelum
Poultry Science
 
8.
Effect of Forage Moringa oleifera L. (moringa) on Animal Health and Nutrition and Its Beneficial Applications in Soil, Plants and Water Purification
Mohamed Abd El-Hack, Mahmoud Alagawany, Ahmed Elrys, El-Sayed Desoky, Hala Tolba, Ahmed Elnahal, Shaaban Elnesr, Ayman Swelum
Agriculture
 
9.
Immunohaematological status and mRNA expression of the genes encoding interleukin-6, nuclear-factor kappa B, and tumor-necrosis factor-α in the spleen of broilers supplemented with dietary rutin
Ashraf Awad, Asmaa Zaglool, Samah Khalil
Animal Production Science
 
10.
Use of Whey Protein Concentrates in Broiler Diets
Elwy Ashour, El-Hack Abd, Mahmoud Alagawany, Ayman Swelum, Ali Osman, Islam Saadeldin, Mahmoud Abdel-Hamid, El-Sayed Hussein
The Journal of Applied Poultry Research
 
11.
Nutritional applications and beneficial health applications of green tea and l ‐theanine in some animal species: A review
Mahmoud Alagawany, El‐Hack Abd, Muhammad Saeed, Muhammad Naveed, Muhammad Arain, Muhammad Arif, Ruchi Tiwari, Rekha Khandia, Sandip Khurana, Kumaragurubaran Karthik, Mohd. Yatoo, Ashok Munjal, Prakash Bhatt, Khan Sharun, Hafiz Iqbal, Chao Sun, Kuldeep Dhama
Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
 
12.
Influence of Nigella sativa and rosemary oils on growth performance, biochemical, antioxidant and immunological parameters, and pathological changes in Japanese quail challenged with Escherichia coli
A. Aziza, F. Abdelhamid, E. Risha, M. Elsayed, W. Awadin
Journal of Animal and Feed Sciences
 
13.
Dietary supplementation of soybean glycinin can alter the growth, carcass traits, blood biochemical indices, and meat quality of broilers
Ali Osman, May Bin-Jumah, El-Hack Abd, Ghada Elaraby, Ayman Swelum, Ayman Taha, Mahmoud Sitohy, Ahmed Allam, Elwy Ashour
Poultry Science
 
14.
Feed Additives
David Harrington, Heidi Hall, David Wilde, Wendy Wakeman
 
15.
Effects of dried okra fruit (Abelmoschus esculentus L.) powder on growth, carcass characteristics, blood indices, and meat quality of stored broiler meat
Elwy Ashour, May Bin-Jumah, Sayed-Ahmed Abou, Ali Osman, Ayman Taha, Maha Momenah, Ahmed Allam, Ayman Swelum, El-Hack Abd
Poultry Science
 
16.
The efficacy of clove and thyme against experimentally induced Candidiasis in broilers
fatah Abdel, Aza Hassan, Rasha Saleh, Magdy Amer
Mansoura Veterinary Medical Journal
 
17.
Consequences of various housing systems and dietary supplementation of thymol, carvacrol and euganol on performance, egg quality, blood chemistry and antioxidant parameters
Ghanima Abo, Mahmoud Alagawany, El-Hack Abd, Ayman Taha, Shaaban Elnesr, Jamaan Ajarem, Ahmed Allam, Ayman Mahmoud
Poultry Science
 
18.
Does the dietary graded levels of herbal mixture powder impact growth, carcase traits, blood indices and meat quality of the broilers?
Elwy Ashour, El-Hack Abd, Ayman Swelum, Ali Osman, Ayman Taha, Ahmad Alhimaidi, Ismail Ismail
Italian Journal of Animal Science
 
19.
The use of cold pressed oils as eco-friendly alternatives for antibiotics in high and low-CP diets of laying Japanese quail
Mahmoud Alagawany, Mohamed El-Hindawy, Laila Mohamed, Rana Bilal, Jamila Soomro
Animal Biotechnology
 
20.
The biological effects of microencapsulated organic acids and botanicals induces tissue-specific and dose-dependent changes to the Gallus gallus microbiota
Kristina Feye, Christina Swaggerty, Michael Kogut, Steven Ricke, Andrea Piva, Ester Grilli
BMC Microbiology
 
21.
Approaches to prevent and control Campylobacter spp. colonization in broiler chickens: a review
El-Hack Abd, Mohamed El-Saadony, Abdelrazeq Shehata, Muhammad Arif, Vinod Paswan, Gaber Batiha, Asmaa Khafaga, Ahmed Elbestawy
Environmental Science and Pollution Research
 
22.
The effects of clove seeds (Syzygium aromaticum) dietary administration on carcass characteristics, meat quality and sensory attributes of broiler chickens
Gamal Suliman, Abdullah Alowaimer, Saud Al-Mufarrej, Elsayed Hussein, Esam Fazea, Mohammed Naiel, Rashed Alhotan, Ayman Swelum
Poultry Science
 
23.
Impacts of dietary supplementation of Boswellia serrata on growth, nutrients digestibility, immunity, antioxidant status, carcase traits and caecum microbiota of broilers
Salah Mohamed, Adel Attia, Fayez Reda, El-Hack Abd, Ismail Ismail
Italian Journal of Animal Science
 
24.
Short- and long-term dynamics of the physiological and behavioral response to heat stress and thymol supplementation in Japanese quail
Maria Fernandez, Maria Labaque, Gabriel Orso, Raúl Marin, Jackelyn Kembro
Journal of Thermal Biology
 
25.
Effects of Phytogenic Feed Additives on the Reproductive Performance of Animals
Ayman Swelum, Nesrein Hashem, Sameh Abdelnour, Ayman Taha, Husein Ohran, Asmaa Khafaga, Khaled El-Tarabily, El-Hack Abd
Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences
 
26.
The use of some plant-derived products as effective alternatives to antibiotic growth promoters in organic poultry production: a review
Alireza Seidavi, Masomeh Tavakoli, Marina Slozhenkina, Ivan Gorlov, Nesrein Hashem, Fariborz Asroosh, Ayman Taha, El-Hack Abd, Ayman Swelum
Environmental Science and Pollution Research
 
ISSN:1230-1388