1.054
IF5
1.150
IF
Q3
JCR
1.7
CiteScore
0.396
SJR
Q2
SJR
40
MNiSW
165.24
ICV
ORIGINAL PAPER
 
CC-BY 4.0
 
 

Effects of calcium carbonate on the fermentation quality and aerobic stability of total mixed ration silage

P. Tian 1,  
D. Vyas 2,  
D. Niu 1,  
S. Zuo 1,  
Di Jiang 1,  
Ch. Xu 1  
 
1
China Agricultural University, College of Engineering, 17 Qinghua East Road, Haidian District, Beijing, China
2
University of Florida, Department of Animal Sciences, 2250 Shealy Drive, 32611, Gainesville, FL, USA
J. Anim. Feed Sci. 2020;29(2):167–174
Publication date: 2020-06-30
KEYWORDS
TOPICS
ABSTRACT
The aim of the study was to evaluate the effects of calcium carbonate (CCA) on the fermentation quality, aerobic stability and microbial counts during the aerobic deterioration of two high moisture total mixed ration (TMR) silages. The alfalfa hay, sweet potato residue, maize flour, soybean meal, molasses and vitamin-mineral supplement were mixed on a dry matter (DM) basis in the rations of 40:30:18:9:2:1, respectively, to prepare TMR. The moisture level of TMR silage was adjusted to 600 (medium) and 750 g/kg (high) before ensiling with 0, 5, 15 and 25 g/kg CCA (on a fresh weight (FW) basis). The fermentation quality, chemical composition, microbial counts and aerobic stability of TMR were assessed after 150 days of ensiling. It was observed that pH, lactic acid, acetic acid, ammonia nitrogen and the population of lactic acid bacteria (LAB) were influenced (P < 0.05) by moisture level, CCA application and their interaction. Likewise, adding increasing amounts of CCA increased aerobic stability (P < 0.05) of the TMR silage from 18.4 to 23.7 days and from 3.7 to 11.5 days at medium and high moisture level, respectively. Moreover, it was observed that the growth of yeasts and aerobic bacteria were inhibited by the CCA application during the aerobic deterioration. The application of CCA additive is an appropriate strategy for improving fermentation quality and aerobic stability of both relatively high moisture TMR silages.
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
This work was supported by National Key R&D Program of China (2017YFD0502100).
FUNDING
This work was supported by National Key R&D Program of China (2017YFD0502100).
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
Ch. Xu   
China Agricultural University, College of Engineering, 17 Qinghua East Road, Haidian District, Beijing
 
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CITATIONS (1):
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ISSN:1230-1388