ORIGINAL PAPER
Incorporation of nitrogen isotope 15N into liver DNA during avian embryogenesis. A new approach for measuring the rate of DNA synthesis
 
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1
University of Copenhagen, Department of Basic Animal and Veterinary Sciences, Grønnegårdsvej 3, 1870 Frederiksberg C, Denmark
2
Leibniz Institute for Farm Animal Biology Wilhelm-Stahl-Allee 2, 18196 Dummerstorf, Germany
3
Warsaw University of Life Sciences, Faculty of Animal Sciences, Ciszewskiego 8, 02-786 Warsaw, Poland
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
A. Chwalibog   

University of Copenhagen, Department of Basic Animal and Veterinary Sciences, Grønnegårdsvej 3, 1870 Frederiksberg C, Denmark
Publication date: 2010-05-09
 
J. Anim. Feed Sci. 2010;19(2):269–276
 
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ABSTRACT
The objective of this experiment was to test the possibilities of measuring the rate of DNA synthesis in chicken embryos by applying a simple 15N tracer technique. We hypothesized that the rate of 15N incorporation into liver DNA depends on the type of labelled substance, reflecting precursor availability to provide substrates for nucleotide synthesis. Fertilized eggs were divided into 4 groups (4 × 15): control – not treated, and treated with 15N labeled glycine, ammonium chloride, or sodium nitrate. 15N labeled solutions were given in ovo by injection into albumen. After 20 days of incubation, the labeled substances had no effect on embryo development or morphology. Hepatic DNA was purified and 15N abundance was measured by isotope ratio mass spectrometry. There was significant enrichment of 15N in DNA from the glycine and ammonium chloride groups. We conclude that this simple technique of injecting 15N tracers into incubating eggs can be used to estimate the rate of DNA synthesis.
ISSN:1230-1388