CC-BY 4.0

Nutritional value of diets containing field bean (Vicia faba L.) seeds with high or low proanthocyanidin levels for pig

M. Flis 1,  
W. Sobotka 1,  
C. Purwin 1,  
Institute of Animal and Feed Management, University of Agriculture and Technology, Oczapowskiego 5, 10-718 Olsztyn, Poland
Institute of Animal Reproduction and Food Research, Division of Food Science, Polish Academy of Sciences, Tuwima 10, 10-718 Olsztyn, Poland
J. Anim. Feed Sci. 1999;8(2):171–180
Publication date: 1999-03-19
The nutritional value of pig diets containing about 30% field beans characterized by various levels of condensed tannins was studied. In a 54-day experiment on 24 Polish Large White x Duroc barrows (25-63 kg BW) four diets were fed: HT containing high-tannin field beans (cv. Nadwislahski), LT with low-tannin field beans (cv. Caspar), DHT with hulled high-tannin field beans, and DHTF with hulled high-tannin field beans and added white flowering pea hull fibre. The proanthocyanidin content of the HT, LT, DHT and DHTF diets was 591, 8, 70 and 70 mg/kg, respectively. Nutrient and energy digestibility, nitrogen balance, daily weight gain, and feed utilization were determined. The digestibility of N-free extractives and energy was significantly higher (P<0.01), while that of crude protein was non significantly higher (P=0.07) in the LT and DHT diets than in the HT diet. Daily nitrogen retention and utilization did not differ significantly among groups. Daily body weight gains (684-693 g) and feed conversion (3.02-3.07 kg/kg) also did not differ significantly among groups. Despite a slightly lower nutritional value as expressed by metabolizable energy and digestible protein, the HT diet that contained 0.1% phenols and 0.06% proanthocyanidins did not lower the growth rate of 25-63 kg pigs (which gained slightly under 700 g daily) in comparison with animals fed the LT and DHT diets.
1. Phenolics content and antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activities of legume fractions
Souhila Boudjou, B. Dave Oomah, Farid Zaidi, Farah Hosseinian
Food Chemistry
2. Proanthocyanidins - a final frontier in flavonoid research?
Richard A. Dixon, De-Yu Xie, Shashi B. Sharma
New Phytologist
3. The effect of dietary high-tannin and low-tannin faba bean ( Vicia faba L.) on the growth performance, carcass traits and breast meat characteristics of finisher turkeys
M. Przywitowski, D. Mikulski, Z. Zdunczyk, A. Rogiewicz, J. Jankowski
Animal Feed Science and Technology
4. 13. Partial Replacement of Soybean with Low-Tannin Faba Bean Varieties (Albus or Amulet): Effects on Growth Traits, Slaughtering Parameters and Meat Quality of Puławska Pigs
Anna Milczarek, Maria Osek
Annals of Animal Science
5. Las leguminosas en alimentación animal
Luis A. Rubio, Eduarda Molina
6. Immunodetection of legume proteins resistant to small intestinal digestion in weaned piglets
Paulo Salgado, João PB Freire, Ricardo B Ferreira, Artur Teixeira, Ofélia Bento, Manuel C Abreu, René Toullec, Jean-Paul Lallès
Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
7. Variations in nutritional and antinutritional contents among faba bean cultivars and effects on growth performance of weaner pigs
E. Ivarsson, M. Neil
Livestock Science
8. Effects of dietary inclusion of high- and low-tannin faba bean ( Vicia faba L.) seeds on microbiota, histology and fermentation processes of the gastrointestinal tract in finisher turkeys
Z. Zdunczyk, D. Mikulski, J. Jankowski, B. Przybylska-Gornowicz, E. Sosnowska, J. Juskiewicz, R. Amarowicz, B.A. Slominski
Animal Feed Science and Technology
9. Effects of a soybean-free diet supplied to Italian heavy pigs on fattening performance, and meat and dry-cured ham quality
Attilio L. Mordenti, Giovanna Martelli, Nico Brogna, Eleonora Nannoni, Giorgio Vignola, Giuliano Zaghini, Luca Sardi
Italian Journal of Animal Science
10. Field bean (Vicia faba var. minor) as a protein feed for growing lambs with and without protected lysine and methionine supplementation
Mauro Antongiovanni, Anna Acciaioli, Oreste Franci, Maria Ponzetta, Carolina Pugliese, Arianna Buccioni, Marco Badii
Italian Journal of Animal Science
11. Effect of tannins on growth performance and intestinal ecosystem in weaned piglets
Giacomo Biagi, Irene Cipollini, Brigitte Paulicks, Franz Roth
Archives of Animal Nutrition
12. The use of grain legumes as a protein source in pig nutrition: A review
D. Jezierny, R. Mosenthin, E. Bauer
Animal Feed Science and Technology