ORIGINAL PAPER
Ruminal degradability of Virginia fanpetals (Sida hermaphrodita) herbage and silage depending on the harvest time
J. P. Michalski 1  
,   M. Borsuk 2
,   Z. Nogalski 3
,   M. Baranowska 2
,   A. Krawczyńska 1
,   C. Purwin 2
 
More details
Hide details
1
The Kielanowski Institute of Animal Physiology of Nutrition Polish Academy of Sciences, Instytucka 3, 05-110 Jabłonna, Poland
2
University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn, Department of Animal Nutrition and Feed Science, Oczapowskiego 5, 10-719 Olsztyn, Poland
3
University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn, Department of Cattle Breeding and Milk Evaluation, Oczapowskiego 5, 10-719 Olsztyn, Poland
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
J. P. Michalski   

The Kielanowski Institute of Animal Physiology of Nutrition Polish Academy of Sciences, Instytucka 3, 05-110 Jabłonna
Publication date: 2020-12-21
 
J. Anim. Feed Sci. 2020;29(4):316–322
 
KEYWORDS
TOPICS
ABSTRACT
Virginia fanpetals (Sida hermaphrodita) as a crop plant is characterized by high biomass yield, high protein content and good fibre composition. The aim of the study was to evaluate ruminal degradability of Virginia fanpetals herbage and silage of first swath and regrowth. In situ ruminal degradability was determined using 2 rumen fistulated heifers fed standard diet. Degradation was estimated using nylon bags with dried feed placed in the rumen for 2, 4, 8, 16, 24, 48 and 72 h. Ensiling accelerated the dry matter (DM) degradability of first swath in the first hours of incubation and slowed down in the following hours. Ensiling the regrowth accelerated DM degradability both in the initial and final hours. In the silage from regrowth effective rumen degradability (ERD) of DM and neutral detergent fibre (NDF) were higher than in herbage. Ensiling accelerated crude protein (CP) degradability in both swaths so ERD of CP was higher in both silages. The results of the present study show that Virginia fanpetals green fodder preserved by ensiling can be successfully used as supplementary forage for ruminants. In particular, first swath silage, due to its high protein content, can be used instead of legume silage in diets for cattle, and also it can reduce the need to use high-protein concentrate. However, ensiling caused significant acceleration of rumen protein degradability, which with unchanged DM and fibre degradability rate is not a desirable effect and requires simultaneous delivery of easily digestible carbohydrates into diets.
 
REFERENCES (24)
1.
AOAC International, 2005. Official Methods of Analysis of AOAC International. 18th Edition. AOAC International, Gaithersburg, MD (USA).
 
2.
Bandyukova V.A., Ligai L.V., 1987. Study of the kinetics of the extraction of flavonoids from plant raw material I. Extraction of rutin from Sida hermaphrodita. Chem Nat Comp. 23, 551–553, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF0059...
 
3.
Borkowska H., 1994. Anti-nutritional substances in the leaves and roots of Sida (in Polish). Biul. Naukowy Przem. Pasz. 3/4, 49–52.
 
4.
Calsamiglia S., Ferret A., Reynolds C.K., Kristensen N.B., van Vuuren A.M., 2010. Strategies for optimizing nitrogen use by ruminants. Animal 7, 1184–1196, https://doi.org/10.1017/S17517....
 
5.
Frank B., Persson M., Gustafsson G., 2002. Feeding dairy cows for decreased ammonia emission. Livest. Prod. Sci. 76, 171–179, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0301-....
 
6.
Fijałkowska M., Przemieniecki S.W., Kurowski T., Lipiński K., Nogalski Z., Purwin C., 2017. Ensiling suitability and microbiological quality of Virginia fanpetals biomass. Can. J. Anim. Sci. 97, 541–544, https://doi.org/10.1139/cjas-2....
 
7.
Ganeshpurkar A., Saluja A.K., 2017. The pharmacological potential of rutin. Saudi Pharm. J. 25, 2, 149–164, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsps....
 
8.
INRA, 2007. Nutrition of cattle, sheep and goats: animal needs - feed values. Quae Editions, Paris (France).
 
9.
Manning D.B., Bemmann A., Bredemeier M., Lamersdorf N., Ammer C., Bemman A., 2015. Bioenergy from dendromass for the sustainable development of rural areas, John Wiley & Sons: Hoboken, NJ (USA), https://doi.org/10.1002/978352....
 
10.
Michalet-Doreau B., Vérité R., Chapoutot P., 1987. Methodology of estimating degradability in sacco of nitrogen in feed in the rumen. Bull. Tech. CRZV Theix, 69, 5–7.
 
11.
Mustafa A.F., Seguin P., 2003. Ensiling characteristics, ruminal degradabilities and whole tract nutrient utilization of berseem clover (Trifolium alexandrium L.) silage. Can. J. Anim. Sci. 83, 147–152, https://doi.org/10.4141/A02-05....
 
12.
OJEU (Official Journal of the European Union), 2010. Directive 2010/63/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council on the Protection of Animals Used for Scientific Purposes; OJEU 20.10.2010, Series L 276; OJEU, Brussels (Belgium), 33–79.
 
13.
Oleszek M., Matyka M., Lalak J., Tys J., Paprota E., 2013. Characterization of Sida hermaphrodita as a feedstock for anaerobic digestion process. J. Food Agric. Environ. 11, 1839–1841.
 
14.
Ørskov E.R., McDonald P., 1979. The estimation of protein degradability in the rumen from incubation measurements weighted according to rates of passage. J. Agr. Sci. 92, 499–503, https://doi.org/10.1017/S00218....
 
15.
Porter M.G., Murray R.S., 2001. The volatility of components of grass silage on oven drying and the inter-relationship between dry matter content estimated by different analytical methods. Grass Forage Sci. 56, 405–411, https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1365....
 
16.
Purwin C., Fijałkowska M., Kowalik B., Skórko-Sajko H., Nogalski Z., Pysera B., 2014. The effect of bale density and addition of formic acid on the in situ dry matter and crude protein degradation of lucerne, red clover and red fescue silages. J. Anim. Feed Sci. 23, 177–184, https://doi.org/10.22358/jafs/....
 
17.
Purwin C., Nogalski Z., Starczewski M., Czurgiel S., Fijałkowska M., Momot M. and Borsuk M., 2020. Effects of dietary substitution of alfalfa silage with Virginia fanpetals silage in lactating Polish Holstein Friesian dairy cows. Animals 10, 1746, https://doi.org/10.3390/ani101....
 
18.
StatSoft Inc. STATISTICA (Data Analysis Software System), 2014. ver. 12.0., http://www.statsoft.com.
 
19.
Sullivan M.L., Hatfield R.D., Samac D.A., 2008. Cloning of an alfalfa polyphenol oxidase gene and evaluation of its potential in preventing postharvest protein degradation. J. Sci. Food Agric. 88, 1406–1414, https://doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.3....
 
20.
Tarkowski A., 2008. The yield and chemical composition of milk of cows fed the ration with protein-fibrous extruderate. J. Cent. Eur. Agric. 9, 645–650.
 
21.
Tarkowski A., Truchliński J., 2011. Nutritional value of Virginia fanpetals (Sida hermaphrodita Rusby) protein in evaluation of nitrogen fertilization effect on environment. New Med. 1, 8–11.
 
22.
Thomas T.A., 1977. An automated procedure for the determination of soluble carbohydrates in herbage. J. Sci. Food Agric. 28, 639–642, https://doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.2....
 
23.
Van Soest P.J., 1994. Nutritional ecology of the ruminant. 2nd Ed. Comstock Publishing Associates, Division of Cornell University Press, Ithaca, London, https://doi.org/10.7591/978150...
 
24.
Van Soest P.J., Robertson J.B., Lewis B.A., 1991. Methods of dietary fiber, neutral detergent fiber and nonstarch polysaccharides in relation to animal nutrition. J. Dairy Sci. 74, 3583–3597, https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.S0....
 
 
CITATIONS (1):
1.
The Quality, Intake, and Digestibility of Virginia Fanpetals (Sida hermaphrodita L. Rusby) Silage Produced under Different Technologies and Its Effect on the Performance of Young Cattle
Cezary Purwin, Maciej Starczewski, Marta Borsuk, Zenon Nogalski, Paulina Opyd, Magdalena Mazur-Kuśnirek, Ireneusz Białobrzewski
Animals
 
ISSN:1230-1388