Growth performance, carcass traits, meat quality and composition in pigs fed diets supplemented with medicinal plants (Bindens pilosa L., Urena lobata L. and Ramulus cinnamomi) powder
More details
Hide details
Vietnam National University of Agriculture, Faculty of Animal Science, 131000 Hanoi, Vietnam
University of Liege, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, 4000 Liège, Belgium
Vietnam National University of Agriculture, Faculty of Food Science and Technology, 131000 Hanoi, Vietnam
Publication date: 2021-12-06
Corresponding author
N. C. Oanh   

Vietnam National University of Agriculture, Faculty of Animal Science, 131000 Hanoi, Vietnam
J. Anim. Feed Sci. 2021;30(4):350-359
The study was conducted to assess the effects of medicinal plants powder (MP) (60% Bindens pilosa L., 30% Urena lobata L. and 10% Ramulus cinnamomi) as a feed additive to promote growth performance and improve meat quality in pigs. Seventy-two crossbred pigs [Duroc × (Landrace × Yorkshire)], initial body weight 30.3 ± 1.66 kg, were randomly divided into 4 dietary groups, 3 replicates of 6 pigs each. Each group was randomly allocated to one of four dietary treatments: a basal diet (control diet, T0) and three experimental diets (T20, T40 and T60) based on T0 diet supplemented with MP at 20, 40 and 60 g/kg of feed. The experiment lasted for 14 weeks, including 2 periods of feeding programmes (weeks 0–7 and 7–14). A reduced average daily feed intake (linear, P = 0.01) and a decreased trend in average daily gain (ADG) (linear, P = 0.08) were observed in pigs fed diets with 40 and 60 g/kg MP in comparison to the control diet in weeks 0–7. There was no statistical difference in ADG and feed conversion ratio between treatments over the entire trial period. Dietary MP supplementation decreased backfat thickness (quadratic, P = 0.04) and cholesterol content (linear, P = 0.02; quadratic, P = 0.01) in meat. The sensory quality of cooked meat was improved (P < 0.0001) by the inclusion of MP. So, dietary MP supplementation could have the potential to improve sensory quality and decrease backfat thickness and cholesterol content in meat without a negative effect on growth rate of pigs and technological quality of pork.
The authors are grateful for the financial support by Vietnam National University of Agricultural of Agriculture, Vietnam (Ref. 669/QD-HVN), and the Sciences and Technology Department of Hai Duong province, Vietnam.
The authors declare that there is no conflict of interest.
Ahmed S.T., Mun H.S., Islam M.M., Ko S.Y., Yang C.J., 2016. Effects of dietary natural and fermented herb combination on growth performance, carcass traits and meat quality in growerfinisher pigs. Meat Sci. 122, 7–15, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.meat....
Amaral A.B., da Silva M.V., Lannes S.C.D.S., 2018. Lipid oxidation in meat: mechanisms and protective factors – a review. Food Sci. Technol. (Campinas) 38, Suppl. 1, 1–15. https://doi.org/10.1590/fst.32....
AOAC, 1990. Official Methods of Analysis of the Association of Official Analytical Chemists. 15th Edition. Arlington, VA (USA).
Baldwin B.A., 1976. Quantitative studies on taste preference in pigs. Proc. Nutr. Soc. 35, 69–73, https://doi.org/10.1079/PNS197....
Chang C.L.T., Chung C.Y., Kuo C.H., Kuo T.F., Yang C.W., Yang W.C., 2016. Beneficial effect of Bidens pilosa on body weight gain,food conversion ratio, gut bacteria and coccidiosis in chickens. PLOS ONE 11, e0146141, https://doi.org/10.1371/journa....
Choi J.S., Lee H.J., Jin S.K., Choi Y.I., Lee J.J., 2014. Comparison of carcass characteristics and meat quality between Duroc and crossbred pigs. Korean J. Food Sci. Anim. Resour. 34, 238–244, https://doi.org/10.5851/kosfa.....
Claus R., Lösel D., Lacorn M., Mentschel J., Schenkel H., 2003. Effects of butyrate on apoptosis in the pig colon and its consequences for skatole formation and tissue accumulation. J. Anim. Sci. 81, 239–248, https://doi.org/10.2527/2003.8....
Cortés-Rojas D.F., Chagas-Paula D.A., Da Costa F.B., Souza C.R.F., Oliveira W.P., 2013. Bioactive compounds in Bidens pilosa L. populations: a key step in the standardization of phytopharmaceutical preparations. Rev. Bras. Farmacogn. 23, 28–35, https://doi.org/10.1590/S0102-....
Deba F., Xuan T.D., Yasuda M., Tawata S., 2008. Chemical composition and antioxidant, antibacterial and antifungal activities of the essential oils from Bidens pilosa Linn. var. Radiata. Food Control 19, 346–352, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.food....
Derewiaka D., Obiedziński M., 2010. Cholesterol oxides content in selected animal products determined by GC-MS. Eur. J. Lipid Sci. Technol. 112, 1130–1137, https://doi.org/10.1002/ejlt.2....
Ding X., Yang C.W., Yang Z.B., 2017. Effects of star anise (Illicium verum Hook.f.), essential oil, and leavings on growth performance, serum, and liver antioxidant status of broiler chickens. J. Appl. Poult. Res. 26, 459–466, https://doi.org/10.3382/japr/p....
Dula M., Matras J., Grela E.R., Niedziółka I., 2018. Antioxidant and other health promoting properties of herbs. Żywność Nauka Technol. Jakość 25(3), 23–33, https://doi.org/10.15193/ZNTJ/....
Fan X.J., Liu S.Z., Li H.H., He J., Feng J.T., Zhang X., Yan H., 2019. Effects of Portulaca oleracea L. extract on lipid oxidation and color of pork meat during refrigerated storage. Meat Sci. 147, 82–90, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.meat....
González J., Ly J., 2001. Nutritional effects of Bidens pilosa L. in growing pigs (in Spanish). Rev. Comput. Prod. Porc. (Cuba) 8(3), 20–29.
Hanczakowska E., Świątkiewicz M., Grela E.R., 2015. Effect of dietary inclusion of a herbal extract mixture and different oils on pig performance and meat quality. Meat Sci. 108, 61–66, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.meat....
Hashemi S.R., Davoodi H., 2011. Herbal plants and their derivatives as growth and health promoters in animal nutrition. Vet. Res. Commun. 35, 169–180, https://doi.org/10.1007/s11259....
Islam M.H., Rahman K.H., Rahman S., Rahmatullah M., 2015. Preliminary antihyperglycemic, antinociceptive activity, phytochemical analysis and toxicity studies on leaves of Urena lobata L. J. Chem. Pharm. Res. 7, 559–563.
Jang A., Liu X.D., Shin M.H., Lee B.D., Lee S.K., Lee J.H., Jo C., 2008. Antioxidative potential of raw breast meat from broiler chicks fed a dietary medicinal herb extract mix. Poult. Sci. 87, 2382–2389, https://doi.org/10.3382/ps.200....
Janz J.A.M., Morel P.C.H., Wilkinson B.H.P., Purchas R.W., 2007. Preliminary investigation of the effects of low-level dietary inclusion of fragrant essential oils and oleoresins on pig performance and pork quality. Meat Sci. 75, 350–355, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.meat....
Jiang J., Emont M.P., Jun H., Qiao X., Liao J., Kim D., Wu J., 2017. Cinnamaldehyde induces fat cell-autonomous thermogenesis and metabolic reprogramming. Metabolism 77, 58–64, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.meta....
Kwon O.S., Cho J.H., Min B.J., Kim H.J., Chen Y.G., Yoo J.S., Kim I.H., La J.C., Park H.K., 2005. Effect of supplemental medicinal plants (Artemisia, Acanthopanax and Garlic) on growth performance, IGF-1 and meat quality characteristics in growing-finishing pigs. Korean J. Food Sci. Anim. Resour. 25, 316–321.
Lee S.D., Jung H.J., Cho K.H., Park J.C., Kim I.C., Seong P.N., Song Y.M., 2011. Effects of corn dried distiller’s grains with solubles and enzyme premix supplements on growth performance, carcass characteristics and meat quality parameters in finishing pigs. Anim. Sci. J. 82, 461–467, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1740....
Lei X.J., Yun H.M., Kim I.H., 2018. Effects of dietary supplementation of natural and fermented herbs on growth performance, nutrient digestibility, blood parameters, meat quality and fatty acid composition in growing-finishing pigs. Ital. J. Anim. Sci. 17, 984–993, https://doi.org/10.1080/182805....
Lengerken G.V., Pfeiffer H., 1987. Status and development tendencies of the application of methods for the detection of stress sensitivity and meat quality in pigs (in German: Stand und Entwicklungstendezen der Anwendung von Methoden zur Erkennung der Stressempfindlichkeit und Fleischqualitaet beim Schwein). In: Internatonal Symposium about pig breeding (Zur Schweinezucht). Leipzig (Germany), pp. 1972–1979.
Liu G.M., Wei Y., Wang Z.S., Wu D., Zhou A.G., Liu G.L., 2008. Effects of herbal extract supplementation on growth performance and insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-I system in finishing pigs. J. Anim. Feed Sci. 17, 538–547, https://doi.org/10.22358/jafs/....
Luo Q., Li N., Zheng Z., Chen L., Mu S., Chen L., Liu Z., Yan J., Sun C., 2020. Dietary cinnamaldehyde supplementation improves the growth performance, oxidative stability, immune function, and meat quality in finishing pigs. Livest. Sci. 240, 104221, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.livs....
Matysiak B., Jacyno E., Kawecka M., Kołodziej-Skalska A., Pietruszka A., 2012. The effect of plant extracts fed before farrowing and during lactation on sow and piglet performance. South Afr. J. Anim. Sci. 42, 15–21, https://doi.org/10.4314/sajas.....
Mohamed H.M.H., Mansour H.A., Farag M.D.E.D.H., 2011. The use of natural herbal extracts for improving the lipid stability and sensory characteristics of irradiated ground beef. Meat Sci. 87, 33–39, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.meat....
Monin G., 2003. Pig slaughtering and carcass and meat quality (in French: Abattage des porcs et qualités des carcasses et des viandes). INRA Prod. Anim. 16, 251–262, https://doi.org/10.20870/produ....
Noblet J., Perez J.M., 1993. Prediction of digestibility of nutrients and energy values of pig diets from chemical analysis. J. Anim. Sci. 71, 3389–3398, https://doi.org/10.2527/1993.7....
NRC (National Research Council), 2012. Nutrient Requirements of Swine. 11th Revised Edition. The National Academies Press. Washington, DC (USA), https://doi.org/10.17226/13298.
Oanh N.C., Bernard T., Dang P.K., Luc D.D., Nassim M., Huyen N.T., Thinh N.H., Georges D., Jérôme B., Ton V.D., Hornick J.L., 2019. Growth performance, carcass quality characteristics and colonic microbiota profiles in finishing pigs fed diets with different inclusion levels of rice distillers’ by-product. Anim. Sci. J. 90, 948–960, https://doi.org/10.1111/asj.13....
Oanh N.C., Taminiau B., Dang P.K., Daube G., Giap N.V., Bindelle J., Fall P.A., Ton V.D., Hornick J.L., 2020. Effect of increasing levels of rice distillers’ by-product on growth performance, nutrient digestibility, blood profile and colonic microbiota of weaned piglets. Asian-Australas. J. Anim. Sci. 33, 788–801, https://doi.org/10.5713/ajas.1....
Omonkhua A.A., Onoagbe I.O., 2011. Evaluation of the long-term effects of Urena lobata root extracts on blood glucose and hepatic function of normal rabbits. Toxicol. Environ. Health Sci. 3, 204–213.
Pham Q.M., Tran H.V.T., Do L.T., Doan P.L., Cam I.T., Pham L.Q., Pham H.M.T., 2019. Contribution to study on the chemical composition of Urena lobata of Vietnam. Vietnam J. Sci. Technol. 57, 162–169, https://doi.org/10.15625/2525-....
Purnomo Y., Soeatmadji D.W., Sumitro S.B., Widodo M.A., 2017. Incretin effect of Urena lobata leaves extract on structure and function of rats islet β-cells. J. Tradit. Complement. Med. 7, 301–306, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jtcm....
Ranucci D., Beghelli D., Trabalza-Marinucci M., Branciari R., Forte C., Olivieri O., Badillo Pazmay G.V., Cavallucci C., Acuti G., 2015. Dietary effects of a mix derived from oregano (Origanum vulgare L.) essential oil and sweet chestnut (Castanea sativa Mill.) wood extract on pig performance, oxidative status and pork quality traits. Meat Sci. 100, 319–326, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.meat....
Rao A.V., Gurfinkel D.M., 2000. The bioactivity of saponins: triterpenoid and steroidal glycosides. Drug Metabol. Drug Interact. 17, 211–236, https://doi.org/10.1515/dmdi.2....
Sang-Oh P., Chae-Min R., Byung-Sung P., Jong H., 2013. The meat quality and growth performance in broiler chickens fed diet with cinnamon powder. J. Environ. Biol. 34, 127–133.
TCVN (Vietnamese National Standard), 1984. Method for estimating a pig-carcass slaughter (3899-84). Vietnam Standards and Quality Institute, The Vietnam Ministry of Science and Technology. Hanoi (Vietnam).
Vu T.H.N., Nguyen Q.H., Dinh T.M.L. et al., 2020. Endophytic actinomycetes associated with Cinnamomum cassia Presl in Hoa Binh province, Vietnam: Distribution, antimicrobial activity and, genetic features. J. Gen. Appl. Microbiol. 66, 24–31, https://doi.org/10.2323/jgam.2....
Wang S., Moustaid-Moussa N., Chen L., Mo H., Shastri A., Su R., Bapat P., Kwun I., Shen C.L., 2014. Novel insights of dietary polyphenols and obesity. J. Nutr. Biochem. 25, 1–18, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jnut....
Wenk C., 2003. Herbs and botanicals as feed additives in monogastric animals. Asian-Australas. J. Anim. Sci. 16, 282–289, https://doi.org/10.5713/ajas.2....
Yan L., Meng Q.W., Kim I.H., 2011. The effect of an herb extract mixture on growth performance, nutrient digestibility, blood characteristics and fecal noxious gas content in growing pigs. Livest. Sci. 141, 143–147, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.livs....
Yan Y., 2014. Antioxidative and antibacteial activities of star anise extract in chilled pork patties. J. Nanjing Agric. Univ. 37, 89–96, https://doi.org/10.7685/j.issn....
Yang W.C., Tien Y.J., Chung C.Y., Chen Y.C., Chiou W.H., Hsu S.Y., Liu H.Y., Liang C.L., Chang C.L.T., 2015. Effect of Bidens pilosa on infection and drug resistance of Eimeria in chickens. Res. Vet. Sci. 98, 74–81, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rvsc....
Zarrouki B., Pillon N.J., Kalbacher E., Soula H.A., N’Jomen G.N., Grand L., Chambert S., Geloen A., Soulage C., 2010. Cirsimarin, a potent antilipogenic flavonoid, decreases fat deposition in mice intra-abdominal adipose tissue. Int. J. Obes. 34, 1566–1575, https://doi.org/10.1038/ijo.20....
Zhou T.X., Zhang Z.F., Kim I.H., 2013. Effects of dietary Coptis chinensis herb extract on growth performance, nutrient digestibility, blood characteristics and meat quality in growing-finishing pigs. Asian-Australas. J. Anim. Sci. 26, 108–115, https://doi.org/10.5713/ajas.2....
Growth performance, meat quality, and blood characteristics of finisher crossbred pigs fed diets supplemented with different levels of green tea (Camellia sinensis) by-products
Nguyen Oanh, Cu Thu, Nguyen Hong, Nguyen Giang, Jean-Luc Hornick, Pham Dang
Veterinary World
Journals System - logo
Scroll to top