ORIGINAL PAPER
The effect of dietary sodium bicarbonate on performance and blood parameters of broiler chickens and local Balady breed inoculated with Salmonella gallinarum
 
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1
The University of Jordan, Department of Animal Production, Faculty of Agriculture, Amman -11942, Jordan
2
Al Hussein Bin Talal University, Department of Biology, Faculty of Sciences, P.O.Box (20), Amman -11821, Jordan
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
H. A. Zakaria   

The University of Jordan, Department of Animal Production, Faculty of Agriculture, Amman -11942, Jordan
Publication date: 2009-03-20
 
J. Anim. Feed Sci. 2009;18(2):335–347
 
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ABSTRACT
To determine the role of 0.5% sodium bicarbonate (NaHCO3) on the performance of chickens inoculated with Salmonella gallinarum, a total of 720 one-day-old-broiler chicks from four strains Hubbard (H), Lohmann (L), Ross (R) and Balady (B) were grown for 42 days in 24 pens, two levels of NaHCO3 (0 and 0.5%) and 3 replicates/treatment (4 strains × 2 dietary treatment × 3 replicates of 30 birds for each group) in a completely randomized design. Dietary NaHCO3 supplementation had significant adverse effects on average body weight (P<0.001), feed intake and feed conversion ratio (FCR). Body weight of the four non-treated groups was significantly higher than treated (P<0.001) and B strain birds had the lightest final body weight and the poorest FCR and was significantly different from the 3 commercial strains (P<0.05). Blood glucose, cholesterol, and total protein were not affected by dietary alterations or strain differences. The re-isolation of Salmonella gallinarum from liver and intestine of sacrificed and inoculated chickens revealed that the organism could be shed from liver and intestine with alternative rates in all strains. There was a significantly higher mortality rate in treated groups (P<0.05) during the whole experimental period. Furthermore, B strain was numerically the most resistant to Salmonella gallinarum of the untreated groups. The use of 0.5% dietary NaHCO3 did not improve the performance of the different strains nor prevent the localization of Salomenella gallinarum.
 
CITATIONS (1):
1.
The Effects of Sodium Chloride versus Sodium Bicarbonate at the Same Dietary Sodium Concentration on Efficacy of Dietary Phytase and a Carbohydrase-Protease Cocktail in Broilers
M Argüelles-Ramos, J Brake
Brazilian Journal of Poultry Science
 
ISSN:1230-1388