1.054
IF5
1.150
IF
Q3
JCR
1.7
CiteScore
0.396
SJR
Q2
SJR
40
MNiSW
148.75
ICV
ORIGINAL PAPER
 
CC-BY 4.0
 
 

Fungal contamination and Fusarium mycotoxins in cereals grown in different tillage systems

V. Baliukonienė 1  ,  
B. Bakutis 1,  
 
1
Veterinary Academy of Lithuanian Health Sciences University, Department of Food Safety and Animal Hygiene, Tilžės 18, LT-47181, Kaunas, Lithuania
2
Veterinary Academy of Lithuanian Health Sciences University, Milking Training Centre, Tilžės 18, LT-47181, Kaunas, Lithuania
J. Anim. Feed Sci. 2011;20(4):637–647
Publication date: 2011-12-06
KEYWORDS
ABSTRACT
The impact of two tillage systems (conventional and no-tillage) on cereal contamination with fungi and Fusarium mycotoxins was investigated. Samples of soil, cereal seeds, seedlings and freshly harvested grain were taken from plots of an agricultural cooperative in Lithuania. All samples were subjected to mycological analyses. Grain samples were also used for analysis of mycotoxins. In the soil under no-tillage, contamination with fungal spores was 92.9% higher compared to the soil under conventional tillage. In the soil of the no-tillage system we found 20 fungal genera, while in the soil under conventional tillage the number of genera was 15% lower. On cereal seedlings in the no-tillage system fungal spore content was 24.6% higher (P>0.05) and detection frequency of Fusarium fungi was 22.9% higher (P>0.05) than on seedlings in the conventional system. During harvest in feeding grain grown in the conventional tillage system, 2.2-8.0 log10 CFU g‑1 fungal spores were detected, compared to 2.5‑12.0 log10 CFU g-1 in grain in the no-tillage system. A significantly higher grain contamination with Fusarium spp. was detected in the no-tillage system. However, the deoxynivalenol, zearalenone and T‑2 toxin content of grain was not considerably influenced by the different tillage systems, although it varied between species.
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
V. Baliukonienė   
Veterinary Academy of Lithuanian Health Sciences University, Department of Food Safety and Animal Hygiene, Tilžės 18, LT-47181, Kaunas, Lithuania
 
CITATIONS (4):
1. Determination of moulds and mycotoxins in dry dog and cat food using liquid chromatography with mass spectrometry and fluorescence detection
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2. Accumulation of toxigenic Fusarium species and Stenocarpella maydis in maize grain grown under different cropping systems
Londiwe M. Mabuza, Belinda Janse van Rensburg, Bradley C. Flett, Lindy J. Rose
European Journal of Plant Pathology
3. Chemical food contaminants during food processing: sources and control
Changjian Li, Changyan Li, Hang Yu, Yuliang Cheng, Yunfei Xie, Weirong Yao, Yahui Guo, He Qian
Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
4. Mycotoxins in Feed and Food and the Role of Ozone in Their Detoxification and Degradation: An Update
Giuseppe Conte, Marco Fontanelli, Francesca Galli, Lorenzo Cotrozzi, Lorenzo Pagni, Elisa Pellegrini
Toxins
ISSN:1230-1388