Influence of early feeding with different diet composition on performance and intestinal morphology of layer-type chicks during the brooding period
More details
Hide details
Menoufia University, Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Poultry Production, P.O. Box 32514, Shibin El-Kom, Egypt
Menoufia University, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Department of Nutrition and Clinical Nutrition, P.O. Box 32514, Shibin El-Kom, Egypt
Publication date: 2018-09-13
Corresponding author
S. Selim   

Menoufia University, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Department of Nutrition and Clinical Nutrition, P.O. Box 32514, Shibin El-Kom, Egypt
J. Anim. Feed Sci. 2018;27(3):268-275
The study was conducted to examine the effects of early feeding with diets of different composition or fasting for 72 h on performance, intestinal organs development and intestinal histomorphology of layer-type chicks during the brooding period. In total, 400 chicks (50% males, 50% females) were randomly allocated to 4 treatments with 4 replications of 25 chicks each. The dietary treatments during the first 72 h of life were: T1 (control) – fasting, T2 – a starter layer diet containing crude protein (CP) 20% and metabolizable energy (ME) 11.84 MJ/kg, T3 – a diet containing 20% CP and 11.81 MJ/kg ME (3% molasses in its composition), and T4 – a starter broiler diet (23% CP and 12.68 MJ/kg ME). For the whole 42-day experimental period, it was indicated that birds fed T4 and T3 diets had higher body weight gain and better feed conversion ratio than fasted ones. Chicks fed T4 diet had the highest intestinal weight and length at day 14 of age. Whereas, birds from T3 group had increased gizzard weight than other groups both at days 14 and 28 of age. At day 14 of age, increased duodenal villus height and width and smaller crypt depth were recorded in T4 group in comparison to fasted and other groups of animals. Longer villi and smaller crypt depth of jejunum were found in T4 and T3 chicks than in fasted ones. Longer ileal villi was observed in T4 birds at day 14 of age. The obtained results suggest that early feeding with a diet rich in CP or containing molasses addition has beneficial effects on the production performance and intestinal development of layer-type chicks.
Abd-El Rahman S.A., Attia Y.A., 2001. Response of Norfa white egg breeders to amino acid supplementations to low protein diets. Arch. Geflugelk. 66, 35–42.
Abed F., Karimi A., Sadeghi G., Shivazad M., Dashti S., Sadeghi- Sefidmazgi A., 2011. Do broiler chicks possess enough growth potential to compensate long-term feed and water depravation during the neonatal period? S. Afr. J. Anim. Sci. 41, 33–39, https://doi.org/10.4314/sajas.....
AOAC International, 2005. Official Methods of Analysis of AOAC International. 18th Edition. Gaithersburg, MD (USA).
Batal A.B., Parsons C.M., 2004. Utilization of various carbohydrate sources as affected by age in the chick. Poult. Sci. 83, 1140–1147, https://doi.org/10.1093/ps/83.....
de Verdal H., Mignon-Grasteau S., Jeulin C., Le Bihan-Duval E., Leconte M., Mallet S., Martin C., Narcy A., 2010. Digestive tract measurements and histological adaptation in broiler lines divergently selected for digestive efficiency. Poult. Sci. 89, 1955–1961, https://doi.org/10.3382/ps.201....
El-Husseiny O.M., Abou El-Wafa S., El-Komy H.M.A., 2008. Influence of fasting or early feeding on broiler performance. Int. Poult. Sci. 7, 263–271, https://doi.org/10.3923/ijps.2....
Geyra A., Uni Z., Sklan D., 2001. Enterocyte dynamics and mucosal development in the posthatch chick. Poult. Sci. 80, 776–782, https://doi.org/10.1093/ps/80.....
Gonzales E., Kondo N., Saldanha E.S., Loddy M.M., Careghi C., Decuypere E., 2003. Performance and physiological parameters of broiler chickens subjected to fasting on the neonatal period. Poult. Sci. 82, 1250–1256, https://doi.org/10.1093/ps/82.....
Keerqin C., Wu S.-B., Svihus B., Swick R., Morgan N., Choct M., 2017. An early feeding regime and a high-density amino acid diet on growth performance of broilers under subclinical necrotic enteritis challenge. Anim. Nutr. 3, 25–32, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.anin....
Kolstad N., Abdou F.H., 2000. NORFA: The Norwegian-Egyptian project for improving local breeds of laying hens in Egypt. In: S. Galal, J. Boyazoglu, K. Hammond (Editors). Proceedings of the Workshop on Developing Breeding Strategies for Lower Input Animal Production Environments. Bella (Italy). ICAR. Technical Series 3. ICAR, Villa del Ragno, Rome (Italy), pp. 301–306.
Longo F.A., Menten J.F.M., Pedroso A.A., Figueiredo A.N., Racanicci A.M.C., Gaiotto J.B., Sorbara J.O.B., 2005. Carbohydrates in the diets of newly hatched chicks. Rev. Bras. Zootec. 34, 123–133, https://doi.org/10.1590/S1516-....
Mikec M., Biđin Z., Valentić A., Savić V., Amšel Zelenika T., RagužÐurić R., Lukaé Novak I., Baleńovic M., 2006. Influence of environmental and nutritional stressors on yolk sac utilization, development of chicken gastrointestinal system and its immune status. Worlds Poult. Sci. J. 62, 31–40, https://doi.org/10.1079/WPS200....
Noy Y., Sklan D., 1999. Different types of early feeding and performance in chicks and poultry. J. Appl. Poult. Res. 8, 16–24, https://doi.org/10.1093/japr/8....
NRC (National Research Council), 1994. Nutrient Requirements of Poultry: 9th Revised Edition. The National Academies Press. Washington, DC (USA), https://doi.org/10.17226/2114.
Pretorius C., 2011. The effect of highly digestible carbohydrate and protein sources included in pre-starter diets of broilers on their performance. MSc Thesis. University of Stellenbosch, Stellenbosch (South Africa).
Saki A.A., 2005. Effect of post-hatch feeding on broiler performance. Int. J. Poult. Sci. 4, 4–6, http://doi.org/10.3923/ijps.20....
Samanya M., Yamauchi K., 2002. Histological alterations of intestinal villi in chickens fed dried Bacillus subtilis var. natto. Comp. Biochem. Physiol. A. Mol. Integr. Physiol. 133, 95–104, http://doi.org/10.1016/S1095-6....
Sarıca Ş., Suiçmez M., Çördük M., Özdemir D., Berberoglu E., 2014. Effects of oregano essential oil supplementation to diets of broiler chicks with delayed feeding after hatching. Morphological development of small intestine segments. Ital. J. Anim. Sci. 13, 3172, https://doi.org/10.4081/ijas.2....
Sarlak S., Tabeidian S.A., Gheisari A., 2016. Effects of time of initiation of feeding after hatching and diet composition on performance, carcass characteristics, digestive tract development and immune responses of broilers. Anim. Prod. Sci. 57, 1692–1701, https://doi.org/10.1071/AN1583....
Shinde A.S., Goel A., Mehra M., Rokade J., Bhadauria P., Mandal A.B., Bhanja S.K., 2015. Delayed post hatch feeding affects performance, intestinal morphology and expression pattern of nutrient transporter genes in egg type chickens. J. Nutr. Food Sci. 5, 372, https://doi.org/10.4172/2155-9....
Sklan D., 2001. Development of the digestive tract of poultry. Worlds Poult. Sci. J. 57, 415–427, https://doi.org/10.1079/WPS200....
Sklan D., Noy Y., 2003. Crude protein and essential amino acid requirements in chicks during the first week posthatch. Br. Poult. Sci. 44, 266–274, https://doi.org/10.1080/000716....
Sklan D., Noy Y., Hoyzman A., Rozenboim I., 2000. Decreasing weight loss in the hatchery by feeding chicks and poults in hatching trays. J. Appl. Poult. Res. 9, 142–148, https://doi.org/10.1093/japr/9....
Tabedian S.A., Samie A., Pourreza J., Sadeghi G., 2010. Effect of fasting or posthatch diet’s type on chick development. J. Anim. Vet. Adv. 9, 406–413, https://doi.org/10.3923/javaa.....
Uni Z., Ferket R.P., 2004. Methods for early nutrition and their potential. Worlds Poult. Sci. J. 60, 101–111, https://doi.org/10.1079/WPS200....
Wang J.X., Peng K.M., 2008. Developmental morphology of the small intestine of African ostrich chicks. Poult. Sci. 87, 2629–2635, https://doi.org/10.3382/ps.200....
Xu Z.R., Hu C.H., Xia M.S., Zhan X.A., Wang M.Q., 2003. Effects of dietary fructooligosaccharide on digestive enzyme activities, intestinal microflora and morphology of male broilers. Poult. Sci. 82, 1030–1036, https://doi.org/10.1093/ps/82.....
Yang H., Wang Z., Shi S., Lu J., Li W., 2009. Effects of starter feeding time on body growth and viscera development of newly hatched chicks. Ital. J. Anim. Sci. 8, 585–593, https://doi.org/10.4081/ijas.2....
Yegani M., Korver D.R., 2008. Factors affecting intestinal health in poultry. Poult. Sci. 87, 2052–2063, https://doi.org/10.3382/ps.200....
Zanaty G.A., 2006. Optimum dietary protein and energy levels for Norfa hens during the laying period. Egypt. Poult. Sci. J. 26, 207–220.
Journals System - logo
Scroll to top