CC-BY 4.0

Effect of vitamin E and selenium supplementation on haematology, blood chemistry and thyroid hormones in male buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) calves

P. L. Shinde 1,  
R. S. Dass 1  ,  
Mineral and Vitamin Nutrition Laboratory, Centre of Advanced Studies in Animal Nutrition, Indian Veterinary Research institute, Izatnagar-243122 (UP), India
J. Anim. Feed Sci. 2009;18(2):241–256
Publish date: 2009-03-20
An experiment was conducted on 20 male buffalo calves (average body weight 75.30±2.20 kg) to elucidate the effect of supplemental vitamin E and/or selenium (Se) on their haematology, blood metabolic profile, serum enzymes and thyroid hormones status. Group I served as control (without any supplementation), groups II, III and IV were supplemented with 0.3 mg Se, 300 IU of DL-α-tocopheryl acetate, and both 300 IU DL-α-tocopheryl acetate and 0.3 mg Se, respectively. Animals were fed on wheat straw and concentrate mixture to meet their nutrient requirements. Blood was collected at zero day and subsequently at 45, 90, 135 and 180 days and analysed for haematological parameters, blood chemistry and level of thyroid hormones. Results revealed no significant difference (P>0.05) in haematological parameters (haemoglobin, packed cell volume, red blood cell, white blood cell) due to the supplementation of vitamin E ,Se or both vitamin E + Se in buffalo calves. Similarly, the concentration of various blood biochemical components (glucose, total protein, albumin, globulin, urea, creatinine, total cholesterol, and triglycerides) except high density lipid (HDL) cholesterol was statistically similar in 4 groups. Results revealed significantly (P<0.01) higher concentration (mg/dl) of HDL cholesterol in buffalo calves given Se and Se + vitamin E as compared to control and vitamin E supplemented groups. There was no significant difference in serum enzymes (serum glutamate oxaloacetate transaminase, serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase, alkaline phosphatase, creatine kinase and lactate dehydrogenase) activities due to different treatments. Level of triiodothyronine was significantly (P<0.01) higher in buffalo calves supplemented with selenium, and vitamin E + Se, as compared to non-supplemented control group; whereas concentration of thyroxine (nmol/l) was statistically similar in 4 groups, without showing any effect of different treatments. It may be concluded that supplementation of Se and vitamin E in the diet of buffalo calves had no beneficial effect on blood haematology and blood chemistry except an increase in the serum levels of high density lipid cholesterol and triiodothyronine as compared to non-supplemented control buffalo calves.
R. S. Dass   
Mineral and Vitamin Nutrition Laboratory, Centre of Advanced Studies in Animal Nutrition, Indian Veterinary Research institute, Izatnagar-243122 (UP), India
1. Influence of Different Amounts and Sources of Selenium Supplementation on Performance, Some Blood Parameters, and Nutrient Digestibility in Lambs
Reza Alimohamady, Hassan Aliarabi, Aliasghar Bahari, Amir Hossein Dezfoulian
Biological Trace Element Research
2. Effects of differentdl-selenomethionine and sodium selenite levels on growth performance, immune functions and serum thyroid hormones concentrations in broilers
Y. Wang, H. Wang, X. Zhan
Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
3. Effect of selenium supplementation on performance, cost economics, and biochemical profile of Nellore ram lambs
K. Sushma, Y. Ramana Reddy, N. Nalini Kumari, P. Baswa Reddy, T. Raghunandan, K. Sridhar
Veterinary World
4. Effects of maternal dietary selenium (Se-enriched yeast) on growth performance, antioxidant status and haemato-biochemical parameters of their male kids in Taihang Black Goats
Lei Shi, Youshe Ren, Chunxiang Zhang, Wenbin Yue, Fulin Lei
Animal Feed Science and Technology
5. A Summary of New Findings on the Biological Effects of Selenium in Selected Animal Species—A Critical Review
Bozena Hosnedlova, Marta Kepinska, Sylvie Skalickova, Carlos Fernandez, Branislav Ruttkay-Nedecky, Thembinkosi Donald Malevu, Jiri Sochor, Mojmir Baron, Magdalena Melcova, Jarmila Zidkova, Rene Kizek
International Journal of Molecular Sciences
6. Blood biochemical indicators and concentration of thyroid hormones in heavily pregnant and lactating ewes depending on selenium supplementation
Josip Novoselec, Marcela Šperanda, Željka Klir, Boro Mioč, Zvonimir Steiner, Zvonko Antunović
Acta Veterinaria Brno
7. Effect of zinc and vitamin E supplementation on hormones and blood biochemicals in peri-partum Sahiwal cows
Gulab Chandra, Anjali Aggarwal, Muneendra Kumar, Anil Kumar Singh
Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and Biology
8. Beneficial and Paradoxical Roles of Selenium at Nutritional Levels of Intake in Healthspan and Longevity
Li Zhang, Huawei Zeng, Wen-Hsing Cheng
Free Radical Biology and Medicine
9. A prophylactic protocol to stimulate the immune response also control infectious disease and, consequently, minimizes diarrhea in newborn heifers
Andreia Volpato, Aleksandro S. Da Silva, Regiane B. Crecencio, Thainã Tomasi, Bruno F. Fortuoso, Marluciana P. Ribeiro, Rodrigo Secco, Wanderson A.B. Pereira, Nathieli B. Bottari, Maria Rosa C. Schetinger, Vera Maria M. Morsch, Matheus D. Baldissera, Lenita M. Stefani, Gustavo Machado
Microbial Pathogenesis
10. Effects of Vitamin E and Selenium on Growth Performance, Antioxidant Capacity, and Metabolic Parameters in Growing Furring Blue Foxes (Alopex lagopus)
Keyuan Liu, Hanlu Liu, Ting Zhang, Linlin Mu, Xueqing Liu, Guangyu Li
Biological Trace Element Research