ORIGINAL PAPER
Effect of high temperature on growth performance of calves maintained in outdoor hutches
J. Broucek 1  
,   P. Kisac 1,   M. Uhrincat 1,   A. Hanus 1,   F. Benc 1
 
More details
Hide details
1
Research Institute of Animal Production, Slovak Agricultural Research Centre, Hlohovska 2, 949092, Nitra, Slovakia
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
J. Broucek   

Research Institute of Animal Production, Slovak Agricultural Research Centre, Hlohovska 2, 949092, Nitra, Slovakia
Publication date: 2008-04-08
 
J. Anim. Feed Sci. 2008;17(2):139–146
 
KEYWORDS
ABSTRACT
The aim of this work was to evaluate effects of high temperature on the growth, feed intake and health condition of calves kept in individual hutches in southern Slovakia. We tested a hypothesis that the calf performance would be influenced by the season at birth, sire lineage and gender. Sixty-three Holstein calves were reared in individual hutches from the second day of life to weaning at the age of 8 weeks. The calves originated from 5 sires. All calves were divided according to the temperature period at birth. The effects of period were determined according to two patterns: in pattern A, a low temperature period 1 (LT1, from April 4 to June 11, 69 days), high temperature period (HT, from June 12 to September 14, 95 days) and low temperature period 2 (from September 15 to November 24, 70 days) were distinguished; in pattern B, the results obtained in the LT1 and LT2 periods were combined and compared with those found in HT period. The same conditions of nutrition were ensured. We recorded 62 summer days and 14 tropical days during HT. Sixty-six days with the THI value above 72.0 and twenty-six with the values higher than 78.0 were found. The calves born during the HT had the lowest body weight from the first week to the weaning in the both patterns (P<0.05). These calves drank up the most of water to the weaning, and had the least intake of starter mixture (P<0.05).
 
CITATIONS (9):
1.
Seasonal, sex and live weight variations in feed and water consumptions of adult captive African Giant rats (Cricetomys gambianus, Waterhouse - 1840) kept individually in cages
T. Dzenda, J. O. Ayo, C. A. M. Lakpini, A. B. Adelaiye
Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
 
2.
Factors affecting calf mortality in Iranian Holstein dairy herds
Mohammad Azizzadeh, Hadi Fazeli Shooroki, Ali Shafiee Kamalabadi, Mark A. Stevenson
Preventive Veterinary Medicine
 
3.
Diurnal, seasonal and sex variations in rectal temperature of African giant rats (Cricetomys gambianus, Waterhouse)
Tavershima Dzenda, Joseph O. Ayo, Clarence A.M. Lakpini, Alexander B. Adelaiye
Journal of Thermal Biology
 
4.
Invited review: Influence of climatic conditions on the development, performance, and health of calves
L. Roland, M. Drillich, D. Klein-Jöbstl, M. Iwersen
Journal of Dairy Science
 
5.
Effects of chromium supplementation on weight gain, feeding behaviour, health and metabolic criteria of environmentally heat-loaded Holstein dairy calves from birth to weaning
Shahryar Kargar, Fahimeh Mousavi, Saeid Karimi-Dehkordi
Archives of Animal Nutrition
 
6.
Effect of artificial shade on saliva cortisol concentrations of heat-stressed dairy calves
L. Kovács, F.L. Kézér, F. Ruff, O. Szenci, M. Bakony, V. Jurkovich
Domestic Animal Endocrinology
 
7.
Effect of chromium supplementation on growth performance, meal pattern, metabolic and antioxidant status and insulin sensitivity of summer-exposed weaned dairy calves
F. Mousavi, S. Karimi-Dehkordi, S. Kargar, M. H. Ghaffari
animal
 
8.
Pre- and postnatal heat stress abatement affects dairy calf thermoregulation and performance
B. Dado-Senn, Acosta Vega, Rivera Torres, S.L. Field, M.G. Marrero, B.D. Davidson, S. Tao, T.F. Fabris, G. Ortiz-Colón, G.E. Dahl, J. Laporta
Journal of Dairy Science
 
9.
Daytime Evaluation of Oxidative Stress and Behavioural Parameters of Donkeys (Equus asinus) During The Hot-Dry and Cold-Dry (Harmattan) Season in a Tropical Savannah
Friday Zakari, Joseph Ayo, Peter Rekwot, Felix Samuel
Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science
 
ISSN:1230-1388