0.906
IF5
0.875
IF
Q3
JCR
1.0
CiteScore
0.374
SJR
Q2
SJR
20
MNiSW
165.24
ICV
SHORT COMMUNICATION
 
CC-BY 4.0
 
 

Effects of dietary concentrate level on ruminal fermentation and microbial growth efficiency in dual flow continuous culture

L. Lu 1,  
Z. G. Xia 2, 3,  
M. Lin 3,  
X. X. Wang 1,  
Q. X. Meng 3  
 
1
Department of Animal Science, Beijing University of Agriculture, Beijing 102206, P.R. China
2
Department of Certification, China Green Food Development Centre, Beijing 100081, P.R. China
3
College of Animal Science & Technology, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100094, P.R. China
J. Anim. Feed Sci. 2007;16(Suppl. 2):201–206
Publication date: 2007-09-17
KEYWORDS
ABSTRACT
A dual-flow continuous culture system was used to study the effect of dietary concentrate levels (0, 20, 40, 60, 80, 100%) on rumen fermentation characteristics and microbial growth efficiency. Dilution rates of solid and liquor fractions were set at 0.04/h and 0.08/h, respectively. The results showed that increasing concentrate level resulted in increased digestibilities of DM and OM, but in decreased digestibilities of NDF and ADF. Also, as the concentrate level increased, there was a decrease in ruminal pH, ammonia concentration and an increased total VFA production. Increasing dietary concentrate level, the molar proportion of propionate linearly increased, but that of acetate decreased. As dietary concentrate level increased, daily microbial N production (DMNP) and microbial growth efficiency (MOEFF) increased. The maximum DMNP and MOEFF were achieved at 80% dietary concentrate level.
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
Q. X. Meng   
College of Animal Science & Technology, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100094, P.R. China
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ISSN:1230-1388