Effects of sun-curing, formic acid-treatment or microbial inoculation of timothy on urea metabolism in lactating dairy cows
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Dairy and Swine R&D Centre, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Lennoxville, Quebec, Canada
Rowett Research Institute, Scotland, UK
Departement of Animal Science, Université Laval, Québec, Canada
Publication date: 2004-08-30
Corresponding author
D. R. Ouellet   

Dairy and Swine R&D Centre, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Lennoxville, Quebec, Canada
J. Anim. Feed Sci. 2004;13(Suppl. 1):323–326
Urea metabolism was estimated in dairy cows fed forage conserved as hay, formic acidtreated silage or microbial inoculated silage. Use of [15N15N]urea kinetics indicated that ureaN production was greatest (P<0.05) with inoculated silage. Gut entry rate of urea-N was not affected by treatments. Urea-N recycled to ornithine cycle tended to be greater (P<0.08) when cows received inoculated silage compared to when fed acid-treated silage. The proportion of recycled urea-N lost in faeces was greater (P<0.05) when cows were fed forage conserved as hay as opposed to when fed inoculated silage. Overall, urea metabolism was similar between cows fed formic acid-treated silage or hay. Inoculated silage, however, increases urea production and recycling to the ornithine cycle.
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