0.857
IF5
0.900
IF
Q3
JCR
0.92
CiteScore
0.405
SJR
Q2
SJR
20
MNiSW
165.24
ICV
ORIGINAL PAPER
 
CC-BY 4.0
 
 

Effect of different pre-calving feeding strategies on the metabolic status and lactation performance of dairy cows

R. Mikuła 1  ,  
P. Maćkowiak 2,  
 
1
Poznań University of Life Sciences, Department of Animal Nutrition, Wołyńska 33, 60-637 Poznań, Poland
2
Poznań University of Life Sciences, Department of Animal Physiology and Biochemistry, Wołyńska 35, 60-637 Poznań, Poland
J. Anim. Feed Sci. 2018;27(4):292–300
Publish date: 2018-11-13
KEYWORDS:
TOPICS:
ABSTRACT:
The objective of the study was to investigate the metabolic, health and production consequences of selected pre-calving feeding strategies. Forty Polish Holstein-Friesian multiparous dairy cows were dried off at day 56 before parturition and assigned to 2 pre-calving treatments: CON – a 5-week far-off period and a 3-week close-up period, and SHORT – a 7-week far-off period and a 1-week close-up period with a fresh transition diet. Shortening the close-up period had no effect on body condition score during the dry period; however, a tendency to the lowest body condition score (BCS) losses were observed in the SHORT group during the first 56 days of lactation (P = 0.13). Cows from the SHORT group tended to have higher glucose concentration 3 days before calving (P = 0.13). Shortening the close-up period resulted in a higher insulin level (P = 0.04) and lower concentration of β-hydroxybutyric acid in the blood 28 days after parturition (P = 0.03). Cows from the SHORT group were characterized by a higher concentration of triiodothyronine 3 days before calving (P = 0.03) and tended to have a higher level of thyroxine 5 days after parturition (P = 0.09). A tendency to higher yield of energy corrected milk (P = 0.09) and fat content in milk was observed in the SHORT group (P = 0.11). There were no differences between treatments in terms of reproductive performance. Simplification of the transition period management and shortening of the close-up period led to a positive tendency to increase the yield of energy corrected milk, with no negative effect on the metabolic status and reproductive performance of dairy cows.
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR:
R. Mikuła   
Poznań University of Life Sciences, Department of Animal Nutrition, Wołyńska 33, 60-637 Poznań, Poland
 
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