The potential of Imbrasia belina worm as a poultry and fish feed. A review
S. Moyo 1,2
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University of Fort Hare, Faculty of Science and Agriculture, Department of Livestock and Pasture Sciences, Private Bag X1314, Alice 5700, South Africa
Gwanda State University, Faculty of Life Sciences, Department of Animal Science, Epoch Mine Campus, P.O. Box 30, Filabusi, Zimbabwe
Fort Cox Agricultural and Forestry Training Institute, P.O. Box 2187, King Williams Town 5600, South Africa
Publication date: 2019-09-30
Corresponding author
P.J. Masika   

Fort Cox Agricultural and Forestry Training Institute, P.O. Box 2187, King Williams Town 5600, South Africa
J. Anim. Feed Sci. 2019;28(3):209-219
This review is aimed to present the potential of Imbrasia belina as poultry and fish feed. Imbrasia belina worms contain substantial amounts of proteins, fats, essential amino acids, fatty acids, minerals and carbohydrates useful for the animal health. The worm as a source of protein could be utilised to minimise inadequate nutrition in poultry and fish. It has been documented as feed for such animals as fish, broilers, layers and guinea fowl. Imbrasia belina worm is an alternative source of animal protein, which is locally available, accessible and acceptable as food and feed source. However, using Imbrasia belina worm as animal feed has also some disadvantages as: chitin, the risk of being over exploited, unpalatability and a chance of indigestibility at higher inclusion levels in diets. Therefore, in this review the potential of I. belina worm as poultry and fish feed is assessed.
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