ORIGINAL PAPER
Comparative effects of different dietary levels of cellulose and fructooligosaccharides on fermentative processes in the caecum of rats
 
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Institute of Animal Reproduction and Food Research, Polish Academy of Sciences, Department of Biological Analysis of Food, Tuwima 10, 10-747 Olsztyn, Poland
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
A. Jurgoński   

Institute of Animal Reproduction and Food Research, Polish Academy of Sciences, Department of Biological Analysis of Food, Tuwima 10, 10-747 Olsztyn, Poland
Publication date: 2008-01-15
 
J. Anim. Feed Sci. 2008;17(1):88–99
 
KEYWORDS
ABSTRACT
Forty eight male Wistar rats were divided into 6 groups and fed over 4 weeks with diets containing 2.5, 5 or 10% addition of potentially inert carbohydrate cellulose (CEL) or easily fermentable fructooligosaccharides (FOS). In rats fed on CEL diets no substantial changes in the pH, caecal mass, as well as protein, ammonia and short-chain fatty acids (SCFA) concentration in the caecal digesta were observed; almost all microbial enzymes activity also was not modified, except the activity of β-glucuronidase which decreased considerably upon higher doses of CEL (5 and 10%). Lower FOS supplementation (2.5 and 5%) led to desirable changes typical for dietary fructans (increased SCFA concentration and acidification of digesta), while the 10% addition of FOS had some unfavourable effects such as decreased SCFA concentration, especially butyrate, and excessive enlargement of the caecum (tissue and digesta). In conclusion, 10% addition of FOS seems to be an overdose, while CEL can be recognized as a good negative control in experiments with non-digestible saccharides, however, its influence on microflora activity should be considered during the interpretation of the obtained results.
 
CITATIONS (15):
1.
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2.
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Adam Jurgoński, Bartosz Fotschki, Jerzy Juśkiewicz
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3.
Disparate metabolic effects of blackcurrant seed oil in rats fed a basal and obesogenic diet
Adam Jurgoński, Bartosz Fotschki, Jerzy Juśkiewicz
European Journal of Nutrition
 
4.
Administration of Inulin-Supplemented Gluten-Free Diet Modified Calcium Absorption and Caecal Microbiota in Rats in a Calcium-Dependent Manner
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Chemical composition of polyphenols extracted from strawberry pomace and their effect on physiological properties of diets supplemented with different types of dietary fibre in rats
Monika Kosmala, Zenon Zduńczyk, Krzysztof Kołodziejczyk, Elżbieta Klimczak, Jerzy Juśkiewicz, Przemysław Zduńczyk
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6.
The effects of dietary dried fruit pomaces on growth performance and gastrointestinal biochemistry of turkey poults
J. Juskiewicz, J. Jankowski, M. Kosmala, Z. Zdunczyk, B. A. Slominski, P. Zdunczyk
Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
 
7.
Strawberry Ellagitannins Thwarted the Positive Effects of Dietary Fructooligosaccharides in Rat Cecum
Bartosz Fotschki, Joanna Milala, Adam Jurgoński, Elżbieta Karlińska, Zenon Zduńczyk, Jerzy Juśkiewicz
Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
 
8.
Anthocyanins in Strawberry Polyphenolic Extract Enhance the Beneficial Effects of Diets with Fructooligosaccharides in the Rat Cecal Environment
Bartosz Fotschki, Jerzy Juśkiewicz, Adam Jurgoński, Krzysztof Kołodziejczyk, Joanna Milala, Monika Kosmala, Zenon Zduńczyk, Irina V Lebedeva
PLOS ONE
 
9.
Chemical Composition of Natural and Polyphenol-free Apple Pomace and the Effect of This Dietary Ingredient on Intestinal Fermentation and Serum Lipid Parameters in Rats
Monika Kosmala, Krzysztof Kołodziejczyk, Zenon Zduńczyk, Jerzy Juśkiewicz, Danuta Boros
Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
 
10.
Polyphenol-rich extract from blackcurrant pomace attenuates the intestinal tract and serum lipid changes induced by a high-fat diet in rabbits
Adam Jurgoński, Jerzy Juśkiewicz, Zenon Zduńczyk, Paulius Matusevicius, Krzysztof Kołodziejczyk
European Journal of Nutrition
 
11.
Physiological Properties of Dietary Ellagitannin-Rich Preparations Obtained from Strawberry Pomace Using Different Extraction Methods
Jerzy Juśkiewicz, Bogusław Król, Monika Kosmala, Joanna Milala, Zenon Zduńczyk, Ewa Żary-Sikorska
Polish Journal of Food and Nutrition Sciences
 
12.
Grinding levels of raspberry pomace affect intestinal microbial activity, lipid and glucose metabolism in Wistar rats
Bartosz Fotschki, Jerzy Juśkiewicz, Adam Jurgoński, Monika Kosmala, Joanna Milala, Zenon Zduńczyk, Jarosław Markowski
Food Research International
 
13.
“Dietary fibre”: moving beyond the “soluble/insoluble” classification for monogastric nutrition, with an emphasis on humans and pigs
Barbara Williams, Deirdre Mikkelsen, Bernadine Flanagan, Michael Gidley
Journal of Animal Science and Biotechnology
 
14.
Physiological effects of long-term feeding diets supplemented with potato fibre or cellulose to adult rats
Barbara Pastuszewska, Marcin Taciak, Anna Tuśnio, Tomasz Misztal, Anna Ochtabińska
Archives of Animal Nutrition
 
15.
Fructo-Oligosaccharides and Pectins Enhance Beneficial Effects of Raspberry Polyphenols in Rats with Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver
Bartosz Fotschki, Jerzy Juśkiewicz, Adam Jurgoński, Michał Sójka
Nutrients
 
ISSN:1230-1388