0.906
IF5
0.875
IF
Q3
JCR
1.0
CiteScore
0.374
SJR
Q2
SJR
20
MNiSW
165.24
ICV
ORIGINAL PAPER
 
CC-BY 4.0
 
 

Fatty acid plasticity of black soldier fly (Hermetia Illucens) larvae reared on alternative feeding media: crude olive cake and processed animal protein

K. Starcevic 1,  
L. Lozica 2,  
A. Gavrilovic 3,  
Z. Heruc 4,  
T. Masek 5  
 
1
University of Zagreb, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Department of Forensic and Judicial Veterinary Medicine, Zagreb, 10000, Croatia.
2
University of Zagreb, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Department of Poultry Diseases with Clinic, Zagreb, 10000, Croatia.
3
Insektarij, Zagreb, 10000, Croatia
4
Agroproteinka, d.o.o, Zagreb, 10000, Croatia
5
University of Zagreb, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Department of Animal Nutrition and Dietetics, Zagreb, 10000, Croatia
J. Anim. Feed Sci. 2019;28(4):374–382
Publication date: 2019-12-27
KEYWORDS
TOPICS
ABSTRACT
The trial was performed to assess the effects of feeding media consisting of crude olive cake (COC) or processed animal protein (PAP) on the growth rate and the fatty acid composition of Hermetia illucens (black soldier fly) larvae (BSFL). The results showed a significant decrease in length and weight of larvae in the experimental groups reared on media containing 100% of PAP originating from poultry (PAP-P), mixed PAP (PAP-Mx) or COC compared to the control group fed on the basal diet (CON). The replacement of 50% of PAP with basal diet or wood shavings, significantly improved the length and weight of BSFL reared on both kinds of PAP; however not to the values obtained in the CON group. The addition of mineral and vitamin mixture into COC feeding significantly improved the growth of the BSFL, although it also did not attain the results of the basal diet. In comparison to the CON group, experimental groups containing 100% of PAP-P, PAP-Mx or COC were characterized by a decrease in the content of lauric acid and saturated fatty acids, and an increase in the content of oleic acid and monounsaturated fatty acids (MUFA). Especially high content of MUFA was observable in the COC group. The long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acid content was very low in all groups. In conclusion, with the usage of alternative feeding media, like PAP or COC, significant plasticity in the fatty acid profile of Hermetia illucens larvae could be achieved.
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
T. Masek   
University of Zagreb, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Department of Animal Nutrition and Dietetics, Zagreb, 10000, Croatia
 
REFERENCES (29):
1. AOAC International, 1995. Official Methods of Analysis of AOAC International. 16th Edition. Arlington, VA (USA).
2. Banks I.J., Gibson W.T., Cameron M.M., 2014. Growth rates of black soldier fly larvae fed on fresh human faeces and their implication for improving sanitation. Trop. Med. Int. Health 19, 14–22, https://doi.org/10.1111/tmi.12....
3. Choi W.-H., Yun J.-H., Chu J.-P., Chu K.-B., 2012. Antibacterial effect of extracts of Hermetia illucens (Diptera: Stratiomyidae) larvae against Gram-negative bacteria. Entomol. Res. 42, 219–226, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1748....
4. Čičková H., Newton G.L., Lacy R.C., Kozánek M., 2015. The use of fly larvae for organic waste treatment. Waste Manag. 35, 68–80, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wasm....
5. EFSA (European Food Safety Authority), 2007. Certain Aspects related to the Feeding of Animal Proteins to Farm Animals – Scientific Opinion of the Panel on Biological Hazards. EFSA J. 5, 576, https://doi.org/10.2903/j.efsa....
6. EFSA Panel on Biological Hazards (BIOHAZ), 2011. Scientific Opinion on the revision of the quantitative risk assessment (QRA) of the BSE risk posed by processed animal proteins (PAPs). EFSA J. 9, 1947, https://doi.org/10.2903/j.efsa....
7. EFSA Panel on Biological Hazards (EFSA BIOHAZ Panel), Ricci A., Allende A. et al., 2018. Evaluation of the application for a new alternative processing method for animal by-products of Category 3 material (ChainCraft B.V.). EFSA J. 16, 5281, https://doi.org/10.2903/j.efsa....
8. European Parliament, 2012. EU protein deficit P7_TA(2011)0084. European Parliament resolution of 8 March 2011 on the EU protein deficit: what solution for a long-standing problem? (2010/2111(INI)). Off. J. EU C 199 E, 58–64.
9. Folch J., Lees M., Sloane Stanley G.H., 1957. A simple method for the isolation and purification of total lipides from animal tissues. J. Biol. Chem. 226, 497–509.
10. Foley J.A., Ramankutty N., Brauman K.A. et al., 2011. Solutions for a cultivated planet. Nature 478, 337–342, https://doi.org/10.1038/nature....
11. Furman D.P., Young R.D., Catts P.E., 1959. Hermetia illucens (Linnaeus) as a factor in the natural control of Musca domestica Linnaeus. J. Econ. Entomol. 52, 917–921, https://doi.org/10.1093/jee/52....
12. Green T.R., Popa R., 2012. Enhanced ammonia content in compost leachate processed by black soldier fly larvae. Appl. Biochem. Biotechnol. 166, 1381–1387, https://doi.org/10.1007/s12010....
13. Lalander C., Diener S., Magri M.E., Zurbrügg C., Lindström A., Vinnerås B., 2013. Faecal sludge management with the larvae of the black soldier fly (Hermetia illucens) – From a hygiene aspect. Sci. Total Environ. 458–460, 312–318, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scit....
14. Lopez-Huertas E., 2010. Health effects of oleic acid and long chain omega-3 fatty acids (EPA and DHA) enriched milks. A review of intervention studies. Pharmacol. Res. 61, 200–207, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.phrs....
15. Molina-Alcaide E., Yáñez-Ruiz D.R., 2008. Potential use of olive byproducts in ruminant feeding: A review. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol. 147, 247–264, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.anif....
16. Nguyen T.T.X., Tomberlin J.K., Vanlaerhoven S., 2015. Ability of black soldier fly (Diptera: Stratiomyidae) larvae to recycle food waste. Environ. Entomol. 44, 406–410, https://doi.org/10.1093/ee/nvv....
17. Oonincx D.G.A.B., van Broekhoven S., van Huis A., van Loon J.J.A., 2015. Feed conversion, survival and development, and composition of four insect species on diets composed of food byproducts. PLoS ONE 10, e0144601, https://doi.org/10.1371/journa....
18. Palomer X., Pizarro-Delgado J., Barroso E., Vázquez-Carrera M., 2018. Palmitic and oleic acid: the yin and yang of fatty acids in type 2 diabetes mellitus. Trends Endocrinol. Metab. 29, 178–190, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tem.....
19. Rehman K.u., Cai M., Xiao X., Zheng L., Wang H., Soomro A.A., Zhou Y., Li W., Yu Z., Zhang J., 2017. Cellulose decomposition and larval biomass production from the co-digestion of dairy manure and chicken manure by mini-livestock (Hermetia illucens L.). J. Environ. Manag. 196, 458–465, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenv....
20. Rodríguez G., Lama A., Rodríguez R., Jiménez A., Guillén R., Fernández-Bolaños J., 2008. Olive stone an attractive source of bioactive and valuable compounds. Biores. Technol. 99, 5261–5269, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bior....
21. Sales-Campos H., Souza P.R., Peghini B.C., da Silva J.S., Cardoso C.R., 2013. An overview of the modulatory effects of oleic acid in health and disease. Mini Rev. Med. Chem. 13, 201–210.
22. Sheppard C., 1983. House fly and lesser fly control utilizing the black soldier fly in manure management systems for caged laying hens. Environ. Entomol. 12, 1439–1442, https://doi.org/10.1093/ee/12.....
23. Sheppard D.C., Tomberlin J.K., Joyce J.A., Kiser B.C., Sumner S.M., 2002. Rearing methods for the black soldier fly (Diptera: Stratiomyidae). J. Med. Entomol. 39, 695–698, https://doi.org/10.1603/0022-2....
24. Starčević K., Gavrilović A., Gottstein Ž., Mašek T., 2017. Influence of substitution of sunflower oil by different oils on the growth, survival rate and fatty acid composition of Jamaican field cricket (Gryllus assimilis). Anim. Feed Sci. Technol. 228, 66–71, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.anif....
25. Tortuero F., Riopérez J., Rodríguez M.L., 1989. Nutritional value for rabbits of olive pulp and the effects on their visceral organs. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol. 25, 79–87, https://doi.org/10.1016/0377-8....
26. van Huis A., 2013. Potential of insects as food and feed in assuring food security. Ann. Rev. Entomol. 58, 563–583, https://doi.org/10.1146/annure....
27. Wang Y.-S., Shelomi M., 2017. Review of black soldier fly (Hermetia illucens) as animal feed and human food. Foods 6, 91, https://doi.org/10.3390/foods6....
28. Webster C.D., Rawles S.D., Koch J.F., Thompson K.R., Kobayashi Y., Gannam A.L., Twibell R.G., Hyde N.M., 2016. Bio-Ag reutilization of distiller’s dried grains with solubles (DDGS) as a substrate for black soldier fly larvae, Hermetia illucens, along with poultry by-product meal and soybean meal, as total replacement of fish meal in diets for Nile tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus. Aquac. Nutr. 22, 976–988, https://doi.org/10.1111/anu.12....
29. Zheng L., Hou Y., Li W., Yang S., Li Q., Yu Z., 2012. Biodiesel production from rice straw and restaurant waste employing black soldier fly assisted by microbes. Energy 47, 225–229, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ener....
ISSN:1230-1388