ORIGINAL PAPER
 
KEYWORDS
TOPICS
ABSTRACT
Aims of this study were to evaluate the effect of body weight, age, parity, litter size and temperament on the Lacaune ewes’ milk production (length of lactation (LL), total milk yield (TMY), standard milk yield (milk between the 60th and 150th day of lactation (SMY)) and daily milk yield (DMY)) and the entrance order into the milking parlour. The effect of entrance order (the first vs the last group) on the milk production (LL, TMY, SMY, DMY) and composition from 143 ewes was also analysed. The milking period started on the mid of March, and lasted for 229 days on average, and a two-platform milking parlour was used. Moreover, out of the total number of 143 animals, 22 ewes were selected that entered the parlour as the first group (FG) and 18 ewes – as the last group (LG), in all observations. The order of sheep at the entrance to the milking parlour was observed in four periods. Parity and temperament affected the milk production traits. Furthermore, the ewes’ entrance order was significantly affected by their body weight and temperament. Entrance order into milking parlour did not exert an effect on the LL and milk composition; however, FG had significantly higher TMY, SMY and DMY in comparison to LG as well as daily milk fat and protein yield. These data prove that calmer and heavier ewes entered the milking parlour earlier than other ewes; moreover, a later entrance into the milking parlour may be associated with reduced milk production.
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
This study was financed by EFOP-3.6.3-VEKOP- 16-2017-00008 project. The project was supported by the European Union, co-supported by the European Social Fund.
CONFLICT OF INTEREST
The authors declare that there is no conflict of interest.
 
REFERENCES (32)
1.
Ángeles Hernández J.C., Schilling S.R., Vera Arias M.A., Echeverría Pérez R.A., Castelán-Ortega O.A., Ramírez Pérez A.H., Ronquillo M.G., 2017. Effect of live weight pre- and postlambing on milk production of East Friesian sheep. Ital. J. Anim. Sci. 17, 184–194, https://doi.org/10.1080/182805....
 
2.
Bokor B., Póti P., Abayné E.H., Kerti A., Szabó C., Morlin Z., Pajor F., 2016. Effect of temperament on some blood biochemical parameters and growing traits of lambs during fattening. J. Anim. Res. 6, 367–370, https://doi.org/10.5958/2277-9....
 
3.
Budzynska B., Ceglinska A., Kamieniak J., Krupa W., Sapula M., 2005. Behaviour of dairy cows during premilking udder preparation. In: P. Juhás, K. Vavrišinová, I. Vavríková (Editors). Book of Abstracts of the 4th International Congress on Ethology in Animal Production. Nitra (Slovak Republic). Slovak Agricultural University, Nitra (Slovak Republic), pp. 33–35.
 
4.
Chay-Canul A.J., Parra-Bracamonte G.M., Lopez-Villalobos N., Herrera-Ojeda J.B., Magaña-Monforte J.G., Peniche-González I.N., Herrera-Camacho J., García-Herrera R., 2020. Milk yield and composition of Katahdin and Pelibuey ewes in tropical conditions. J. Anim. Feed Sci. 29, 352–357, https://doi.org/10.22358/jafs/....
 
5.
Dimitrov I., Stancheva N., Staikova G., Peeva J., Vasilev V., Apostolov A., 2012. Assessment of level of fear susceptibility during machine milking in dairy sheep of different ages and temperament. Bulg. J. Agric. Sci. 18, 482–486.
 
6.
FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations), 2020. http://www.fao.org/faostat/en/... (accessed on 2020.09.14.).
 
7.
Fenyvessy J., Csanádi J., 1999. Nutritional assessment of milk components of small ruminants (sheep, goats) (in Hungarian: A kiskérődzők (juh, kecske) tejalkotórészeinek táplálkozási megítélése). Tejgazdaság 59, 23–26.
 
8.
HSGBA (Hungarian Sheep and Goat Breeders’ Association), 2013. Sheep Performance Testing Codex, 9th Edition. Budapest (Hungary) (https://mjksz.hu, accessed on 2020.10.01.).
 
9.
HSGBA (Hungarian Sheep and Goat Breeders’ Association), 2018. Results of breeding and production of Lacaune ewes in 2018, (www.mjksz.hu, accessed on 2020.10.01.).
 
10.
ICAR (International Committee for Animal Recording), 2018. Section 16 - Guidelines for Performance and Recording in Dairy Sheep and Dairy Goats - Version February 2018. www.icar.org/Guidelines/16-Dai... (accessed on 2020.10.01.).
 
11.
Keszthelyi T., Maros K., 1992. Moving order in different group sizes of milking ewes. Appl. Anim. Behav. Sci. 35, 181–188, https://doi.org/10.1016/0168-1....
 
12.
Mačuhová L., Tančin V., Mačuhová J., Uhrinčať M., Hasoňová L., Margetínová J., 2017. Effect of ewes entry order into milking parlour on milkability and milk composition. Czech J. Anim. Sci. 62, 392–402, https://doi.org/10.17221/11/20....
 
13.
Makovický P., Makovický P., Nagy M., Rimárová K., Diabelková J., 2014. Genetic parameters for somatic cell count, logscc and somatic cell score among breeds: Improved Valachian, Tsigai, Lacaune and their crosses. Acta Vet. 64, 386–396, https://doi.org/10.2478/acve-2....
 
14.
Makovický P., Margetín M., Makovický P., Nagy M., 2019. Machine milkability of East Friesian and Lacaune dairy sheep. Ind. J. Anim. Sci. 89, 686–691.
 
15.
Marie C., Bocquier F., Barillet F., 1996. Effect of milk yield merit on components of feed efficiency of Lacaune dairy ewes (in French: Influence du potentiel laitier sur les composantes de l’efficacité alimentaire de brebis Lacaune). Ren. Rech. Ruminants 3, 297–300.
 
16.
Margetín M., Oravcová M., Margetínová J., Vavrišínová K., Janíček M., 2020. The influence of lamb rearing system on ewe milk and lamb growth traits in dairy sheep. J. Anim. Feed Sci. 29, 1, 27–34, https://doi.org/10.22358/jafs/....
 
17.
Margetínová J., Brouček J., Apolen D., Mihina Š., 2003. Relationship between age, milk production and order of goats during automatic milking. Czech J. Anim. Sci. 48, 257–264.
 
18.
Murray T.L., Blache D.B., Bencini R., 2009. The selection of dairy sheep on calm temperament before milking and its effect on management and milk production. Small Rumin. Res. 87, 45–49, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.smal....
 
19.
Nedeva I., Slavov T., Varlyakov I., Radev, V., Panayotov D., Nedelkov K., 2019. Behavior of Lacaune sheep in a milking parlour. Bulg. J. Agric. Sci. 25, Suppl. 3, 74–80.
 
20.
Oravcová M., Margetín M., Peškovičová D., Daňo J., Milerski M., Hetényi L., Polák P., 2006. Factors affecting milk yield and ewe’s lactation curves estimated with test-day models. Czech J. Anim. Sci., 51, 483–490, https://doi.org/10.17221/3968-....
 
21.
Oravcová M., Margetín M., Peškovičová D., Daňo J., Milerski M., Hetényi L., Polák P., 2007. Factors affecting ewe’s milk fat and protein content and relationships between milk yield and milk components. Czech J. Anim. Sci. 52, 189–198, https://doi.org/10.17221/2274-....
 
22.
Oravcová M., Mačuhová L., Tančin V., 2018. The relationship between somatic cells and milk traits, and their variation in dairy sheep breeds in Slovakia. J. Anim. Feed Sci. 27, 97–104, https://doi.org/10.22358/jafs/....
 
23.
Othmane M.H., Carriedo J.A., De La Fuente L.F., Primitivio F., 2002. Factors affecting test-day milk composition in dairy ewes, and relationships amongst various milk components. J. Dairy Res. 69, 53–62, https://doi.org/10.1017/S00220....
 
24.
Pajor F., Murányi A., Szentléleki A., Tőzsér J., Póti P., 2010. Effect of temperament of ewes on their maternal ability and their lambs’ postweaning traits in Tsigai breed. Arch. Anim. Breed. 53, 465–474, https://doi.org/10.5194/aab-53....
 
25.
Park Y.W., Juárez M., Ramos M., Haenlein G.F.W., 2006. Physicochemical characteristics of goat and sheep milk. Small Rumin. Res. 68, 88-113, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.smal....
 
26.
Polikarpus A., Kaart T., Mootse H., De Rosa G., Arney D., 2015. Influences of various factors on cows’ entrance order into the milking parlour. Appl. Anim. Behav. Sci. 166, 20–24, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.appl....
 
27.
Robles Jimenez L.E., Angeles Hernandez J.C., Palacios C., Abecia J.A., Naranjo A., Osorio Avalos J., Gonzalez-Ronquillo M., 2020. Milk production of Lacaune sheep with different degrees of crossing with Manchega sheep in a commercial flock in Spain. Animals 10, 520, https://doi.org/10.3390/ani100....
 
28.
Szentléleki A., Nagy K., Széplaki K., Kékesi K., Tőzsér J., 2015. Behavioural responses of primiparous and multiparous dairy cows to the milking process over an entire lactation. Ann. Anim. Sci. 15, 185–195, https://doi.org/10.2478/aoas-2....
 
29.
Tóth G., Póti P., Abayné H.E., Gulyás L., Bodnár Á., Pajor F., 2017a. Effect of temperament on milk production, somatic cell count, chemical composition and physical properties in Lacaune dairy sheep breed. Mljekarstvo 67, 261–266, https://doi.org/10.15567/mljek....
 
30.
Tóth G., Póti P., Tokár A., Abayné H.E., Tőzsér J., Pajor F., 2017b. Effect of certain factors on milk production in Lacaune ewes (In Hungarian: Lacaune anyajuhok tejtermelését befolyásoló egyes tényezők vizsgálata). Állatteny. Takarm. 66, 240–245.
 
31.
Villagrá A., Balasch S., Peris C., Torres A., Fernández N., 2007. Order of sheep entry into the milking parlour and its relationship with their milkability. Appl. Anim. Behav. Sci. 108, 58–67, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.appl....
 
32.
Wasilewski A., 1999. Demonstration and verification of a milking order in dairy sheep and its extent and consistency. Appl. Anim. Behav. Sci. 64, 111–124, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0168-....
 
ISSN:1230-1388