Incidence of genetically modified soyabean and maize as animal feed in Egypt
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Department of Nutrition and Clinical Nutrition, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Cairo University, 12211 Giza, Egypt
Present address: Federal Institute for Risk Assessment (BfR), Thielallee 88 - 92, D-14195 Berlin, Germany
Federal Institute for Risk Assessment (BfR), Thielallee 88 - 92, D-14195 Berlin, Germany
Institute of Poultry Diseases, Free University, Koserstr. 21, D-14195, Berlin, Germany
Institute of Animal Nutrition, Federal Agricultural Research Centre (FAL), Bundesallee 50, D-38116 Braunschweig, Germany
Publication date: 2003-04-04
J. Anim. Feed Sci. 2003;12(2):325-339
As a consequence of rapid progress in agricultural biotechnology, increasing amounts of genetically modified (GM) crops have entered the food and feed chain in recent years. The aim of our study, which conducted during 2000-2001, was to monitor the incidence of Roundup ReadyTM soyabean (RRS) and the GM maize lines Bt176, Bt11, T25, MON810 and StarLink in Egypt. With the exception of StarLinkTM, which was approved only for feed use, the other constructs were approved for use as food and/or feed in the US and other countries. Fifty one soyabean samples and 61 maize samples were randomly collected from different localities in Egypt. The detection techniques applied were based on Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) using validated, offcial detection methods according to Article 35 of the German Federal Foodstuffs Act. The results of our survey showed that all soyabean samples imported from Argentina, and 50% of American soyabean samples contained RRS. Of the 20 maize samples imported from USA, 16 contained Bt176, 17 Bt11, 12 MON810, 19 T25 and 9 StarLinkTM. In addition, of the 7 maize samples imported from Argentina, 4 contained Bt176 and MON810, 5 T25, 6 Bt11 and 2 StarLinkTM. In contrast, all Egyptian local varieties of soyabean and maize were non transgenic.
Qualitative detection of genetically modified material in crops and food products containing maize and soybean in Algeria
Meriem Louanchi, Nawel Belalia, Arezki Lehad, Samia Laala, Lila Naouelle Salhi
African Journal of Biotechnology
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