0.906
IF5
0.875
IF
Q3
JCR
1.0
CiteScore
0.374
SJR
Q2
SJR
20
MNiSW
165.24
ICV
ORIGINAL PAPER
 
CC-BY 4.0
 
 

Effect of vinasse (condensed molasses solubles) on performance, blood metabolites, ruminal parameters and carcass characteristics of Mahabadi goat male kids

A. Zali 1  ,  
M. Eftekhari 2,  
K. Pourasad 1,  
F. Fatehi 1,  
 
1
University of Tehran, College of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Department of Animal Science, Karaj, 31587-77871, Iran
2
Qazvin Agricultural and Natural Resources Education and Research Center of Qazvin, AREEO, Department of Animal Science Qazvin, 34156-77566, Iran
J. Anim. Feed Sci. 2019;28(4):321–327
Publication date: 2019-12-27
KEYWORDS
TOPICS
ABSTRACT
Thirty-two goat male kids (body weight 20 ± 2 kg; age ~5–6 months) were used to examine the effects of vinasse supplementation on growth, carcass characteristics, and blood and ruminal parameters in a completely randomized design. Kids were randomly divided into four groups: control diet without vinasse (T1) and diets containing 4 (T2), 8 (T3) and 12% (T4) of vinasse on dry matter (DM) basis. Dry matter intake (DMI) was recorded daily and animals were weighed every 21 days during the 90-day experimental period. Vinasse supplementation had no significant effect on DMI (P = 0.21), average daily gain (P = 0.61) and feed conversion ratio (P = 0.79). Adding vinasse to diets at high levels (T3 and T4) enhanced rumen pH (P = 0.03); however, it had no effect on rumen ammonia nitrogen (P = 0.62) and volatile fatty acids concentration. Plasma metabolites concentrations were not affected by treatments except the magnesium level which increased in line with the level of vinasse (P = 0.03). Vinasse supplementation induced significant reduction of the internal fat weight in the T3 and T4 groups (P = 0.02), whereas hot carcass weight (P = 0.75), carcass yield (P = 0.81), longissimus muscle (LM) area (P = 0.97), backfat thickness (P = 0.68) and LM chemical composition (crude protein (P = 0.18), ether extract (P = 0.93) and ash percent (P = 0.21)) were not affected. The obtained results may suggest that vinasse can be added into the goat kids diet up to 12% without any adverse effects on performance but with the potential to reduce the internal fat content.
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
A. Zali   
University of Tehran, College of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Department of Animal Science, Karaj, 31587-77871, Iran
 
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