ORIGINAL PAPER
Effect of dietary Auricularia cornea culture supplementation on growth performance, serum biochemistry profile and meat quality in growing-finishing pigs
X. Liu 1
,
 
Y. Ju 2
,
 
M. Liu 3
,
 
,
 
Y. Luo 1
,
 
L. Qi 1
,
 
J. Ye 1
,
 
,
 
Y. Yan 1
,
 
Y. Li 5
 
 
 
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1
Guangxi Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Institute of Microbiology, Nanning, 530007, China
2
Guangxi Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Guangxi Crop Genetic Improvement and Biotechnology Laboratory, Nanning, 530007, China
3
Lishu Blackland Healthy Food Co., Ltd., Siping, 136599, China
4
China Agricultural University, State Key Laboratory of Animal Nutrition, Ministry of Agriculture Feed Industry Centre, Beijing, 100193, China
5
Jilin Agricultural University, Engineering Research Center of Chinese Ministry of Education for Edible and Medicinal Fungi, Institute of Mycology, Changchun 130118, China
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
Y. Yan   

Guangxi Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Institute of Microbiology, Nanning, 530007, China
Publication date: 2021-11-22
 
J. Anim. Feed Sci. 2021;30(4):340–349
 
KEYWORDS
TOPICS
ABSTRACT
Auricularia cornea culture (ACC) is a dried product containing Auricularia cornea (AC) mycelium and various metabolites of AC fermentation. The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of dietary ACC supplementation on growth performance, short-chain fatty acid concentration in faeces, serum biochemical profile and meat quality in growing-finishing pigs. In total, 96 growing pigs with initial body weight 91.94 ± 7.59 kg, were allotted to one of four dietary treatments for 45 days. Treatments were: basal diet and three experimental diets with 0.3, 0.6 and 1.2% ACC addition, respectively. It was shown that pigs fed ACC diets had a greater average daily gain (P < 0.05), and also lower glucose content in serum (P < 0.05). In comparison with control animals, in pigs fed diets with ACC an increased butyrate content (P < 0.05) in faeces and greater monocarboxylate transporter 1 (MCT1) mRNA expression (P < 0.05) in the colon were noted. There was also observed an increasing trend concerning a* value (P = 0.09) and the higher polyunsaturated fatty acid contents in longissimus dorsi muscle (P = 0.01). In conclusion, the dietary ACC addition could improve the growth and health of animals as well as meat quality to a certain degree. So, a 1.2% ACC supplementation can be recommended for growing-finishing pigs.
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
We also thank Jianchun Su, Deqiang Hou, Yue Shen, and Shuqiang Gao. Special thanks to them for their support in the completion of the current study.
FUNDING
This study was financially supported by China Postdoctoral Science Foundation (2021M693806), China Agriculture Research System (CARS20), Postdoctoral Foundation of Guangxi Academy of Agricultural Sciences (GNKB2020038), and the Science and Technology Pioneer of Edible Fungi Industry (GNKM202108).
CONFLICT OF INTEREST
The authors declared that there is no conflict of interest.
 
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