CC-BY 4.0

Effect of pelleted cereal-based feed for addax antelope (Addax nasomaculatus) on feed intake and nutrient digestibility

M. Przybyło 1,  
P. Górka 1  ,  
P. Tyl 1,  
J. Kański 1,  
University of Agriculture in Krakow, Faculty of Animal Sciences, Department of Animal Nutrition and Dietetics, al. Mickiewicza 24/28, 30-059 Kraków, Poland
Silesian Zoological Garden, Promenada gen. Jerzego Ziętka 7, 41-501 Chorzów, Poland
J. Anim. Feed Sci. 2017;26(4):348–353
Publication date: 2017-11-09
The aim of this study was to determine the effect of pelleted cerealbased feed in the diet for addax antelope (Addax nasomaculatus) on feed intake and nutrient digestibility. Four addax females (3 years old) were allocated to 1 of 3 treatments according to 3 × 3 Latin square design and fed 3 diets. Each diet consisted of basal diet and meadow hay. In diet A basal diet consisted of a mixture of ground concentrates, chopped dehydrated lucerne, vegetables and fruits. In diet B 50% and in diet C 100% of dry matter (DM) provided with concentrates and chopped dehydrated lucerne in diet A was replaced with a pelleted cereal-based feed. Meadow hay was offered ad libitum. Two females (sisters) were kept together through the study and thus pen was used as an experimental unit. The diets were formulated to be similar for crude protein and crude fibre content. DM intake (DMI) of basal diet did not differ between treatments (P ≥ 0.52) whereas DMI of hay and total DMI linearly decreased with increasing pellet inclusion in the basal diet (P = 0.05 and P = 0.03, respectively). Digestibility of neutral detergent fibre tended to linearly decrease (P = 0.09) and digestibility of hemicellulose linearly decreased (P = 0.05) with increasing pellet inclusion in the diet. Pelleted cereal-based feed used in the diet for addax had a negative effect on roughage intake and digestibility of structured carbohydrates compared to non-pelleted feed of similar nutrient composition.
P. Górka   
University of Agriculture in Krakow, Faculty of Animal Sciences, Department of Animal Nutrition and Dietetics, al. Mickiewicza 24/28, 30-059 Kraków, Poland
1. Abouheif M.A., Al-Saiady M.Y., Al-Mufarrej S.I., Makkawi A., Ibrahim H.A., Aljumaah R.S., 2012. Effect of physical form of diet and frequency of feeding on digesta retention time and digestion in Najdi lambs. J. Anim. Vet. Adv. 11, 1774–1779, https://doi.org/10.3923/javaa....
2. Bertipaglia L.M.A., Fondevila M., van Laar H., Castrillo C., 2010. Effect of pelleting and pellet size of a concentrate for intensively reared beef cattle on in vitro fermentation by two different approaches. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol. 159, 88–95, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.anif....
3. Castrillo C., Mota M., Van Laar H., Martín-Tereso J., Gimeno A., Fondevila M., Guada J.A., 2013. Effect of compound feed pelleting and die diameter on rumen fermentation in beef cattle fed high concentrate diets. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol. 180, 34–43, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.anif....
4. Clauss M., Dierenfeld E.S., 2008. The nutrition of “browsers”. In: M.E. Fowler, R.E. Miller (Editors). Zoo and Wild Animal Medicine. Current Therapy. 6th Edition. Saunders Elsevier. St. Louis, MO (USA), pp. 444–454, https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-1....
5. Clauss M., Fritz J., Bayer D., Nygren K., Hammer S., Hatt J.-M., Südekum K.-H., Hummel J., 2009. Physical characteristics of rumen contents in four large ruminants of different feeding type, the addax (Addax nasomaculatus), bison (Bison bison), red deer (Cervus elaphus) and moose (Alces alces). Comp. Biochem. Physiol. A – Mol. Integr. Physiol. 152, 398–406, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cbpa....
6. Gagnon M., Chew A.E., 2000. Dietary preferences in extant African Bovidae. J. Mammal. 81, 490–511, https://doi.org/10.1644/1545-1...<0490:DPIEAB>2.0.CO;2.
7. Gattiker C., Espie I., Kotze A., Lane E.P., Codron D., Clauss M., 2014. Diet and diet-related disorders in captive ruminants at the national zoological gardens of South Africa. Zoo Biol. 33, 426–432, https://doi.org/10.1002/zoo.21....
8. Gimeno A., Al Alami A., Toral P.G., Frutos P., Abecia L., Fondevila M., Castrillo C., 2015. Effect of grinding or pelleting high grain maize- or barley-based concentrates on rumen environment and microbiota of beef cattle. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol. 203, 67–78, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.anif....
9. Górka P., Przybyło M., Kański J., Kloska A., 2016. Effect of pelleted cereal-based feed used in the diet on feed intake, eating behaviour, rumination and nutrient digestibility in antelope sitatunga (Tragelaphus spekii). J. Anim. Feed Sci. 25, 125–133, https://doi.org/10.22358/jafs/....
10. Gussek I., Große-Brinkhaus C., Hummel J., Südekum K.-H., 2016. Chemical composition and fermentation characteristics of feedstuffs for giraffes (Giraffa camelopardalis) in German zoos. J. Anim. Feed Sci. 25, 134–144, https://doi.org/10.22358/jafs/....
11. Hummel J., Steuer P., Südekum K.-H., Hammer S., Hammer C., Streich W.J., Clauss M., 2008. Fluid and particle retention in the digestive tract of the addax antelope (Addax nasomaculatus) – adaptations of a grazing desert ruminant. Comp. Biochem. Physiol. A – Mol. Integr. Physiol. 149, 142–149, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cbpa....
12. IUCN SSC Antelope Specialist Group, 2016. Addax nasomaculatus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016:e.T512A50180603, https://doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.U....
13. Jaakkola S., Huhtanen P., 1993. The effects of forage preservation method and proportion of concentrate on nitrogen digestion and rumen fermentation in cattle. Grass Forage Sci. 48, 146–154, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365....
14. Plaizier J.C., Krause D.O., Gozho G.N., McBride B.W., 2008. Subacute ruminal acidosis in dairy cows: The physiological causes, incidence and consequences. Vet. J. 176, 21–31, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tvjl....
15. Schilcher B., Baumgartner K., Geyer H., Liesegang A., 2013. Investigations on rumen health of different wild ruminants in relation to feeding management. J. Zoo Aquar. Res. 1, 28–30, https://doi.org/10.19227/jzar.....
16. Tahas S.A., Martin Jurado O., Hammer S., Arif A., Reese S., Hatt J.-M., Clauss M., 2017. Gross measurements of the digestive tract and visceral organs of addax antelope (Addax nasomaculatus) following a concentrate or forage feeding regime. Anat. Histol. Embryol. 46, 282–293, https://doi.org/10.1111/ahe.12....
17. Taylor L.A., Schwitzer C., Owen-Smith N., Kreuzer M., Claus M., 2013. Feeding practices for captive greater kudus (Tragelaphus strepsiceros) in UK collections as comparted to diets of freeranging specimens. J. Zoo Aquar. Res. 1, 7–13, https://doi.org/10.19227/jzar.....
18. Waghorn G.C., Reid C.S.W., 1983. Rumen motility in sheep and cattle given different diets. N. Z. J. Agric. Res. 26, 289–295, https://doi.org/10.1080/002882....
1. Effects of seasonal variation, group size and sex on the activity budget and diet composition of the addax antelope
Hicham Seri, Mohsen Chammem, Luis MM Ferreira, Marwa Kechnebou, Touhami Khorchani, Severiano R Silva
African Journal of Range & Forage Science
2. Effect of processing method of cereals on feed intake, eating behaviour, rumination and nutrient digestibility in nyala antelope (Tragelaphus angasii)
M. Przybyło, J. Kański, O. Lasek, A. Kloska, P. Górka
Journal of Animal and Feed Sciences
3. The effect of fructose supplementation on feed intake, nutrient digestibility and digesta retention time in Reeves’s muntjac ( Muntiacus reevesi )
Marcin Przybyło, Marcus Clauss, Sylvia Ortmann, Zygmunt Kowalski, Paweł Górka
Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition