ORIGINAL PAPER
Comparison of nutrient composition and anti-methanogenic properties of different Rosaceae species
K. Kara 1  
,   B. K. Güçlü 1,   E. Baytok 1
 
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Erciyes University, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Department of Animal Nutrition and Nutritional Diseases, 38039 Kayseri, Turkey
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
K. Kara   

Erciyes University, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Department of Animal Nutrition and Nutritional Diseases, 38039 Kayseri, Turkey
Publication date: 2015-11-24
 
J. Anim. Feed Sci. 2015;24(4):308–314
 
KEYWORDS
ABSTRACT
The aim of the study was to compare different parts (leaves, fruits, seeds) of three Rosaceae species (Rosa canina, Crataegus orientalis and Crataegus monogyna) in terms of nutrient composition and in vitro ruminal fermentation parameters. The in vitro total gas production levels of the leaves of all Rosaceae species were similar (P > 0.05). The in vitro total gas production of R. canina fruits and seeds was lower compared with those of C. orientalis and C. monogyna fruits (P = 0.001) and seeds (P = 0.008). The in vitro methane production of R. canina seeds was lower (13.66%) than that of the Crataegus seeds (16.50%–16.80%; P < 0.01). The methane production of the leaves and fruits of all three Rosaceae species was similar (P > 0.05). There were no differences among the in vitro short-chain fatty acid (SCFA), organic matter digestibility (OMD), metabolizable energy (ME) and net energy lactation (NEL) levels of leaves of the three Rosaceae species. The ME, NEL, SCFA and OMD levels of Rosaceae fruits and seeds differed significantly (P < 0.01). The Rosaceae fruits and seeds could be ordered as C. orientalis > C. monogyna > R. canina in terms of ME, NEL, SCFA and OMD. The leaves of the Crataegus species, when compared in terms of roughage source for grazing animals in scrublands, contain a moderate level of crude protein and fibre, but the crude protein level in the leaves of R. canina was rather low. The leaves and fruits of all tested Rosaceae species and the seeds of R. canina can be used as rumen modulators with an anti-methanogenic effect. These results suggest that Crataegus leaves have the advantage of maintaining their nutritive value for ruminants throughout the dry season (especially in late summer) when grasses dry up.
 
CITATIONS (13):
1.
Nutrient composition and in vitro digestion parameters of Jerusalem artichoke (Helianthus tuberosus L.) herbage at different maturity stages in horse and ruminant
A. Ersahince, K. Kara
Journal of Animal and Feed Sciences
 
2.
Ruminal digestibility, microbial count, volatile fatty acids and gas kinetics of alternative forage sources for arid and semi-arid areas as in vitro
Kanber Kara, Eray Aktuğ, Serkan Özkaya
Italian Journal of Animal Science
 
3.
Effect of dietary formic acid on the in vitro ruminal fermentation parameters of barley-based concentrated mix feed of beef cattle
Kanber Kara, Serkan Özkaya, Sabri Erbaş, Erol Baytok
Journal of Applied Animal Research
 
4.
In vitro fermentation, digestibility and methane production as influenced by Delonix regia seed meal containing tannins and saponins
C. Supapong, A. Cherdthong, A. Seankamsorn, B. Khonkhaeng, M. Wanapat, S. Uriyapongson, N. Gunun, P. Gunun, P. Chanjula, S. Polyorach
Journal of Animal and Feed Sciences
 
5.
The effect of Mediterranean thyme (Thymbra spicata L. var. spicata) essential oil on fattening performance and ruminal parameters in lamb
E. Baytok, K. Kara, T. Aksu, B. Güçlü, S. Özkaya, N. Denek, A. Kamalak, D. Kaya, S. Önel, A. Akçay
Journal of Animal and Feed Sciences
 
6.
Effect of dietary fibre and condensed tannins concentration from various fibrous feedstuffs on in vitro gas production kinetics with rabbit faecal inoculum
K. Kara
Journal of Animal and Feed Sciences
 
7.
Investigation in terms of digestive values, silages quality and nutrient content of the using pomegranate pomace in the ensiling of apple pomace with high moisture contents
Kanber Kara, Berrin Kocaoglu Guclu, Erol Baytok, Eray Aktug, Fatma Karakas Oguz, Adem Kamalak, Ali Ihsan Atalay
Journal of Applied Animal Research
 
8.
Effects of replacing rice bran with tamarind seed meal in concentrate mixture diets on the changes in ruminal ecology and feed utilization of dairy steers
Ahkarapon Nunoi, Metha Wanapat, Suban Foiklang, Thiwakorn Ampapon, Bounnaxay Viennasay
Tropical Animal Health and Production
 
9.
The in vitro digestion of neutral detergent fibre and other ruminal fermentation parameters of some fibrous feedstuffs in Damascus goat (Capra aegagrus hircus)
K. Kara
Journal of Animal and Feed Sciences
 
10.
Productive behavior in growing kid goats and methane production with the inclusion of chokecherry leaf (Prunus salicifolia)
Jimenez Robles, Perez Ruiz, Di Nicolas, Canul Chay, Julio Ramirez-Rivera, Daniela Villegas-Estrada, Einar Vargas-Bello-Pérez, Manuel Gonzalez-Ronquillo
Tropical Animal Health and Production
 
11.
The forage quality and the in vitro ruminal digestibility, gas production, organic acids, and some estimated digestion parameters of tomato herbage silage with molasses and barley
Mahmut TEKİN, Kanber KARA
TURKISH JOURNAL OF VETERINARY AND ANIMAL SCIENCES
 
12.
Nutritional composition of herbage of different Jerusalem artichoke genotypes
H. Pinar, K. Kara, F. Hanci, M. Kaplan
Journal of Animal and Feed Sciences
 
13.
Nutrient matter, fatty acids, in vitro gas production and digestion of herbage and silage quality of yellow sweet clover (Melilotus officinalis L.) at different phenological stages
K. KARA
Journal of Animal and Feed Sciences
 
ISSN:1230-1388